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Образование C) Collocation.
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B) Comparing the semantic field.

A) Vocabulary exchange.

The level of lexis.

The Language of Translation


Main points:

1. The level of lexis.

2. Sentence level.

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The legacy of the linguistic approach in the study of translation can be summarised as an emphasis on the study of the source and target languages scientifically as independent languages, and rarely investigating translated texts in their own right. We study translation data which is the field of studying the language of translation. This lecture mentions a number of levels, topics and methodological points which can be investigated in the course of studying translation.

Five points can be made about the study of the language of translation at the level of lexis.

It is a process of re-lexification of a word or an expression in a text by the use of another language. The lexical item from another language must be accepted as a translation of the original by a bilingual person.

The semantic field is a scope of meaning, determined by physical or social context and concepts delimitations, whole content is filled by a number of words in a given language. In a physical field like colours, or social field like kinship relations or military ranks, the terms, words, have a complementary distribution (додатковий) at the lexical level. The intralingual relations within one field do not coincide with those of another language. Comparing a semantic field in the source language and the TL can be used to help the translator to get optimal approximation to an interpretation in a new language. The study of the semantic field in the language of translation will provide the researcher with an area which may show translation-specific features.

Collocation is the habitual association or occurrence of lexical words in a given language. The convention of vocabulary choice, or co-occurrence is at stake (ставити на карту) in the study of collocation in the source language, the translated text and the target language. The use by the translator of words outside the norms of use will result in strange word associations, and incomprehensible stretch of words, or even ungrammatical structures.

Collocations in translated text can be studied to discover the “inevitable” use of strange collocation. Here, as in the case of the semantic field, collocation provides the researcher with an area to test the present hypothesis about the interlingual nature of the language of translation.