Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Психология Delinquency
просмотров - 148

Deliberate practice

Delayed inhibition

Deindividuation

Defensible space

Defence mechanism

Deductive reasoning

Decussation

Declarative memory

Debriefing

Darwinian fitness

Cultural context

Crystallized intelligence

one of the two most important general factors which influence performance across many tasks, referring to performance on well-learned and familiar tasks. See also fluid intelligence.

the total cultural environment within which a person develops. This includes unspoken assumptions, social values and beliefs, as well as cultural artefacts and lifestyles.

D

in the theory of evolution, the ability to reproduce successfully and leave descendants, a fact which is dependant upon particular attributes rather than physical health.

a session set up after completion of a psychological study, which explains the exact nature of that study to the subject, where this has not been possible at its commencement and where any use of deception during the experiment is revealed to them. Explaining the purpose of an activity and discussing what has happened in it, after the event.

a single form of memory embracing episodic and semantic components.

the crossing of nerve fibres from one side of the brain to the other.

reasoning from facts that are known or supposed to be true, to other facts that necessarily follow from them.

in Freudian psychology, a pattern of self-protective reaction employed by the ego in situations arousing distress or anxiety.

in environmental psychology, the individual's personalization of the particular area they inhabit and are familiar with and which they feel safe in. deficiency motives in self-actualization, those motives which reduce the personal needs lower in the hierarchy, such as reducing hunger and thirst and the need for obtaining security.

the process of losing one's personal identity and simply becoming part of a crowd.

the temporal equivalent of lateral inhibition, where responses are subtracted from a delayed copy of themselves so that unchanging stimuli are filtered out and only temporal changes are transmitted.

a form of acquiring a skill under close supervision, in which specific aspects of the skill are trained, as opposed to general play in which there is no such deliberate plan.

a type of reckless behaviour, particularly among adolescents, and sometimes influenced by hormonal changes, which often involves crime, underage drinking and sexual activity, and illegal drug use.


Читайте также


  • - Delinquency and body structimre

    After Lombroso's theory of born criminality was disproved, others continued to search for biological explanations of criminality. William Sheldon (1949) advanced the idea of body structure in terms of three general types: ectomorphs, who were tall, thin, and fragile; endomorphs, who were short, and fat; and mesomorphs, who were muscular and athletic. Sheldon noted that no one conforms exactly to any of these pure types. Rather, he thought the average person shows some combination of body types,... [читать подробенее]


  • - Delinquency

    Deliberate practice Delayed inhibition Deindividuation Defensible space Defence mechanism Deductive reasoning Decussation Declarative memory Debriefing Darwinian fitness Cultural context Crystallized intelligence one of the two most important general factors which influence performance across many tasks, referring to performance on well-learned and familiar tasks. See also fluid intelligence. the total cultural environment... [читать подробенее]