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Психология Depression
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Unit 20

Цель – формирование представлений студентов о депрессии, использование знания иностранного языка в профессиональной деятельности и профессиональной коммуникации.

Depression is an illness that affects both men and women. But people working in mental health services see far fewer men with depression than women with depression. It seems likely that men suffer from depression just as often as women, but that they are less likely to ask for help. This leaflet gives some basic facts about depression in general - and how it affects men in particular.

Why is it important?

Depression causes a huge amount of suffering. It is a major reason for people taking time off sick from their work. Many people who kill themselves have been depressed - it is a potentially fatal disorder. However, it is easily treatable and best treated as early as possible. Men need to know what it is and how to get effective help.

What's the difference between just feeling miserable and being depressed?

Everybody has times in their lives when they feel down or depressed. This is usually for a good reason and does not last for a long time or take over your life. However, if these feelings go on for a long time, or become very severe, you may find yourself stuck, utterly unable to get out of the depression. This is what doctors call a depressive illness. Some people suffer from manic depression (also called Bipolar Affective Disorder). They have periods of bad depression, but also times of great elation and overactivity. These can be just as harmful as the periods of depression.

What are the signs and symptoms?

If you are depressed, you will probably have several of these signs and symptoms:

Psychological Symptoms:

· Unhappy, miserable or depressed. These feelings just won't go away. These feelings will often be worse at a particular time of day, often first thing in the morning.

· Unable to enjoy anything

· Unable to concentrate properly

· Guilty about things that have nothing to do with you

Physical Symptoms:

· Unable to get to sleep, waking early and during the night

· Uninterested in sex

· Unable to eat

· Losing weight

Other people may notice that:

· You are performing less well at work

· You seem unusually quiet, unable to talk about things

· You're worrying about things more than usual

· You're more irritable than usual

· You're complaining more about vague physical problems

EXERCISES

I. Answer the following questions on the text:

1. What is depression?

2. Who oftener suffers from depression men or women?

3. Why is it important to treat depression?

4. What are the symptoms of depression?


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