Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Производство Molluscan Shellfish farming
просмотров - 326

Lesson 9

1. Read the words:

conchyliculture

subsistence

Ostreidae

Mytilidae

Pectinidae

Veneridae

metamorphose

2. Master the active vocabulary. Cover the left column and translate the Russian words back into English.

mussels – мидия

larva - личинка

substrate - основа

mesh bag - сетчатый мешок

gastropods брюхоногие моллюски

filter-feeding organism - фильтратор, фильтрующее животное

bivalves двустворчатые моллюски

tridacna тридакна ( род двухстворчатых моллюсков )

3. Read and translate the text.

a) Analyze the meaning of the suffixes: -ly, -less, -able.

b) Find words formed with these suffixes in the text and translate them.

c) Give your own examples.

Mollusc aquaculture principally involves shellfish farming. The French term ‘conchyliculture’ is recent, dating from the mid 20th century.

This is a form of marine aquaculture, apart from fresh water mussels (raw material for nuclei of pearls), and is also a form of subsistence aquaculture in Asia. Groups of species reared include: Ostreidae (oysters), Mytilidae (mussels), Pectinidae (scallops), and Veneridae (clams).

The industry is closely tied to biological cycle of the cultivated species: in most molluscs, the supply of juveniles relies on natural settlement. At the stage when larvae metamorphose they develop a need to settle onto a substrate. Putting out specialised collectors provides the larvae with a suitable substrate for settlement, and thus captures the young shellfish for growers to rear. This young shellfish “spat” will then be put in/on growing structures adapted to the species (e.g. oysters in mesh bags) or sown on ground plots. Hatcheries are another sources of shellfish spat, as controlled reproduction is possible with some species.

Cultivated mollusc species are either grazing gastropods or filter-feeding bivalves. For the latter, food is supplied in the natural environment by the first level of the food chain, the phytoplankton.

Another form of shellfish farming exists that does not aim to produce protein but another type of product; this is pearl oyster farming. Finally, a new kind of culture that is developing is that of decorative shellfish (tridacna or ‘giant’ clams), which are used to decorate aquariums when alive and whose shells are collector’s objects when the animals are dead

4. Put down the nouns. Translate the words. Find a word different from others.

Model: to drink– drinker; пить – пьющий

To store - _____________; ______________ - _____________________

To freeze - ____________; ______________ - _____________________

To use - ______________; _______________ - _____________________

To contain - ___________; _______________ - _____________________

5. Combine the given adjectives (A) with the proper nouns (B). Translate them.

A B
young marine growing grazing filter-feeding pearl oyster fresh water the first level new   structures kind aquaculture farming shellfish gastropods bivalves mussels  

6. Put down the English for:

тип продукта _______________________________

икра устриц или других моллюсков _____________

культивированный вид моллюсков ______________

естественная среда ___________________________

офрмлять аквариум ____________________________

разведение устриц, мидий и других ракушек _______

7. Pair work. Speak about Molluscan Shellfish farming.


Читайте также


  • - Molluscan Shellfish farming

    Lesson 9 1. Read the words: conchyliculture subsistence Ostreidae Mytilidae Pectinidae Veneridae metamorphose 2. Master the active vocabulary. Cover the left column and translate the Russian words back into English. mussels – мидия larva - личинка substrate - основа mesh bag - сетчатый мешок gastropods брюхоногие моллюски filter-feeding organism - фильтратор, фильтрующее... [читать подробенее]