Психология Australia просмотров - 80
United States and Canada
Professional licensing and regulation
Read about professional licensing and regulation in different countries. Compare with the same in our country.
Lesson 14 Psychology in action
The American Psychological Association has issued a guideline that only those who hold a Ph.D. or Psy.D. degree in psychology or a closely related field should call themselves psychologists. This of course applies to both research psychology and applied psychology. Licensed psychologists, in virtually every jurisdiction and state in Canada and the U.S., are required to have obtained academic doctoral degrees (typically a Ph.D. or Psy.D.). These academic programs typically take four to six years of postgraduate work to complete and offer some combination of rigorous training in scientific research and clinical practice. As part of this training, students contribute to the body of scientific knowledge in the form of a dissertation. In this sense, the Ph.D. in professional psychology is a hybrid academic/professional degree (with a greater focus on academics related to clinical practice), and university programs in professional psychology are not only academic but are also training programs typically characterized by rigor and intensity. A Ph.D. psychologist is trained to be both a scientist and practitioner of the profession. Some psychologists have a professional degree in psychology (Psy.D.), which focuses more on clinical practice, and includes similarly rigorous coursework, supervised professional training, internship, and developing the ability to conduct and interpret academic research. The majority of Psy.D. programs also require a dissertation, which can include quantitative or qualitative research, theoretical scholarship, program evaluation or development, critical literature analysis, or clinical application and analysis.
The title 'psychologist' is also restricted by law. Use of the title is reserved for individuals registered with government regulated Psychologist's Registration Board in each state of Australia. Minimum requirements for registration is an approved four year bachelors degree majoring in psychology and either two years of further accredited study or two years of work supervised by a registered psychologist. In Western Australia, specialist title registration distinguishes between registered psychologists (four year trained), and specialist psychologists (with an approved Masters degree). Membership requirements with the Australian Psychological Society is higher than the individual state boards. Restrictions apply to all who want to use the title 'psychologist' in any of its forms. However, the terms 'psychotherapist', 'social worker', and 'counselor' is currently self-regulated with several organizations campaigning for government regulation.
Work Atwood has written thematically diverse novels from a number of genres and traditions, including speculative fiction and Southern Ontario Gothic. She is often described as a feminist writer, as issues of gender often (but not always) appear prominently in her work. Her work has focused on Canadian national identity, Canada’s relations with the United States and Europe, human rights issues, environmental issues, the Canadian wilderness, the social myths of femininity, representations... [читать подробенее]
Read and translate this text Practise reading the following words European, Latin, Greek, geologically, Southern Hemisphere, Timor Sea, Arafura Sea, Papua New Guinea, Torres Strait, Coral Sea Islands Territory, Great Barrier Reef, New Zealand, Tasman Sea, Tasmania, Central Lowlands, Eastern Highlands, New South Walles, Sydney, Victoria, Melbourne, Queen, Brisbone, South Australia, Adelaide, Western Australia, Perth, Hobart, Northern Territory, Darwin, Australian Capital... [читать подробенее]
Practice your active vocabulary. Read the text and translate the words given in brackets. V. OVER TO YOU Write a short composition on one of the topics mentioned in exercise 1 ( Practice and Experience). IV.WRITING Prepare a report on one of the above-mentioned topics. Notary is an impartial witness. 11. to take oaths, acknowledgements; 12. to witness affidavits; 13. to witness statutory declarations.3. Study article 40 of the Law on the... [читать подробенее]
UNIT 12 II. Retell the text I. Answer the following questions Ø Do American people differ from European ones? Ø What can you say about American character? Ø Do Americans gather cooking recipes? Why? Ø What is a Family Heirloom for Americans? Ø What does the action of flying a flag demonstrate? Ø What holyday do Americans prefer to celebrate at home? Ø Who are pilgrims? Ø When is Thanksgiving Day... [читать подробенее]
Commonwealth- содружество Settlement- поселение To explore- исследовать Democracy- демократия Bicameral- двупалатный Coral reef- коралловый риф Simultaneously- одновременно Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.... [читать подробенее]
Прочтите текст об Австралии с помощью словаря и задайте несколько вопросов Текст 8(c). Canadian English The English language was brought to Canada by English-speaking loyalists1 (settlers) from revolting American colonies. They formed the original population of Ontario and New Brunswick. In Canada English had to work its way through a thick accent, which might be Ukrainian, German, Estonian, Finnish, Norwegian,... [читать подробенее]
Andy Newman. Ex. 79. Look back at the list in Exercise 78 and make questions and answers about Questions and short answers Ex. 78. Andy Newman, the famous basketball player has retired from world-class basketball. Look at the list below. What things do you think he used to do? What do you think he still does? Examples: He used to run ten miles before breakfast. He still writes for Basketball Sports Magazine. Did she use to walk to school? Yes, she... [читать подробенее]
Part III. Supplementary reading Суффиксы имен существительных Образование Корень Суффиксы Производное Перевод write -er writer писатель construct -or constructor конструктор, деятель translate -ation translation перевод От глаголов develop ... [читать подробенее]
Australia PM Gillard begins task to build coalition North Korean leader Kim Jong-il pays visit to China Putin sacks Russian forestry chief over fires Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has sacked the head of the forestry agency for failing to deal adequately with the recent wildfires. The fires have destroyed hundreds of thousands of hectares of countryside, and shrouded Moscow in dense smog. Mr Putin replaced Alexei Savinov with his deputy, Viktor Maslyakov. However,... [читать подробенее]
The Royal Ontario Museum The Rushmore Memorial The Black Hills of South Dakota, the USA, are famous for the beauty of their nature. Here the Sioux Indians once lived. Here was the scene of the famous Black Hills gold rush and here, in modern times, stands the Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Its construction began in 1925. One famous American sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, was commissioned to carve on the Mount Rushmore the heads of the US Presidents: George Washington,... [читать подробенее]