Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 58
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text English equivalents of the following:
вера (вероучение), по крайней мере, с течением времени, отделиться от, сравниваться с (противопоставляться чему-либо), возникнуть, падение Римской империи, установить, последователь, основатель (основать), пророк, поклониться кому-либо, разнообразие (2), экклесия (верность церкви), вероисповедание (отличное от официальной религии), секта͵ культ, претендовать (заявлять), взаимно усиливать друг друга, терять власть, не иметь официального признания, отделиться (порвать с), привлекательность, социальная поддержка, несчастье, утешать (успокаивать), бессмысленно, утешение, приводить кого-либо к покорности, тяжелая жизнь, проще говоря, отвлекать чье-либо внимание от земных проблем, обеспечивать стабильность, сохранять неравенство, власть предержащие, бесправные, успехи, уменьшаться (снижаться), несмотря на, руководство, выжить, терять веру в, вечные ценности.
III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) Cultural universals are ... found in every culture. 2) Religion is ... such a cultural universal, and religious institutions are ... in all societies. 3) It is difficult to ... with certainty when religions behavior began. 4) Christianity is ... on the life and ... of Jesus Christ. 5) The Orthodox Church is ... with the Roman Church. 6) Although some particular religious faiths ... certain areas and countries of the world, people turn to ... of religions for answers to ... questions of existence. 7) In a society with an ecclesia, the political and religious institutions often act ... and mutually ... each other. 8) Most of us find it difficult to accept ... events of life. 9) Religion ... us to view our personal ... as ... unimportant. 10) Religion offers ... to people by giving them hope of ... happiness in ... . 11) Karl Marx described religion as particularly ... to oppressed peoples. 12) From Marx's perspective, religion ... stability and helps ... social inequality. 13) In ... industrial societies, scientific and technological ... have ... affected all aspects of life. 14) At present, other social institutions maintain ... of religious ... . 15) People ... to be turning to religion as they lose ... in other important institutions of social life. 16) At present, religion continues to be an important ... on human society.
influence, appear, confidence, independence, guidance, contemporary, advances, increasingly, promotes, to maintain, harmful, consolation, eternal, an afterlife, encourages, misfortunes, relatively, stressful, in harmony, reinforce, dominate, a variety, ultimate, contrasted, based, teachings, determine, clearly, evident, general practices.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
to belong to, to offer answers to ultimate questions, in the course of time, to come into being, to be recognized, to decline in power, to break away from, to renew smth, to be at odds with, to offer social support, to offer consolation, to look upon smth, to drug smb into submission, to keep smb from doing smth, to reinforce the interests of those in power, to lessen a possibility to do smth, to maintain independence of, to lose confidence in, to be an important influence on.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]