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Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE
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I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.

II. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following:

отделять ... от, значительно отличаться, очерчивать (придавать или принимать форму, вид), влиять на наше поведение, толкова­ние (объяснение) реальности, языковой барьер, неязыковое об­щение, представлять большой интерес для, передаваться через язык, именно по этим причинам, остро ощущаемая проблема, сопротивляться чему-либо, требования мировой торговли, вести переговоры о деловых сделках, отказаться от затеи, обанкротить­ся, учредить комитет, запретить, поощрить, расхолаживать, не­правильное поведение, принятые нормы, поддерживать (утверж­дать), различать, нарушитель (закона), точный, простой пример, благосостояние общества, народный обычай (нрав), повинове­ние чему-либо, нарушение (насилие), суровое наказание, разде­лять мнение, яркий пример, придерживаться взгляда, отражать, чтить своих родителœей, критерий оценки, прямая взаимосвязь.

III. Supplythe missing words or word combinations choosing among those given below.

1) Language is ... of culture that sets apart humans from other living beings. 2) People depend upon language, ... it describes and shapes our reality. 3) Languages differ in the number of colors that are .... 4) The language barrier ... to nonverbal communication. 5) A culture's most important aspects are communicated to people .... 6) Many societies experience ... of the English language. 7) English ... rock music throughout the world. 8) English is not ... welcomed in all countries. 9) «Linguistic integrity» ia somewhat ... in France. 10) A survey.... that many discos had gone bankrupt. 11) The newspaper Le Monde responded to this campaign ... . 12) Violation of laws can lead to .... 13) Folkways ... how far we should stand while ... with one another. 14) It is important... that this is not ... upheld. 15) Values ... as criteria for ... the actions of others. 16) Most values remain ... during any one person's lifetime.

relatively stable, serve, evaluating, to note, universally, govern, conversing, severe penalties, with a dry sarcasm, revealed, a passion, enthusiastically, pervades, pervasiveness, through language, extends, recognized, for, a critical element

IV. Studythe following words and word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:

to set apart ... from, to differ in striking ways, to depend upon, to influence smth, to lead to, to ask smb for, to extend to, to be of great interest to, it is for these reasons (this reason), a sensitive issue, to remain resistant to, to experience, to stem from, to pervade smth, to drop the idea, to go bankrupt, to go so far as, to view smth as appropriate behavior, to be precise in defining, to demand obedience to, to raise little (great) concern, to be universally upheld, to be (un)likely, to serve as, a direct relationship, to view ... as abasic value, socially shared.


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