Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 54
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following:
отделять ... от, значительно отличаться, очерчивать (придавать или принимать форму, вид), влиять на наше поведение, толкование (объяснение) реальности, языковой барьер, неязыковое общение, представлять большой интерес для, передаваться через язык, именно по этим причинам, остро ощущаемая проблема, сопротивляться чему-либо, требования мировой торговли, вести переговоры о деловых сделках, отказаться от затеи, обанкротиться, учредить комитет, запретить, поощрить, расхолаживать, неправильное поведение, принятые нормы, поддерживать (утверждать), различать, нарушитель (закона), точный, простой пример, благосостояние общества, народный обычай (нрав), повиновение чему-либо, нарушение (насилие), суровое наказание, разделять мнение, яркий пример, придерживаться взгляда, отражать, чтить своих родителей, критерий оценки, прямая взаимосвязь.
III. Supplythe missing words or word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) Language is ... of culture that sets apart humans from other living beings. 2) People depend upon language, ... it describes and shapes our reality. 3) Languages differ in the number of colors that are .... 4) The language barrier ... to nonverbal communication. 5) A culture's most important aspects are communicated to people .... 6) Many societies experience ... of the English language. 7) English ... rock music throughout the world. 8) English is not ... welcomed in all countries. 9) «Linguistic integrity» ia somewhat ... in France. 10) A survey.... that many discos had gone bankrupt. 11) The newspaper Le Monde responded to this campaign ... . 12) Violation of laws can lead to .... 13) Folkways ... how far we should stand while ... with one another. 14) It is important... that this is not ... upheld. 15) Values ... as criteria for ... the actions of others. 16) Most values remain ... during any one person's lifetime.
relatively stable, serve, evaluating, to note, universally, govern, conversing, severe penalties, with a dry sarcasm, revealed, a passion, enthusiastically, pervades, pervasiveness, through language, extends, recognized, for, a critical element
IV. Studythe following words and word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
to set apart ... from, to differ in striking ways, to depend upon, to influence smth, to lead to, to ask smb for, to extend to, to be of great interest to, it is for these reasons (this reason), a sensitive issue, to remain resistant to, to experience, to stem from, to pervade smth, to drop the idea, to go bankrupt, to go so far as, to view smth as appropriate behavior, to be precise in defining, to demand obedience to, to raise little (great) concern, to be universally upheld, to be (un)likely, to serve as, a direct relationship, to view ... as abasic value, socially shared.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]