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Психология Drive theories
просмотров - 133

Dramaturgical approach

Double opponent cell

Docility

Dissonance

Disembedded thought

Discussion

Discrimination

Directional selectivity

Direct perception

Digit memory span

Diffusion of responsibility

the idea that people feel less obliged to take action when there are other people present who could do so and are therefore just as responsible for what happens.

the number of items that a person can repeat accurately from a list of digits (letters or numbers) which is read to them only once. Most people can remember about seven, but it is normal for digit memory span to be anywhere between five and nine. Digit memory span is thought to correlate with intelligence. Since digit span test often form a component of intelligence tests, this may be very surprising.

an approach to vision, sometimes called ecological perception in which features of the stimulus are thought to correspond directly to features of the world, without the need for inference or high level knowledge of the world.

a property of many visual neurones in which the neurone responds better to some directions of stimulus motion than to others.

the skill of distinguishing one stimulus from another, usually learned through selective conditioning.

the part of research report in which the researcher explores the possible meaning and implications of the results obtained from the study.

Thinking which is not applied in any meaningful context, but is just as a separate, distinct task with no relevance to the real world.

theory in the study of attitude functions, the suggestion that people are motivated to attend to and prefer information that is consistent with their current attitudes rather than information that is inconsistent (i.e. dissonant).

among humans, the genetical trait of non-reciprocal altruism and acceptance.

a type of visual cell found, for example, in the lateral geniculate nucleus, that has a complex receptive field showing inhibition both between different wavelengths and different positions.

an approach used in the explanation of behaviour in social situations, where social life is seen as a metaphor for stage performance, with individuals selecting the roles and scripts to be played.

Theories of human motivation which explain why we do things, using the idea that our behaviour is directed towards reducing some inner need. The need then sets up an internal tension, and the desire to reduce this tension forms a pressure to act (the drive) which is only reduced when the need becomes satisfied.


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  • - Drive theories

    Dramaturgical approach Double opponent cell Docility Dissonance Disembedded thought Discussion Discrimination Directional selectivity Direct perception Digit memory span Diffusion of responsibility the idea that people feel less obliged to take action when there are other people present who could do so and are therefore just as responsible for what happens. the number of items that a person can repeat accurately from a list of... [читать подробенее]