Социология COMPREHENSION EXERCISES просмотров - 43
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions.
1) What research techniques do sociologists regularly use to generate data? 2) What is considered to be the classic method of conducting an experiment? 3) What problems does the sociologist face in conducting participant observation research? 4) What are the advantages of an interview and a questionnaire? 5) What basic techniques of unobtrusive measurement do you know? 6) Are different research designs viewed as mutually exclusive? 7) What must sociologists abide by while conducting research? 8) What are the basic principles of the code of ethics? 9) What else do the ethical considerations of sociologists lie in? 10) What is the main ethical category that sociologists should practice in conducting research? 11) What is important in the relationship of sociology to government?
II. Define the following key terms and memorize the definitions:
research design, experiment, survey, unobtrusive measures, code of ethics, value neutrality.
III. Speak on the researchdesign and researchtechniques in brief and illustrate your report withsituations or examples of your own.
IV. Determine a social problem of dailylife that is of interest to you and try to work out a researchdesign and choose researchtechniques to obtain and analyze data regarding it.
V. Speak on the ethics of research and comment on its basic princip les developing the idea. Do you agree with all of them? Can you add any other principles to the Code of Ethics?
VI. Read the following and comment on the topics suggested.
1) On the surface, the principles of the Code of Ethics seem quite clear-cut. It may be difficult to imagine how they could lead to any disagreement or controversy. However, many delicate ethical questions cannot be resolved simply by following these six points. For example, should asociologist engaged in participant-observation research always protect the confidentiality of subjects? What if the subjects are members of a religious cult engaged in unethical and even illegal activities?
2) The Code of Professional Ethics expects sociologists to disclose all funding sources. But it does not state whether sociologists who accept funding from a particular agency may also accept their idea on what should be studied. In this case sociologists turn from basic sociological research to applied research for government agencies and the private sector losing to a great extent the freedom to choose their own problems and substituting the problems of their clients for those which might have interested them on purely theoretical grounds. Two delicate questions arise here:
a) Is it possible that applied sociology, the use of the discipline for some specific and practical applications, should get more prominent at the expense of basic sociology, the objective of which is to gain a more profound knowledge of the fundamental aspects of social phenomena?
b) And can it be that Max Weber's ideal of value neutrality might be undermined too?
1. Consult a dictionary and practise the pronunciation of the following words. Pay attention to the stresses: conscientious, photograph, anonymous, antithesis, ambiguous, homogeneous, megalomania, coincidence, cleavage, languorous, incisive, psychic, itinerary. 2. Read out the passage beginning with "For the first time..." up to TB show it to somebody, he thought" using proper tone groups and observing the rhythm. Convey proper attitudes and all the phonetic phenomena... [читать подробенее]
1. Consult a dictionary and practise the pronunciation of the following words: dewy, meadow, cartoon, Captain Kangaroo, episode, mass media, influential, environment, catalogue, brochure, credulous, sophisticated, deliberate, addictive, subtle, vicious, altruistic, stimulate, control, advertise, permissible, digest, identify, abbreviate, programme, persuasively, agency, intellect, design, available, intricate, isolate, giant, conglomerate, audio, contribute, charitable. 2. Practise... [читать подробенее]
1. a) Consult a dictionary and transcribe the following words from the text. Practise their pronunciation paying attention to stresses: unanimous, corroborative, appreciation, naked, aridity, iota, subsequent, contraband, sheriff, circumstantial, persevering, unmitigated, aisle, exit, caliber, perspire, distaff, executive, inferiority, gavel, conduct (v, n), minute, indict, loosen. b) Listen to your partners' reading of the above exercise. Correct their mistakes. 2. Read out the... [читать подробенее]
Additional Vocabulary 1. regular ['regjul&... [читать подробенее]
Additional Vocabulary 1. materials science - материаловедение 2. engineering [,end&... [читать подробенее]
Joint - соединение, стык, шов Bond - перевязка кирпичной кладки, тип кладки, рисунок на поверхности стены Header - тычок кирпича, кирпичной кладки Stretcher - ложок кирпича Brick laying - ведение кирпичной кладки 8. course [k&... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions: 1) What is education if viewed as an aspect of socialization? 2) What is the functionalist view on education? 3) What are the functions of education in modern society? 4) How can you prove that there are the conservative functions of education? 5) Can education bring about desired social change? 6) What is the conflict perspective on education? 7) What factors prove that education maintains social class differences? 8) Why are... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions. 1) How can you prove that social interaction and social structure are central to sociological study? 2) Why do we have to reconstruct, redefine and sometimes reshape social reality? 3) Why is it important to understand that negotiations are not merely an aspect of social interaction? 4) What elements make up the social structure of a society? 5) How can you account for the fact that a person may hold several statuses? 6) Why are social... [читать подробенее]
I. Reread the text and answer the following questions. 1) What research techniques do sociologists regularly use to generate data? 2) What is considered to be the classic method of conducting an experiment? 3) What problems does the sociologist face in conducting participant observation research? 4) What are the advantages of an interview and a questionnaire? 5) What basic techniques of unobtrusive measurement do you know? 6) Are different research designs viewed as mutually exclusive? 7)... [читать подробенее]
VOCABULARY PRACTICE I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary. II. Find In the text the English equivalents of the following: человеческое общество, иметь общее наследие, ценности, передавать из поколения в поколение, если бы не, пройти долгий путь развития, значительные успехи в культуре, несмотря на... [читать подробенее]