Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 61
I. Read and translate the text, using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text English equivalents of the following:
осуществлять свою волю над кем-либо, принуждение, навязывать волю, заключить в тюрьму, совершить политическое убийство, убеждать (убеждения), передовица, показание (свидетельство), страстная речь, применять власть над кем-либо, обладать законной властью, руководить (управлять), править, как в случае, создавать и проводить в жизнь законы, захватывать власть силой, часто, широкомасштабный, судьба (2), в буквальном смысле, голосовать, следовательно, выбирать, говорить от имени народа, приобретать политические взгляды, взгляды родителей, мировоззрение, преобладать (преобладающий), оказывать явное влияние на, мышление, теоретически, к сожалению, быть знакомым с основами, участвовать (участие), доверять, представлять интересы, несомненно, обнаруживать (признание, открытие), недоверчивый, президентские выборы, пустая трата времени, выборные, представители, за кулисами, исследовать критический вопрос, иметь общие интересы, иметь доступ к чему-либо, государственные чиновники, иметь мало общего, находиться в руках (власть).
III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) Power is the ability to ... one's will over others. 2) Force is the actual or ... use of coercion ... one's will on others. 3) Influence is the exercise of power through a process of ... . 4) Authority refers to those who hold ... power through ... or publicly ... positions. 5) Each society ... a political system by which it is ... . 6) Most monarchs have little practical power and primarily ... ceremonial purposes. 7) A dictator is a person who has nearly ... power to make and ... laws. 8) Frequently, dictatorships develop ... control over people's lives. 9) One of the characteristics of a totalitarian state is ... use of ideology. 10) Political socialization is the process by which individuals ... political ... and develop ... of political behavior. 11) The family plays a particularly ... role in political socialization. 12) Parents'... have an important ... on children's ... . 13) Schools ... young people with information and analysis of the political world. 14) Political education generally ... the norms and values of the ... political order. 15) The mass media can have ... effects on people's ... and political behavior. 16) A number of studies have ... that the media do not ... to influence the masses of people .... 17) Unfortunately, this is ... the case in our contemporary societies. 18) Citizens are ... to participate in political life if they ... political leaders or feel that they ... their interests. 19) In an age ... by revelation of political... people feel powerless and .... 20) As a result, many view political participation as ... . 21) ... the pluralist and elite models have little ... and each describes a ... different distribution of power. 22) Power in various areas ... in the hands of a small number of citizens.
rests, without question, in common, dramatically, a waste of time, marked, corruption, distrustful, willing, trust, represent, hardly, reported, tend, directly, obvious, thinking, reflects, prevailing, provide, views, impact, outlook, significant, acquire, attitudes, patterns, large-scale, overwhelming, total, enforce, serve, establishes, governed, legitimate, elected, acknowledged, persuasion, threatened, to impose, exercise.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
to exercise one's will over smb, to impose one's will on smb, to apply force, to assassinate a political leader, because of, in connection with, to hold legitimate power, to enforce laws, to seize power by force, to be bitterly hated by, to develop overwhelming (complete) control over, in a literal sense, to vote on an issue, to speak for the people, to acquire political attitudes, to provide smb with smth, to have an effect (an impact) on, to influence smb directly, to have influence over, in theory, to get involved in; to trust smb, to be willing to do smth, to be likely to do smth, to represent smb's interests, to feel distrustful, to view smth as a waste of time, to run a country (to govern country), to govern smth behind the scenes, to share interests, power rests, to have access to, to compete with, to have little (much) in common with.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
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Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
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CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]