Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 34
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following:
быть связанным узами крови (брака), заранее определенные отношения, делить ответственность, заботиться о ком-либо (любить), очень отличаться, состав (семьи), рассматриваться очень узко, семья (домашние, хозяйство), подходить (соответствовать) чему-либо, развод, так...как, оказывать помощь и поддержку, вести хозяйство, процветание, неудача (провал), ограничиваться чем-либо, жениться на (выйти замуж за), состоять в браке с, высокий уровень разводов, супруг(а), одновременно, оказывать предпочтение чему-либо, обесценивать социальную значимость, происхождение, родство — родственники (2), родственники (со стороны жены или мужа), и так далее, местожительство, жить отдельно, жених и невеста͵ принимать решения, возникает проблема, проще говоря, супружеские отношения, иметь вес (влияние), заменять, основной источник, общественное неравенство, вести к социальной несправедливости, лишать женщин возможностей, ограничивать свободу, выбор партнера (супруга), несовершеннолетний, нуждаться в постоянной заботе, безопасность, воспитание, внутри семейного окружения, любовь, товарищество (общение), реализовать возможности.
III. Supply the missing words or word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) A family can be defined as a set of persons related by some ... relationship. 2) There are certain general principles ... the family organization. 3) In human society the family has been traditionally viewed in very ... . 4) The structure of the extended family ... certain advantages. 5) Crises involve less ... for extended families. 6) Extended families are often ... in a common enterprise. 7) Some sociologists, noting a high ... of divorce, have suggested a more ... term «serial monogamy». 8) Most societies ... the world have ... a preference for polygamy, not monogamy. 9) The state of being related to other is called ... but... do not always live or function together. 10) Formally, a married couple is expected ... a separate household. 11) Societies vary in the way that power within the family is ....12) Some ...relationships may be neither ... nor ... . 13) In the egalitarian family ... are regarded as ... . 14) This does not mean that in the egalitarian family each decision is ... . 15) For a society ... itself, it must ... dying members. 16) Human ... need ... care, economic ... and ... . 17) We ... a social position because of the «family background» and the ... of our parents. 18) Moreover, the family resources ... our ability ... certain opportunities.
affect, to pursue, inherit, reputation, infants, constant, security, upbringing, to maintain, replace, shared, spouses, equals, marital, male-dominated, female-dominated, distributed, to establish, kinship, kin, throughout, exhibited, rate, accurate, engaged, a train, offers, narrow terms, concerning, agreed-upon.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use then in sentences of your own.
to be related by, to share responsibilities, to care for, to vary greatly, to be viewed in very narrow terms, to fit smth, to offer certain advantages, to involve strain for smth, to provide assistance and support, to be engaged in a common enterprise, to limit oneself to, at a time, to exhibit, a preference for, to devalue smb's social worth, to establish a separate household, either ... or ... , a reason for, to make decisions about, to be termed, to come to a conclusion, neither ... nor ..., to be regarded as equals, to hold authority, in order to do smth, to need constant care, to monitor smth, to be obliged, to pursue certain opportunities.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]