Психология Conformity просмотров - 82
Concrete operational stage
Conceptual dependency (CD)
Complementary coloured after image
a phenomenon which occurs when the eye adapts to one colour (e.g. red) and then the gaze is shifted to an achromatic (e.g. grey) region, an after image of the complementary colour (e.g. green) is seen for a short time.
play which presents the child with challenges -opportunities to achieve results through overcoming difficulties or problems.
in group membership, the act of yielding to the will of others within the group. Conjunction fallacy in the method of anchoring and adjustment used in heuristics, the error of selecting a second statement without recognizing that everything that is both A and B must also be A. Acting in the same way as other people while actually having different personal beliefs or inclinations.
The part of Sternberg's triarchic model of intelligence which is concerned with, and consists of, mental processes and abilities.
a form of case grammar which aims to represent the key semantic concepts in language and to capture how these concepts depend upon each other.
the period from the ages of seven to eleven years during which children's processing capacity increases and they develop the use of memory encoding and retrieval strategies, becoming more aware of their own capabilities and limitations. The third of Piaget's four stages of cognitive development, characterised by a need to relate problems to real circumstances or events.
a method of assessing whether a psychometric test is valid (i.e. really measures what it is supposed to) by comparing it with some other measure which has been taken at the same time (i.e. which is occurring concurrently).
a form of reasoning that indicates that other types of a particular situation are possible.
a learned response which is produced to a conditioned stimulus.
the protection of the anonymity of a participant in a psychological study through the correct storage and published use of their data.
the expression of heuristics in a uniform way as sets of 'if...then' rules or ways of deciding what to do when the conditions for more than one production are satisfied.
the tendency, among young adults in particular, to adopt attitudes, styles of dress and behaviour patterns that are guided by peer pressure and the desire to belong to a group rather than by personal choice. Acting in the same way that other people are acting.
SOCIAL CONTROL Every culture, subculture, and group has distinctive norms governing what it deems appropriate behavior. Laws, dress codes, bylaws of organizations, course requirements, and rules of sports and games all express social norms. Functionalists contend that people must respect such norms if any group or society is to survive. In their view, societies literally could not function if massive numbers of people defied standards of appropriate conduct. By contrast, conflict... [читать подробенее]
Conflict-resolution strategy Confidentiality Conditioned response Conditional reasoning Concurrent validity Concrete operational stage Conceptual dependency (CD) Componential intelligence Compliance Complex play Complementary coloured after image a phenomenon which occurs when the eye adapts to one colour (e.g. red) and then the gaze is shifted to an achromatic (e.g. grey) region, an after image of the complementary colour (e.g.... [читать подробенее]