Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 49
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text the English equivalents of the following:
определять (регулировать), постановления (какой-либо организации), подчиняться, справиться с чем-либо, наконец, создавать законы, проводить в жизнь (закон), предполагать, оказаться в состоянии сделать что-либо, оказаться перед опасностью наказания, страх, насмешка, тюремное заключение, штраф, метод (средство), соответствие, подчинение, давление, согласие (уступчивость), вышестоящие власти, иерархический, новобранец, поступать на военную службу, старшие офицеры, осуществлять, случайно (непостоянно), поднять бровь (в знак удивления), свод законов, суд (учреждение), поддерживать, быть направленным на правило (положение), быть нацеленным на, извращение, испорченность (развращение), нарушать нормы поведения, акт неподчинения, то же самое относится к, не подлежать преследованию, брать взятку, бросать вызов, вызов (открытое неповиновение), отклонение от норм, не говоря о, неуместный, подпевать, относительный, кричащие болельщики, применить наказание, строгость (суровость), проступок, правонарушитель, различать, совершить преступление, проявлять заботу о, убийство, изнасилование, грабеж, нападение, кража со взломом, воровство, поджог, незаконная деятельность, взлом сейфа, карманная кража, ограбление магазина, продажа наркотиков, азартные игры, размещать, назначать цены, третейский судья, внутренние разборки, уклонение от уплаты налогов на доходы, биржевые манипуляции, обман потребителей, взяточничество, растрата͵ искажение сведений при рекламе, жертва, личное благосостояние, против воли, добровольный обмен, пьянство, наркотики (2).
III. Supply the missing words or word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) Every culture and society has destructive norms ... what is called ... behavior. 2) In organization we must... with a formal system of rules and .... 3) Without thinking we follow the ... rules at our jobs. 4)... for social control can be viewed on both the group and society ... . 5) The sanctions used to ... conformity and obedience and to ... violation of social norms are... through informal and formal social control. 6) Informal social control is used by people .... 7) Formal social control is carried out by .... 8) Sociologists have become ... interested in the creation of laws as a social process. 9) In their view, law is not... a static body of rules ... from generation to generation. 10) Being late for class is ... as a ... act. 11) Deviance involves both ... behavior and many actions not ... to prosecution. 12) Standards of deviance ... from one group to another. 13) In our society it is generally considered ... to ... at a rock or folk concert, but not at the opera. 14) Sociologists classify crimes in terms of how they are ... and how the offenses are ... by society. 15) Index crimes consist of serious offenses that people think of when they ... about the nation's crime problems. 16) Many people make a career of ... . 17) Organized crime refers to the work of a group that... relations between various criminal ... . 18) Certain crimes are committed by ... people in the course of their .... 19) There is a wide ... of offenses that are classified as ... . 20) In white-collar or index crimes, people's economic or personal... is ... against their ... or without their .... 21)... sociologists use the term victimless crimes to describe the ... exchange among ... of widely ... but ... goods and services.
by contrast, willing, adults, desired, illegal, well-being, endangered, will, knowledge, variety, white-collar crimes, «respectable», daily business activities, regulates, enterprises, illegal activities, express concern, committed, viewed, acceptable, sing along, vary, criminal, subject, categorized, deviant, merely, handed down, increasingly, authorized agents, casually, encourage, discourage, carried out, techniques, level, day-to-day, cope, regulations, governing, appropriate.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own.
to govern smth, to occur on a level, to obey smb, to cope with smth, to legislate smth, to enforce smth, to respect and to accept smth, to follow the day-to-day rules, to fail to do smth, to face smth, a response to smth, to go along with smth, to direct smth at smb, to conform to smth, to encourage smb to do smth, to discourage smb from doing smth, to carry out smth, to back smth, to be aimed at smth, to become increasingly interested in smth, to be opposite to smth, to violate the standards of conduct, to be late for smth, on the basis of smth, to be subject to prosecution, to take a bribe, to defy social norms, to cut classes, let alone smth, to be out of place, to be relative to smth, to be a common practice, to be symptomatic of smth, to be divided into various categories, to distinguish between smth, in terms of, to consist of smth, to express concern about smth, to make smth as a day-by-day occupation, to develop skilled techniques, to specialize in smth, to commit a crime, to misrepresent in advertising, to endanger one's well-being.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]