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Психология Lesson 3. APPROACHES TO PSYCHOLOGY
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Processes, acquire, experiments, laboratory, be applied, involves, mind, to be misled, investigation.

1. Psychologists are interested in learning about the human … but they know how easy it is … into being certain about things which are not really true.

2. That … has to happen very systematically and in a scientific manner.

3. Psychologists investigate psychological … , such as how we … language, or how we remember things.

4. Some psychologists use … , either in the … or in real life.

5. Psychology can … in many ways, and in many contexts.

6. Studying psychology … learning about psychological research and also about how psychology can be applied.

19. Work in pairs. Find out from your partner:

- if he/she knows what psychologists are interested in;

- if he/she knows what psychologists investigate;

- whether he/she knows why psychological methods are systematic and scientific;

- whether he/she knows why there are many things psychologists are simply not permitted to do.

20. Prove that:

- the study of psychology is rather different;

- psychologists are very careful about the research methods they use;

- professional psychologists operate under strict ethical constrains.

21. Imagine that:

- you are a professional psychologist. What methods do you use and why?

- you are a member of ethics committee. What methods will you forbid and why?

1. Read the following words and memorize them:

approach (n) [B'prou5] подход
huge (adj) [hju:7] огромный
contribute (v) [kBn'trNbju:t] делать вклад (в науку и т.д.)
conduct (v) [kBn'dHkt] вести, проводить
environment (n) [Nn'vaNBrBnmBnt] окружение, окружающая среда
concern [kBn'sB:n] касаться, иметь дело; заниматься, интересоваться; беспокоиться
interpret (v) [Nn'tB:prNt] толковать, объяснять
interaction (n) [NntBr'WkGn] взаимодействие
unique (adj) [ju: 'ni:k] единственный в своем роде, уникальный
aware (v) [B'wDB] знать, осознавать

2. Read these international words and try to guess their meaning:

interpret, unique, interest, social, potential, specialize, experiment.

3. Read out these expressions several times till you remember them:

internal psychological process – внутренний психологический процесс;

cognitive development – познавательное развитие;

behaviourist approach – бихевиористский подход;

cognitive approach – познавательный подход;

biological approach – биологический подход;

social approach – социальный подход;

developmental approach – развивающий подход;

special potential – особый потенциал;

mental process – умственный процесс;

genetic make-up – генетический код, наследие.

4. Match the English words and their Russian equivalents:

1. approach a. окружение, окружающая среда
2. contribute b. полезный
3. interaction c. различный
4. specialize d. единственный в своем роде, уникальный
5. conduct e. потенциал
6. potential f. вести, проводить
7. unique g. специализироваться, приспосабливаться к особым условиям
8. various h. взаимодействие
9. useful i. делать вклад
10. environment j. подход

5. Combine the words with the help of preposition of:

1. understanding a. mental processes
2. different ways b. interest
3. sense c. psychology
4. areas d. human beings
5. study e. looking at things
6. knowledge f. the world

6. Give the comparative and the superlative of the following adjectives if possible:

huge, useful, great, interesting, unique, cognitive, big, developmental.

7. Give the three forms of the following verbs:

cover, contribute, interpret, see, tell, look, give, change, regard, become.

8. Give the plural form of the following nouns:

subject, area, approach, interest, method, interaction, world, process, knowledge.

9. Give the synonyms of the following words:

huge, to become aware, acquire, occur, various, fun, interact, uncover, to use.

10. Write the derivatives of the following words:

research, to contribute, to conduct, to specialize, to live, society.

11. Look through the given words. Then read their definitions and match the words with their definitions: