Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.


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I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.

II. Find in the text the English equivalents of the following:

покончить жизнь самоубийством (3), точка зрения, начать исследование, разработать теорию, дать общее объяснение чему-либо, ряд утверждений, использовать общие концепции, разра­ботать широкое и цельное представление, на вид несвязанные явления, окружающая среда, отдельные сведения, получить в ходе исследования, процент самоубийств, изменяться, иметь отноше­ние к чему-либо, не быть исключением, предмет исследования, различить, вышеописанная, экспериментальные исследования, использовать (применять), древний, средневековый, господст­вовать в научном мире, вносить вклад в, придавать значение чему-либо, рассматривать, проникнуть во что-либо.

III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below.

1) One traditional ... answer why people commit suicide is that people ... the desire to kill themselves. 2) Sociologists are ... interested in this problem. 3) They are ... with why people ... take their own lives. 4)... to undertake such research sociologists ... theories. 5) An ... theory will have both ... and ... power. 6) An ... task in building any theory is to examine data that seem .... 7) Suicide, while a ... act, is related to .... 8) The ... of suicide increases following ... televised stories about suicide. 9) There are theories ... the causes of criminal behavior. 10) Sociologists find it useful... both of these. 11) They examine the social forces that ... individuals to become criminals or ... 12) Philosophers of the past made ... about human behavior. 13) A ... study of human behavior is needed to.... 14) The first... of sociology was Auguste Comte. 15) Societies are ... to change. 16) Herbert Spencer had a ... on sociology. 17) Behavior cannot be understood in ..., it must be understood within ... . 18) Contemporary sociology reflects the ... of earlier theorists.

diverse contributions, individualistic terms, a larger social context, dramatic, impact, bound, founder, systematic, improve society, countless observations, influence, delinquents, to employ, approaches, concerning, incidence, nationally, solitary, group behavior, essential, completely unrelated, effective, explanatory, predictive, in order, concerned, inherit, particularly, commonsense, in general, develop.

IV. Studythe following words and word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:

to drive smb to do smth, to develop a broad and integrated view, to lead to smth, to examine the relationships between, to gather through research, to research a problem, to be primarily concerned with, to vary from country to country, in conjunction with, a final statement, a means to classify, causes of, to concentrate on, by contrast, to find it useful, to be bound to do smth, to develop a fundamental thesis, intensive study, to point out, to attach smth to smth, reflect smth, the workings of human society.

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