Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

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Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE
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I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.

II. Find in the text English equivalents for the following:

пожизненный (непрерывный), сознательно, принимать роль, взгляд (точка зрения) на, подчеркивать (выделять), господству­ющий, обучение, уважение к, учрежденный, содействовать (спо­собствовать), расовый, этнический, представлять единство (иден­тичность), до некоторой степени, общий язык, поддерживать (осуществлять), нормы поведения, общественная жизнь, дисцип­линированный, существенный, до сих пор, вызывать изменения, точка зрения, подход к, иметь критическую точку зрения о, классовые различия, подразделять в соответствии с классовым про­исхождением, указывать на (отмечать) что-либо, намеренно, экономическое неравенство, община (общность), налог на соб­ственность, финансирование, оборудование, опытный, органи­зация групп с особой программой обучения, коэффициент ум­ственного развития, критерий — критерии, учебная програм­ма (Sg, P1), поставить кого-либо в невыгодное положение, диф­ференцированный (отличительный) доступ к, проистекать от (иметь результатом), обращаться с кем-либо, ожидание (надеж­да), во многих отношениях, подобный (сходный).

III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below.

1) In a sense, education is an aspect of ... — the ... process of learning the attitudes, values, and behavior... to individuals as members of a ... culture. 2) Education in any society transmits the ... or the ... culture. 3) Through ... young people study the existing ..., norms, and values of a ... culture. 4) Education transforms a population into a society whose members ... a common identity. 5) The integrative function of education is ... through its ... on promoting a ... language. 6) Education prepares young people to lead ... and ... lives in the larger society. 7) Education can stimulate or ... desired social control. 8) Conflict theorists state that education maintains ... . 9) Education sorts pupils according to their social class .... 10) Very often schools are ... through ... property taxes. 11) Tracking puts children from ... families.... 12) The educational inequalities... from these factors are designed to... of modern capitalist societies. 13) Professor Henry Higgins changes Elise's manners of speech and teaches her the etiquette of ... 14) Interactionist theorists suggest that, if we ... people in particular ways, they may ... our expectations. 15) Teacher ... about a student's ... can have an impact on the student's actual .... 16)... today's schools are ... to factories, hospitals, and business firms.

in many respects, similar, expectations, performance, achievements, treat, fulfill, «high society», resulting, meet the needs, low-income, at a disadvantage, background, financed, local, social class differences, bring about, productive, orderly, obvious, emphasis, common, share, schooling, beliefs, distinctive, dominant, existing, socialization, lifelong, appropriate, particular.

IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:

appropriate to, through schooling, to have respect for (but: to respect smth), to promote smth, to transform smth into smth, to some extent, to socialize smb into smth, through an emphasis on, to maintain smth, standards of proper conduct, to be ahead, to teach various skills, to bring about smth, to take a view of, to provide a better education, to graduate from a private (public) school, to be financed through, to get better facilities, to put smb at a disadvantage, differential access to, to result from, to treat smb.


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