Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

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Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE
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I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.

II. Find in the text the English equivalents of the following:

четко определœенным способом, переводить из класса в класс, переход от детства к зрелости, проходить длительный период, переход (изменение), отрочество, проходить ряд стадий разви­тия, выявить три главных переходных периода, происходить (иметь место), главным образом, отмечать, постепенно, начать карье­ру, вступать в брак, в основном, переживать (испытывать) пери­од стресса, самооценка, общеизвестно, достигать цели, често­любие (стремление), преклонный, ограничивать свои служебные обязанности, уход на пенсию, стареть, подвергаться значитель­ному изменению, за последние десятилетия, пожилые, принося­щее пользу занятие, уместный (относящийся к делу), образец (модель), видение (предвидение), до недавних пор, четко (явно), очевидный, исследовать природу кризиса, шкала, классифици­ровать, приспособлять (регулировать), наиболее тесно связанный, первоначальный, поощрять соревнование, вознаграждение и на­казание, оценки (отметки), возрастные группы, сверстники (ро­весники), принимать (на себя), приблизительно, подросток (2), нарушать (закон), обязанности взрослого, бороться (оспаривать), отстаивать свои права, тем не менее, быть зависимым от, сред­ства массовой информации, в частности, ролевая игра, быть встревоженным, подвергаться чему-либо, насилие, творческие про­граммы; развить основные умения (навыки), необходимые для школы; кроме того, рекламный ролик, стиль жизни, не подозре­вать о чем-либо, осуществлять контроль, оценивать (давать оцен­ку), вести себя соответствующим образом, занятие (должность), рабочее место, выбор, отбор, академическая подготовка, про­фессиональная подготовка, познакомиться, унаследовать, нераз­личимый, самосознание, технологические достижения, изменять требования, делать необходимым, отбрасывать (за ненужнобнос­тью), неизбежно.

III. Supplythe missing wolds and word combinations choosing among those given below.

1) The socialization process continues ... all aspects of the human life .... 2) Our social development... with the individual and the social situations in which the person must .... 3) The first transition period ... the time at which a male gradually enters the ... . 4) The American nation's attitude toward ... has undergone a ... change in .... 5) Levinson's conclusions are ... for women who follow the traditional ... of men. 6) Yet, ... , most women were socialized into the ... of the future ... on marriage and children. 7) Creating ... does not... in a week. 8) The ... socialization involves many ... which influence our lives, and ... our self-images. 9) The family is the ... most closely associated with .... 10) We ... socialization first as ... and ... living in families. 11) The school is a very important ... in socializing children into ... and ... of our culture. 12) Schools foster competition through ... systems of ... and .... 13) With teenagers peer groups ... the role of ... . 14) At home parents ... to dominate. 15) Television, .... is a critical force in the socialization of children. 16) Critics of television are ... alarmed by the fact that we are exposed to ... of violence. 17) ... may alter the requirements of the position and ... some degree of resocialization.

technological advances, necessitate, further, a great deal, in particular, tend, assume, «the significant others», built-in, reward, punishment, agent, the norms, the values, experience, babies, infants, institution, the process of socialisation, lifelong, different social forces, alter, a self, occur, until recently, visions, centering, relevant, career patterns, aging, dramatic, recent decades, marks, adult world, varies, function, throughout, cycle.

IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:

to go through a prolonged period of transition, to pass through a series of developmental stages, to enter the adult world, to begin a career, to experience a stressful period, to achieve basic goals and ambitions, to undergo a dramatic change, no longer is it, to follow a career pattern, to create excitement, until recently, to be clearly evident, to develop a scale ranking, to serve a jail term, to dismiss from work, troubles with in-laws, to develop an initial sense of self, to associate with, to be approximately one's own age, to encourage, smb to do smth, to violate, to assert oneself, to be dependent on, to be alarmed by, to assist smb in doing smth, to expose smb to smth, to monitor smth, to evaluate smb, to involve doing smth, to prove to be satisfactory, during one's adult years.


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