Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 53
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text English equivalents for the following:
пожизненный (непрерывный), сознательно, принимать роль, взгляд (точка зрения) на, подчеркивать (выделять), господствующий, обучение, уважение к, учрежденный, содействовать (способствовать), расовый, этнический, представлять единство (идентичность), до некоторой степени, общий язык, поддерживать (осуществлять), нормы поведения, общественная жизнь, дисциплинированный, существенный, до сих пор, вызывать изменения, точка зрения, подход к, иметь критическую точку зрения о, классовые различия, подразделять в соответствии с классовым происхождением, указывать на (отмечать) что-либо, намеренно, экономическое неравенство, община (общность), налог на собственность, финансирование, оборудование, опытный, организация групп с особой программой обучения, коэффициент умственного развития, критерий — критерии, учебная программа (Sg, P1), поставить кого-либо в невыгодное положение, дифференцированный (отличительный) доступ к, проистекать от (иметь результатом), обращаться с кем-либо, ожидание (надежда), во многих отношениях, подобный (сходный).
III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) In a sense, education is an aspect of ... — the ... process of learning the attitudes, values, and behavior... to individuals as members of a ... culture. 2) Education in any society transmits the ... or the ... culture. 3) Through ... young people study the existing ..., norms, and values of a ... culture. 4) Education transforms a population into a society whose members ... a common identity. 5) The integrative function of education is ... through its ... on promoting a ... language. 6) Education prepares young people to lead ... and ... lives in the larger society. 7) Education can stimulate or ... desired social control. 8) Conflict theorists state that education maintains ... . 9) Education sorts pupils according to their social class .... 10) Very often schools are ... through ... property taxes. 11) Tracking puts children from ... families.... 12) The educational inequalities... from these factors are designed to... of modern capitalist societies. 13) Professor Henry Higgins changes Elise's manners of speech and teaches her the etiquette of ... 14) Interactionist theorists suggest that, if we ... people in particular ways, they may ... our expectations. 15) Teacher ... about a student's ... can have an impact on the student's actual .... 16)... today's schools are ... to factories, hospitals, and business firms.
in many respects, similar, expectations, performance, achievements, treat, fulfill, «high society», resulting, meet the needs, low-income, at a disadvantage, background, financed, local, social class differences, bring about, productive, orderly, obvious, emphasis, common, share, schooling, beliefs, distinctive, dominant, existing, socialization, lifelong, appropriate, particular.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
appropriate to, through schooling, to have respect for (but: to respect smth), to promote smth, to transform smth into smth, to some extent, to socialize smb into smth, through an emphasis on, to maintain smth, standards of proper conduct, to be ahead, to teach various skills, to bring about smth, to take a view of, to provide a better education, to graduate from a private (public) school, to be financed through, to get better facilities, to put smb at a disadvantage, differential access to, to result from, to treat smb.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]