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Психология Association cortex
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Ascribed characteristics

Aschematics in experiments

Artificial neural network

Area 17

Approach-avoidance conflict

Antagonist

Anonymity

Androgynous

Androgenital syndrome

Anchoring and adjustment

one of three types of heuristic which is based on the idea that people often make estimates, of probabilities among other things, by taking an initial value, or anchor, and adjusting it. See also availability, representativeness.

a biological condition resulting from female children receiving male hormones while in the womb. As infants they sometimes display male genitalia, usually surgically removed, but there is only very slight evidence for behavioural change as a result.

having the characteristics of both male and female. Bern showed that androgynous personalities were psychologically healthier than conventional 'masculine' or 'feminine' personalities.

in the study of crowds, the lack of identification of the individual which leads them to act in a less social or responsible way than they otherwise would.

a psychoactive drug that acts on the synapse between neurones and blocks the action of another drug

when a goal is attractive but also has some drawbacks, it often seems more attractive while it is a long way in the future, but less so the nearer it comes. A person may become torn between wanting to achieve the goal and wishing to avoid it.

architecture for cognition (ACT*)

a model which provides for a complete framework for the 'Adaptive Control of Thought'. The most recent model, ACT-R (Rational ACT) has a computer implementation that allows experimentation on how people learn to act and think.

the primary visual cortex.

a means of investigating learning in a way that is more 'brain-like' than traditional, symbolic, approaches, and which has many different possible types, each with different learning rules.

in self-concept formation, those people who do not possess a self-schema in a particular domain. See also schematics.

a system for analysing responses to the 'Who Am I?, which outlines 30 categ-ories of responses under eight broad headings referring to social identity elements. assimilation-contrast theory one of a variety of social cognition theories which suggests that when other people hold attitudes similar to our own we tend to exaggerate the similarity.

one of several areas in the frontal region of the brain, occupying the temporal, occipital and parietal lobes which receives information from sensory cortical areas as well as other association areas.


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  • - Association cortex

    Ascribed characteristics Aschematics in experiments Artificial neural network Area 17 Approach-avoidance conflict Antagonist Anonymity Androgynous Androgenital syndrome Anchoring and adjustment one of three types of heuristic which is based on the idea that people often make estimates, of probabilities among other things, by taking an initial value, or anchor, and adjusting it. See also availability, representativeness. a biological... [читать подробенее]