Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 55
I.. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text the English equivalents of the following:
уникальный, правильный (соответствующий), происходить через взаимодействия людей, через наши собственные наблюдения, следовать нормам и ценностям общества (нарушать), воздействовать на, полный (общий), опыт (переживание), биологическая наследственность, наследие, окружение, почти полностью, следствие, наносить ущерб, познавательный потенциал, подчеркивать важность, сейчас признано, заботиться о физических потребностях ребенка, проявлять интерес к общественному развитию детей, не поощрять какое-либо действие, быть лишенным чего-либо, сверстники, взаимосвязь, воспитывать отдельно (2), генетический, быть удивительно похожим (сходным), заметное сходство, значительное различие, умственное развитие, значительно отличающийся, с одной стороны... с другой стороны, проявлять интерес к, в начале 1900-х, выдвигать утверждение, ощущать (осознавать), взрослеть, сотрудники, играть главную роль, создавать впечатление, создавать определенный вид (облик), удовлетворять аудиторию, делать промах, иметь склонность, не замечать ошибки, представлять логическое продолжение, делать акцент, подчеркивать (выделять), создавать образ, первый... последний, спасти (сохранить) репутацию (престиж).
III. Supplythe missing words or word combinations choosing among those given below.
1) Each culture has a ... character which ... the values and behavior of its members. 2) We learn ... from the people most important in our lives. 3) Through interacting with people ... through our own observations we discover how to behave properly. 4) We learn what to expect from others if we ... or ... society's norms and values. 5) Socialization experiences can ... on the shaping of people's personalities. 6) There is no ... regarding the relative importance of these factors in human development. 7) The consequences of social isolation have proved to be greatly .... 8) Children ... in isolation very often react.... 9)... their physical and cognitive potential it is very difficult ... them to human relationships. 10) Nowadays researchers are ... emphasizing the importance of early socialization experience for humans. 11) It is not enough ... children's needs; parents must also ... with their social development. 12) Children should not be ... from having friends. 13) Inheritance should not be ... as a factor in the social development of humans. 14) The ... between heredity and environment is evident. 15) Two ... identical persons develop quite different personalities. 16) Certain ... appear to be ... similar. 17) Identical twins brought up in ... different social ... score differently on ... . 18) Many sociologists have ... in how the individual develops and ... a sense of self. 19) In ... the sociologists ... that we learn who we are by interacting with others. 20) Other sociologists ... of the self. 21) The so-called ... play a ... role in shaping a person's self. 22) People very often ... in their daily activities. 23) This polite behavior is intended .... 24)... we often initiate ....
to maintain the proper image, face-saving behavior, to save face, blunder, «significant others», major, introduced the theory, the early 1900s, advanced the belief, expressed an interest, modifies, dramatically, environments, intelligence tests, characteristics, strikingly, genetically, interplay, dismissed, discouraged, to care for, concern themselves, increasingly, despite, to adapt, raised, like wild animals, damaging, consensus, have an impact, follow, challenge, as well as, a great deal, unique, shapes.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
appropriate to smb, to learn a great deal from, and so forth, to affect smb, to shape an image, to refer to, both ... and, regarding smth, to be severely neglected, to be raised in isolation, to adapt smth to smth, to care for, to concern oneself with, to discourage smb from doing smth, to be deprived of, to be reared apart, to be brought up, to develop a personality, because of, to appear to be strikingly similar, far greater, to find marked similarities, to find significant differences, to have different scores on intelligence tests, to score quite differently on intelligence tests, on the one hand ... on the other hand.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]