Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.


Высокие технологии Introduction
просмотров - 383


Antifreeze Brake fluid Power steering fluid

Leaking antifreeze often leaves a crystalline deposit like this.

When all else fails, you may find yourself having to get a tow home - or of course you may be helping somebody else. Long-distance recovery should only be done by a garage or breakdown service. For shorter distances, DIY towing using another car is easy enough, but observe the following points:

• Use a proper tow-rope - they are not expensive. The vehicle being towed must display an ON TOW sign in its rear window.

• Always turn the ignition key to the 'on' position when the vehicle is being towed,

A leak occurring at a wheel is almost certainly brake fluid.

so that the steering lock is released, and the direction indicator and brake lights work.

• A towing eye is provided below each bumper.

• Before being towed, release the handbrake and select neutral on the transmission. Toyota advise that automatic transmission models should only be towed for 'short distances at low speed'.

• Note that greater-than-usual pedal pressure will be required to operate the brakes, since the vacuum servo unit is only operational with the engine running.

Power steering fluid may leak from the pipe connectors on the steering rack.

• Because the power steering will not be operational, greater-than-usual steering effort will also be required.

• T h e driver of the car being towed must keep the tow-rope taut at all times to avoid snatching.

• Make sure that both drivers know the route before setting off.

• Only drive at moderate speeds and keep the distance towed to a minimum. Drive smoothly and allow plenty of time for slowing down at junctions.

Weekly checks 0•11

There are some very simple checks which need only take a few minutes to carry out, but which could save you a lot of inconvenience and expense.

These Weekly checks require no great skill or special tools, and the small amount of time they take to perform could prove to be very well spent, for example:

• Keeping an eye on tyre condition and pressures, will not only help to stop them wearing out prematurely, but could also save your life.

•Many breakdowns are caused by electrical problems. Battery-related faults are particularly common, and a quick check on a regular basis will often prevent the majority of these.

• your car develops a brake fluid leak, the first time you might know about it is when your brakes don't work properly. Checking the level regularly will give advance warning of this kind of problem.

• If the oil or coolant levels run low, the cost of repairing any engine damage will be far greater than fixing the leak, for example.

Читайте также

  • - Manning A., Dawkins M. S. An Introduction to Animal Behaviour//Press Syndicate, Univ. of Cambridge. 1998.

    Lorenz K.. Evolution and Modification of Behavior. L., 1966 Mackintosh, N. J. Approaches to the study of animal intelligence//British J. Psycho]. 1988. V. 79. P. 509-525. Mackintosh N. J. Abstraction and discrimination//In The Evolution of Cognition/ Heyes C., Huber L. (eds), The Vienna Series in Theor. Biol. A Bradford Book, The MIT Press. 2000. P. 123-143. MaierN.R. T. Reasoning in white rats//Comp. Psychol. Monographs. V. 6.1929. P. 1—93.Marino L., Reiss D., Galiup G. G. Mirror... [читать подробенее]

  • - Manning A., DawkinsM. S. An Introduction to Animal Behaviour//Press Syndicate, Univ. of Cambridge. 1998.

    Lorenz K. Evolution and Modification of Behavior. L., 1966 Immelman K. Introduction to Ethology//N.-Y.-London: Plenum Press. 1980. Jarrard L. E. On the role of the hippocampus in learning and memory in the rat// Behav. neural bid. 1993. V. 60. P. 9~26. Jerison H. J. Animal intelligence and encephalization//Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. L. 1985. V. 308. P. 21-35. Jones Т., Kamil A. C. Tool-making and tool-using in the Northern blue jay//Science 1973. V. 180. No. 4090. P. 1076-1078. ... [читать подробенее]

  • - Introduction

    Second half of left century was characterised by rapid development of technics, national economy industrialisation, an intensification of manufacture of foodstuff for provision with a food of continuously increasing population of a planet. In 2000 the globe population made 7 billion against 5 billion in 1986. Such demographic situation negatively influences on ecology. In connection with growth of cities and industry development there were serious environmental problems: pollution of... [читать подробенее]

  • - Introduction

    Content Відкрийте Збірник вправ і виконайте Вправу 13 Таким чином, XIX ст. стало періодом справжнього національного відродження: зросла національна свідомість українців, значних успіхів досягла українська культура. Національно-визвольний рух, як у Наддніпрянській, так і... [читать подробенее]

  • - Introduction

    Content Глоссарий Жеткізуші – м&... [читать подробенее]

  • - Session 153: Initiative and Response: Vietnamese Actors in the Introduction of European Medical and Technical Systems to Vietnam

    Organizer and Chair: Michele Thompson, Southern Connecticut State University Discussant: Lewis Pyenson, University of Southwestern Louisiana Recently Asia has played an important part in widening the fields of medical and scientific history beyond the thematic and theoretical factors which located these disciplines firmly in Europe and North America. It can also be said that familiarity with history of science and medicine has provided new avenues of investigation for scholars whose geographic... [читать подробенее]


    LECTURE 1 – BASIC CONCEPTS OF ELT METHODOLOGY: Aims & objectives: · To introduce the aims of the course, the place of the course in the curriculum, and key concepts of ELT; · Students should be able to identify definitions and make a list of ELT topics they will study in this course. Key terms: Discipline, course, approach, method, technique, ELT Brief summary: · Introduction to the course objectives and ELT-related topics and questions This course should involve... [читать подробенее]


    БАЗОВА ПЛАН Мета ПЛАН Мета ПЛАН Мета ПЛАН Мета ПЛАН Мета Освітня (навчальна): поглиблення знань студентів і слухачів магістратури з питань міжнародних стандартів прав людини та вивчення цих стандартів, викладених у відповідних... [читать подробенее]

  • - Introduction

    Plan of the lecture Введение Введение План лекции Изучить самостоятельно: 1. Высота точки, расположенной на поверхности Земли. 2. Виды высот полета 3. Уровни отсчета высот. 4. Порядок перевода давления с уровня QNH на QFE. 5. Погрешности барометрических... [читать подробенее]

  • - Introduction

    Adjective categories English and Russian adjectives: the main typological characteristics and the category of the degree of quality 4 classes of Rus adj: 1. expressing quality – qualitative (большой, тонкий) 2. expressing quality through its relation to other things and actions, denoting a property of an object through the relation to other object or predicate (e.g.Москва-московский, каменный-стена, весенний день –... [читать подробенее]