Психология At Work просмотров - 90
Read the following text and get ready to discuss it
Lesson 3 Psychology in action
Many of us are creative in our daily lives, in ways that impact us and those around us. Occasionally, someone makes a discovery or creates a work of art that changes our culture. Children from about age 4 to 7 are usually at a developmental stage where they are bursting with creativity. What makes some of us more creative than others?
All human brains are very much alike. However, some of us choose to use our resources, such as free time, in more creative ways. How your creativity manifests itself is based on your personality and life experience, your knowledge, the environment you work and play in, and your culture. You can influence or change these variables to increase your creativity. Everyone has creative potential. The following are suggestions for developing creativity in your life.
a) Read. Read anything that sparks your interest. If you have access to a library, use it. There are books on practically every topic you can imagine.
b) Become more curious. Look at the world around you with an open mind. Have you ever closely examined the leaves on a tree? Or taken apart an old radio or clock?
c) Try something new. Often people assume that they could never participate in certain activities – "I could never do that!" If you think you can't draw, but haven't tried since you were 10, or have never been taught how to draw, how do you really know?
d) Change your personal space. Make your home, or room, or car, an expression of yourself. If you feel comfortable and happy with your surroundings, you are more apt to be creative
e) Pay attention to your emotions. What makes you happy, sad, excited?
f) Make time to be creative, and vigilantly guard this time. Examine your daily routines to see if you can simplify or do away with anything to make more time for creativity. Often, simplifying routines is a creative act itself.
If you are trying to find solutions to a problem
a) define the problem on paper. This will make it clearer in your mind, and often this alone will bring to mind solutions.
b) Think of an opposite or really far-out solution to a problem, or turn the problem around: No one is paying attention to what I tell them vs. I'm not paying attention to what they say (I'm not communicating effectively).
c). Don't assume you know the best solution. Consider all types of solutions before settling on one.
d). Be willing to change your strategy along the way. New information or circumstances often require a change in plans. Flexibility is a key to creativity.
Система вопросов Глагол to be в Present Indefinite They come home late. Система вопросов The Present Indefinite (Simple) Tense (Простое) настоящее неопределённое время Present Indefinite употребляется для выражения обычного повторяющегося действия в настоящем, например: Я учусь в колледже. Мы... [читать подробенее]
The topic of work in the USA is an interesting one because the statistics don’t always agree with popular general impression about American workers and the American economy. I will try to reconcile these impressions with what we know from some recent statistics. To get you warmed up, let me give you a few questions to think about before I start the first point of our lecture today: Do you think most Americans work in factories that produce goods for domestic use and exportation? Do you think... [читать подробенее]
Unit III. Text A Your mobile phone won't stop ringing, your inbox is overflowing and deadlines are piling up. You're working longer hours and there seems no end to the increasing demands on you. Fed up and feeling undervalued and unappreciated, you struggle to remember why you liked your job in the first place. Sound familiar? Spend a reasonable amount of time in the lunchroom of many workplaces and chances are you will hear staff talking about feeling 'stressed out'. One reason for... [читать подробенее]
Read and translate the article. READING How much money do you think is spent on advertising by the hospitality industry each year? More importantly, how much of this money do you think is wasted? I believe about 80% of the advertisements I see for restaurants, hotels and other hospitality businesses contain flaws that render the exercise an expensive waste of time. Grab a copy of the hospitality supplement in your regional newspaper. Scan the pages the way you would when... [читать подробенее]
Read the text and be ready to answer the questions. ReadingWhen people work in groups, there are two quite separate issues involved. The first is the task and the problems involved in getting the job done. The second is the process of the group work itself: the mechanisms by which the group acts as a unit and not as a loose rabble. However, without due attention to this process, the value of the group can be diminished or even destroyed. It is this synergy which makes group work... [читать подробенее]
Read and translate the text. Perhaps one of the most important changes in the workplace in this century has been the development of communications. Communications have changed the very nature of work: the places we work, the way we work, and what we do. In my talk I would like to focus on the way that office communications have changed through time, and how workers have adapted to changes in technology. Over one hundred years ago, all documents were copied out by hand and office workers... [читать подробенее]
UNIT 10 Put a cross next to things you disagree with. Put an exclamation mark next to things yon think are strange. Then compare your opinions with a partner. Now look through the reading text again. Tick the things you agree with. Form questions of different types to the reading textWork in pairs. Read the text below about Steve, a male temp. Your partner will read about Michael, another male temp. Then talk to your partner, and find similarities and differences between Steve... [читать подробенее]
1. In a department of the Lebedev Physics Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences (FIAN) scientists from the quantum radiophysics laboratory have suggested the idea of laser-controlled thermonuclear fusion and obtained priority results in this field. Experiments in heating and condensing plasma to receive thermonuclear fusion are being conducted at one of the world's biggest laser thermonuclear installations "Delfin" (Dolphin). 2. The Institute carries out research in developing... [читать подробенее]
Cultivating Creativity Read the following text and get ready to discuss it Lesson 3 Psychology in actionMany of us are creative in our daily lives, in ways that impact us and those around us. Occasionally, someone makes a discovery or creates a work of art that changes our culture. Children from about age 4 to 7 are usually at a developmental stage where they are bursting with creativity. What makes some of us more creative than others? All human brains are very much alike.... [читать подробенее]