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Строительство Initiating Construction Project
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Запомните слова и словосочетания.

Переведите интернациональные слова.

CONSTRUCTION SITE TEXT A

total, condition, circulation, model, practice, design, program, human, select, project, concept, portion, organize, drainage, component, spe­cial. planner, analyze, detail, aesthetic, goal, potential, art.

human habitat expansion — расширение человеческой среды оби­тания:

diversiform construction — разнообразное строительство:

construction site — строительная площадка:

to deliberate — обдумывать, рассматривать;

to make a model — создавать макет:

to draft a plan — делать эскиз плана;

to select a site — выбирать место (под строительство):

to establish a site — выбрать место (под строительство):

to designate in detail — подробно обозначать;

adjacent site — смежная (граничащая) местность;

program development of the site — проект организации строитель­ства:

to establish a program — утвердить проект организации строи­тельства:

forced solution — вынужденное/принудительное решение;

feasibility study — исследование возможности осуществления:

to carry out a project — осуществлять проект;

project implementation — осуществление проекта.

3. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания.

Every instant the world seems to be getting bigger. With human habitat expansion the need for diversiform construction inevitably

grows. It looks like construction sites* are everywhere being a distinctive feature of our time. To create fit conditions for human life and work is exceptionally complicated goal and teams of true profession­als are involved in the laborious process.

To begin with, a plan for a new construction is first profoundly de­liberated and drafted on paper. The plan is used then to make a small model. [When people involved in the project agree the plan tо be worthwhile, a site for construction is selected and. after in-depth study, finally established ]0

There are two methods of establishing a site for construction.

• Alternative sites are considered within a general location and a choice is made of the one best meeting the preliminary objectives;

• The site location is chosen by a client before the establish­ment of a program or even before a use for the site has been deter­mined.

An inappropriate site or factors of cost may lead to a forced site so­lution and it may well destroy the natural site features that could have been the primary reason for choosing the location. On large projects site selection may require a detailed feasibility study of poten­tial sites. The analysis of the site and its environs includes all natural, cultural, and aesthetic factors.

Landscape architects, architects, planners, and engineers professio­nally practice site planning which is an art and science of arranging the uses of portions of land. ( Site planners designate these uses in de­tail by selecting and analyzing sites, forming land use plans, organiz­ing vehicular and pedestrian circulation, developing visual form and materials concepts, readjusting the existing landforms by design grad­ing, providing proper drainage, and finally developing the construc­tion details necessary to carry out their projects.]0

The project implementation then requires a program development

of the site and a lot of people and special equipment working together.

All components must be related to each other — the sites, and struc­tures and activities on adjacent sites — for they must be viewed as pan of the total environment.

*A site is the location of an event, structure, object, or other thing, whether actual, virtual, abandoned (e.g. working site), extant, or planned. (2 ООО п.зн.)

4. Соедините части (ABC), чтобы получить законченное выска­зывание.

А.

■ Site planning is an art...

■ The work then requires a program...

■ A plan for a new construction...

■ To create fit conditions for...

■ All components must be...

B.

■ ...human life and work is...

■ ...and science of arranging the...

■ ...development of the site and a lot...

■ .. .related to each other for they must...

■ ...is first profoundly deliberated...

C.

■ .. .be viewed as part of the total environment.

■ .. .and drafted on paper.

■ .. .of people and equipment working together.

■ .. .exceptionally complicated cause.

■ ... uses of portions of land.


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