Социология COMPREHENSION EXERCISES просмотров - 42
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions.
l)Why is it stated that the major aspects of culture include language, norms, sanctions and values? 2) How can you account for the fact that language is a critical element of culture? 3) Do you agree that people depend upon language in their life? State your reason. 4) Can you give any examples of gestures of nonverbal communication that differ in different languages? 5) Why is language of great interest to the sociological perspective? 6) What can you tell us about the efforts of the French government to maintain the linguistic integrity in France? 7) What are the other aspects of a culture besides language? 8) How do sociologists distinguish between norms? 9) What examples of formal and informal norms can you give? 10) Can you distinguish between mores and folkways? 11) What do you think about the classification of distance zones suggested by the anthropologist Edward Hall? 12) What do sanctions indicate? 13) How can you prove that values influence people's behavior?
II. Define the following key terms and memorize the definitions:
language, norms, mores, folkways, sanctions, values.
III. Speak on the elements of culture and their aspects in brief and illustrate your reports withexamples or situations of your own taken from the Russian lifestyle.
IV. Speak about language as the foundation of culture.
V. Comment on the domination of other languages byEnglish. Can you name anyother reasons for this domination besides the twoones mentioned in the text? Will English continue dominating the languages of the world?
VI. Comment on the efforts of the French government to maintain the linguistic integrity in France. Why aren't they effective? Do you share the sarcastic approach of the newspaper Le Monde to this campaign?
VII. Express your opinion. Should we try to maintain the linguistic integrity in Russia? How can you account for the domination of English in our country? May it lead to the domination of the American culture over the Russian ways and traditions? What do you suggest we should dotoprevent it?
VIII. Comment on the statement that the United States remains resistant to official use of languages other than English and to the introduction of bilingual, bicultural education. Don't you think that this hostilitydoes more harm than good to the American culture robbing it of the cultural diversity?
IX. Name and comment on the American values suggested by the sociologist Robin Williams. Can you go on with this list? Can you offer a list of basic Russian values and account for your choice?
1. Consult a dictionary and practise the pronunciation of the following words. Pay attention to the stresses: conscientious, photograph, anonymous, antithesis, ambiguous, homogeneous, megalomania, coincidence, cleavage, languorous, incisive, psychic, itinerary. 2. Read out the passage beginning with "For the first time..." up to TB show it to somebody, he thought" using proper tone groups and observing the rhythm. Convey proper attitudes and all the phonetic phenomena... [читать подробенее]
1. Consult a dictionary and practise the pronunciation of the following words: dewy, meadow, cartoon, Captain Kangaroo, episode, mass media, influential, environment, catalogue, brochure, credulous, sophisticated, deliberate, addictive, subtle, vicious, altruistic, stimulate, control, advertise, permissible, digest, identify, abbreviate, programme, persuasively, agency, intellect, design, available, intricate, isolate, giant, conglomerate, audio, contribute, charitable. 2. Practise... [читать подробенее]
1. a) Consult a dictionary and transcribe the following words from the text. Practise their pronunciation paying attention to stresses: unanimous, corroborative, appreciation, naked, aridity, iota, subsequent, contraband, sheriff, circumstantial, persevering, unmitigated, aisle, exit, caliber, perspire, distaff, executive, inferiority, gavel, conduct (v, n), minute, indict, loosen. b) Listen to your partners' reading of the above exercise. Correct their mistakes. 2. Read out the... [читать подробенее]
Additional Vocabulary 1. regular ['regjul&... [читать подробенее]
Additional Vocabulary 1. materials science - материаловедение 2. engineering [,end&... [читать подробенее]
Joint - соединение, стык, шов Bond - перевязка кирпичной кладки, тип кладки, рисунок на поверхности стены Header - тычок кирпича, кирпичной кладки Stretcher - ложок кирпича Brick laying - ведение кирпичной кладки 8. course [k&... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions: 1) What is education if viewed as an aspect of socialization? 2) What is the functionalist view on education? 3) What are the functions of education in modern society? 4) How can you prove that there are the conservative functions of education? 5) Can education bring about desired social change? 6) What is the conflict perspective on education? 7) What factors prove that education maintains social class differences? 8) Why are... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions. 1) How can you prove that social interaction and social structure are central to sociological study? 2) Why do we have to reconstruct, redefine and sometimes reshape social reality? 3) Why is it important to understand that negotiations are not merely an aspect of social interaction? 4) What elements make up the social structure of a society? 5) How can you account for the fact that a person may hold several statuses? 6) Why are social... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions. 1) What research techniques do sociologists regularly use to generate data? 2) What is considered to be the classic method of conducting an experiment? 3) What problems does the sociologist face in conducting participant observation research? 4) What are the advantages of an interview and a questionnaire? 5) What basic techniques of unobtrusive measurement do you know? 6) Are different research designs viewed as mutually exclusive? 7)... [читать подробенее]
VOCABULARY PRACTICE I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary. II. Find In the text the English equivalents of the following: человеческое общество, иметь общее наследие, ценности, передавать из поколения в поколение, если бы не, пройти долгий путь развития, значительные успехи в культуре, несмотря на... [читать подробенее]