Социология VOCABULARY PRACTICE просмотров - 55
I. Read and translate the text using a dictionaryif necessary.
II. Find in the text English equivalents of the following:
имущество, иерархия, справедливая доля, вознаграждение, конфликтовать, причастность (вовлечение), классифицировать, разница в доходе, источники богатства, приблизительно, одинокий, испытывать недостаток, насчитывать, руководящая роль, конторские служащие, профессии служащих, рабочие должности, меньшинство — большинство, отделяться от, этнический, физические свойства, исключительность, предрассудок, превосходящий, стоящий ниже, врожденный, обделять кого-либо, сознательный (намеренный), уважение к, численно, соответствовать определению, подчиненный, социальные различия, являться результатом, так называемый, применение (использование), различие, забота о детях, домашние обязанности, ограничивать, с точки зрения, оплачиваемая рабочая сила, подчиняться руководителям-мужчинам, служба (занятость), приобрести самоуважение, снижаться; браки, в которых оба супруга работают; неизбежный, иметь мало смысла, затмевать, широко распространенный, упрямый, обидчивый, сварливый, командирский, нужноедливый, пожилые, оскорбление, пренебрежение; последний по порядку, но не по значению; интернаты для престарелых, все возрастающая часть.
III. Supplythe missing words and word combinations choosing among those given below:
1) All cultures are ... by some degree of social inequality. 2) Of course, each of us wants ... of society's rewards. 3) Sociologists have ... their attention to the implications of stratification in ... members of society. 4) The upper class people form ... associations with one another in ... clubs and social .... 5) The lower class ... both wealth and income and is too weak politically to ... significant power. 6) The working class are people ... regular manual or ... jobs. 7) The racial group is a minority ... from others by obvious physical differences. 8) Racial and ethnic groups can relate to one another in a wide variety of ways ... from friendships and ... to behaviors caused by .... 9) Many societies have ... social ... between the sexes. 10) Few social roles are completely ... to ... men ... women. 11) The social ... of women's employment are very serious. 12) In modern industrial societies the social role of being a father is greatly .... 13) In ... marriages wives have the longest workweeks, while men have the shortest ... . 14) «Being old» is a ... status that sometimes ... all others. 15) And ..., the elderly are especially ... to be victims of age segregation.
last but not least; likely, master, overshadows, dual-career, total, workweeks, de-emphasized, consequences, restricted, either... or, established, distinctions, ranging, intermarriages, prejudice, set apart, holding, blue-collar, lack, exercise, intimate, exclusive, circles, directed, ranking, a «fair share», characterized.
IV. Studythe following word combinations and use them in sentences of your own:
to speculate about, to draw one's attention to, to account for, to regard smth with respect, to exercise one's will over, to come into conflict over, to argue over, to take a vacation, to direct one's attention to, to workout a system, to exercise leadership roles, to hold a job, to be concerned with, to be set apart from, to be subject to, to range from ... to ..., to deny opportunities and equal rights to, respect for, to be superior to, to establish social distinctions, to result from, to assume a responsibility for, to be capable of doing smth, to be assigned to, to report to smb, to make little sense to do smth, to handle a task, to receive public attention; last but not least; to be at a disadvantage, to feel lonely and unhappy, to fit the properties (definition) of, to be composed of.
Unit 5. Russian houses and flats Ex. 4. Answer the questions. 1. How many rooms are there in the Garretts’ house? 2. What rooms are there on the ground floor? 3. What room will Sasha be sleeping in? 4. What do they use their recreation room for? 5. Do different appliances at home make our life easier and more convenient? 6. Why do the Garretts like to use a microwave oven? 7. What do they use a dishwasher for? 8. How does an electric can opener work? 9. Why is it convenient to use... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read the text and answer the questions below. Procrastination – a difficult word that makes life difficult This word is not often used, and probably you’ve never come across it before, still a lot of people (including you may be) procrastinate every day of their lives. Longman dictionary gives the following definition: to procrastinate – to delay repeatedly and without good reason doing something that must be done. How often do you put off doing something? You... [читать подробенее]
Reading 4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them. Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour. Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people. If you are a determined and... [читать подробенее]
Ways to grow old and to stay young Keeping fit Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person... [читать подробенее]
CONVERSATION 2. Study the following dialogues. The first one is between Mrs. Smith and her younger son John. The second is between Mrs. Smith and a shop assistant. A. It’s Saturday morning and Mrs. Smith is going shopping. Mrs. S: John, I’m going to the shops. Is there anything you want? John: Yes, please! Can you pick up my magazine from the newsagent’s? Mrs. S: Of course. Do you want to come with me? John: No way, I’m going round to... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences with some of them (5-10) Tasks RHYTHM Text 2 THE LANGUAGE OF LITERATURE: Every language has rhythm as a result of its prosodic features. These features, especially stress and pauses, are used not only to emphasize, express emotion, and signal grammatical units but also to make a pattern of strong and weak beats—a rhythm. The most precise rhythmic patterns are found in poetry, but... [читать подробенее]
Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of your own. Tasks POETRY Text 5 Express your own opinion of the content and expression-plane of the text. Discuss the text in class. Present a summary of the text. Use the vocabulary practiced in tasks 1 and 2 to make up situations of your own. Find the Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions. Make up sentences of... [читать подробенее]
1. Read these descriptions of different physical topologies of communication networks and match them with the terms in Key information section 4. 1 All the devices are connected to a central station. 2 In tin- type of network there is a cable to which all the computers and peripherals are connected. 3 Two or more star networks connected together; the central computers are connected to a main bus. 4 All devices (computers, printers, etc.) are connected to one another... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following abbreviations stand for? Choose the correct answer. 1.LAN a. local area network b. large area network 2.PAN a. private area network b. personal area network 3.MAN a. managed area network b. metropolitan area network 4.WAN a. wide area network b. wireless area network 5. VPN a. virtual private network b. virtual public network 6. GAN a. global area network b. great area network 7. WLAN a. wireless local area network b. wide large area network ... [читать подробенее]
1. What do the following stand for? 1. GUI a. graphic user interface b. graphical user interface c. graphical users interface 2. OS a. operating system b. operation system c. operating systematization 3. WIMP a. windows, information, menus, pointer b. windows, icons, memory, pointer c. windows, icons, menus, pointer 2. Decide which of the expressions below best describe a graphical user interface (GUI). user-friendly slow ... [читать подробенее]