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Военное дело HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMANITARIAN ISSUES
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WEATHER GUIDE

1. Europe today

Scandinavia will have heavy showers or longer spells of rain. A cold front from Finland to the Baltic states and into the east­ern Alps will bring rain and thunderstorms, followed by much cooler air. South-eastern Europe will be warm with sunshine. Most of central and western Europe will be fine and dry with sunny spells, but there will be rain across the far north-west. The Mediterranean, including the Iberian peninsula, will be dry, hot and mainly sunny.

Five-day forecast

Scandinavia and north-western Europe will remain unsettled, with spells of rain and sunshine and showers. Western Europe will have thunderstorms by midweek and then turn cooler. The central and eastern Mediterranean will stay hot and sunny, but the west will become thundery.

2. Europe today

A series of frontal systems will move eastwards across north­west Europe, northern France, the Low Countries, Denmark and southern Sweden and Norway will have rain and some bright spells, and it will be fairly warm. A large area of high pressure will maintain the settled spell across eastern Europe where there will be plenty of sunshine. Much of Spain, Portugal and southern France will be dry and sunny, but the central an eastern Mediterranean will be cloudier, with heavy rain an thunder.

þ Выполните упражнения на тренировку употребления и перевода клишированных словосчочетаний СМИ

­ 1. Read the article and Look up the meaning of the underlined words and phrases in the dictionary.

Systematic violations of women’s rights in Afghanistan

Women in Afghanistan have suffered a catastrophic assault on their human rights during more than twenty years of war and under the repressive rule of the Taliban. Now, as women face further perils with the intensification of conflict following the September 11 attacks on the United States, must make a firm support of women’s human rights. Throughout Afghanistans civil war, the major armed forces — primarily the Taliban and the United National Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan, a coalition of mainly Tajik, Uzbek, and ethnic Hazara parties — have repeatedly serious abuses of international human rights and humanitarian law. Women have borne the major part of this violence and discrimination In the civil war, women have suffered massive and systematic human rights abuses.

4. Read the article again and answer the questions.

1) What have women suffered in Afghanistan for more than 20 years? 2) What are the Afghan women facing now and why? 3) What commitments should the international community make? ‘Why? 4) What abuses were committed during the Afghan civil war? 5) What abuses did the women suffer during the war? 6) Why do you think women have borne the major part of violence and discrimination?

­ 1. Read the article and Look up the meaning of the words and phrases in the dictionary.

Discrimination against Palestinian Arab children in Israel’s schools

The report on discrimination against Palestinian Arab children in Israel’s schools is based on Human Rights Watch at twenty-six Arab and Jewish schools and on nationwide statistics compiled by the Israeli government. Nearly one-quarter of Israel’s 1.6 million schoolchildren are Palestinian Arab citizens and are educated in schools run by the Israeli government, but operated separately from hose of the Jewish majority. The report found differences in almost every aspect of the education system. The Education Ministry does not allocate as much money per head for Palestinian Arab children as it does for Jewish children. Their classes are 20 per cent larger on average. They get far fewer enrichment and remedial programs — even though they need them more — in part because the Ministry uses a different scale to assess need for Jewish children. Their school buildings are in worse condition, and many communities lack kindergartens for three and four-year-olds. One of the largest gaps is in special education, where disabled Palestinian Arab children get less funding and fewer services, have limited access to special schools, and lack appropriate curricula.

4. Read the article again and complete the folLowing statements.

1) is based on Human Rights Watch investigations. 2) Nearly one quarter of Israel’s schoolchildren are 3) The report found 4) The Education Ministry does not 5) Arab children get fewer enrichment and remedial programs because the Ministry 6) Disabled Palestinian Arab children

5. Render the articLe in English using the active words and phrases.

­ 1. Read the article and Look up the meaning of the words and phrases in the dictionary.

Sri Lanka: 180,000 refugees return home

“For 19 years, northern Sri Lanka was closed to the world as a civil conflict developed, claiming 64,000 lives and displacing more than 800,000 people. Last year, both sides declared a ceasefire, and prospects of peace grew. In January, the government lifted its embargo against the north and in September the first round of formal peace talks was held in Bangkok. Meanwhile, the displaced people began to return, voluntarily , to their former homes in the Vanni, the northern land controlled by the guerilla army called the Tamil Tigers. By October; 180,000 people had gone back. Relief activities began in the Vanni for the first time in 19 years — giving food aid to farming families, orphans, traumatized children and war widows.

2. Give Russian equivalents of the following words and phrases.

To lift an embargo; displaced people; a ceasefire; guerilla army; relief activities; voluntarily; a prospect for.

4. Read the article again and answer the questions using the active words and phrases.

1) Why was Sri Lanka closed to the world for 19 years? 2) When and why did the prospects for peace grow? 3) What had happened by October’? 4) What do relief workers do in the area? 5) What to your mind is the role of relief activities in the areas where there arc refugees and displaced people? 6) Would you like to take part in relief activities? Why? 5. Render the article in English using the active words and phrases.

­ 1. Read the article and Look up the meaning of the words and phrases in the dictionary.

Afghanistan delays speedy return of refugees

Afghanistan’s interim government has delayed signing an agreement with Iran and the United Nations on the return of several hundred thousand refugees, just weeks before the scheduled start of a program of assisted repatriations, However, the UN refugee agency says it is still hopeful that, with or without a formal agreement, organized voluntary returns will begin next month. The three sides are proceeding on the basis that an estimated 410,000 Afghans could go back to their homeland from Iran within year. Relief workers suggested Kabul was concerned about the impact of a sudden influx pf refugees, as well as Iran’s stated intention to deport I Afghans who have refused to take part in its registration program. Over the course of nearly two years, Iran has registered 2.35 million Afghans and estimates that several hundred thousand remain unregistered.

The representative of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iran said that they were preparing transport and relief supplies for the returnees in coordination with the Afghan government lie added that he did not expect Iran to carry out mass expulsions. More than 100,000 Afghans have already left Iran before the star of the UN-assisted program.

. Give Russian equivalents of the following words and phrases.

To estimate; to delay; an expulsion; an interim government; to carry out; a refugee; an influx of refugees.

4. Read the article again and express your agreement or disagreement with the following statements.

1) Afghanistan has signed an agreement with Iran and the UN on I lie (ill II of its refugees. 2) The UN refugee agency says the return will begin next month. 3) Tile three sides estimate that about 200,000 people will be able 1(1 I home within a year. 4) Kabul is concerned about the relief workers acting in the country 5) All Afghans living in Iran have been registered. 6) Iran is going to carry out mass expulsions from the country. 7) More than 100,000 Afghans have left Iran.

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