Менеджмент DIALOGUE просмотров - 109
III. ORAL PRACTICE
1. Read the dialogue and act it out:
Ukrainian:It would be helpful to know what does franchising refer to?
Englishman:I’m quite sure that franchising refers to the methods of practicing and using another person's philosophy of business.
Ukrainian:What can you say about historic grounds of franchising?
Englishman:It seems to one surprising thatfranchising dates back to at least the 1850s; Isaac Singer, who made improvements to an existing model of a sewing machine.
Ukrainian:That is why it is imperative to know aboutmodern franchising?Englishman:It should be remembered that modern franchising came to prominence with the rise of franchise-based food service establishments.
Ukrainian: By the way, can you name pioneers ofthis business?
Englishman:As far as I remember in 1935, Howard Deering Johnson teamed up with Reginald Sprague to establish the first modern restaurant franchise.
Ukrainian: Well and what does franchise agreement usually specify?
Englishman:It should be stressed that the franchise agreement is a standard part of franchising. The franchise agreement is a fluid document, crafted to meet the specific needs of the franchise. But due diligence, there are elements commonly found in every agreement.
Ukrainian: It is especially significant to understand the legal peculiarities of franchising.
Englishman:Yes, in the United States, franchising falls under the jurisdiction of a number of state and federal laws.
Ukrainian: What would you say touching upon this problem in Great Britain?
Englishman:In the United Kingdom, there are no franchise-specific laws; franchises are subject to the same laws that govern other businesses.
Ukrainian: I see. Could you give examples of franchise chains?
Englishman:It is beyond doubt that in regard to contemporary franchise chains, McDonalds is the most successful worldwide with more restaurant units than any other network.
2. Read the dialogue, translate the Ukrainian remarks into English and act it out:
Foreigner: I would like to stress that the term "franchising" is used to describe business systems.
Ukrainian: Так, безсумнівно, але треба пам’ятати, що ринок в Україні відстає від світових стандартів торгівлі. Сучасний франчайзинг має історичне коріння.
Foreigner: As far as I remember, franchising dates back to at least the 1850s.
Ukrainian: Дійсно, угода по франчайзингу зазвичай визначає дану галузь, над якою францайзeр зберігає виключний контроль?
Foreigner:Yes, at the same time, a franchise agreement will usually specify the given territory the franchisee retains exclusive control over.
Ukrainian: A як щодо сучасних форм франчайзингу?
Foreigner: Generally speaking, modern franchising came to prominence with the rise of franchise-based food service companies.
Ukrainian: Безумовно. Певно, ці компанії зараз мають найбільші торговельні мережі у світі?
Foreigner:Based on the worldwide experience one may note that the progress fast food restaurants, diners and motel chains exploded.
Ukrainian: Ви маєте рацію. Можна стверджувати, що прогрес в цьому виді бізнесу має і Україна.
Foreigner: It would be helpful to know that McDonalds is the most successful worldwide units of franchise network.
Ukrainian: Хочу зазначити, що сфера діяльності цієї компанії в Україні є досить розвиненою.
Foreigner:I’d like to stress that, franchise contracts form a unique and ongoing relationship between the modern business parties.
3. Make up a dialogue on the following:
• Legal aspects of modern franchising.
• Сontemporary franchise chains all over the world.
Complete the following sentences Say whether the following statements are true or false Find these Pacific Islands on the map and name the capitals of the countries American Samoa (United States), Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Fresh Polynesia (France), Guam (United States), Kiribati, Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia (France), New Zealand, Northern Mariana Islands (United States), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom),... [читать подробенее]
Complete the following sentences Say whether the following statements are true or false 1. Europe is smaller in size than Australia. 2. The Atlantic Ocean washes the western coast of European continent. 3. The continent’s southern boundary runs along the Ural Mountains. 4. Europe can be divided into several distinct physiographic regions. 5. The Sierra Nevada and Pyrenees mountains are situated in the west of the continent. 6. Rivers of the first group drain... [читать подробенее]
Answer the following questions Where is South America situated? What is the area? the population of the continent? How is the continent joined to North America? What mountain range forms South America’s western edge? What is the Pampas? What are the major river systems of South America? Where are most of the lakes situated? What is unusual about Lake Titicaca? How can South America be divided according to the climatic regions? How does the Peru Current influence... [читать подробенее]
Translate into English Complete the following sentences Fill in the blanks with the suitable words from the text Say whether the following statements are true or false 1. The earth is unusual among the planets of the Solar System because water can exist in all three states: liquid, solid and gas. 2. Some planets of the Solar System have oceans. 3. The world ocean covers more than 98 per cent of the earth’s surface. 4. The deepest parts... [читать подробенее]
Translate into English Ask questions to which these sentences are the answers Fill in the blanks with the suitable words from the text Say whether the following statements are true or false 1. Galaxy is a great star system. 2. Our own galaxy, the Milky Way, is classified as an elliptical galaxy. 3. Seventeen galaxies of a supergalaxy are concentrated within a radius of about one million kilometeres. 4. The Solar System consists of the... [читать подробенее]
Read the report. Underline 7 expressions of likelihood. Then complete the brief memo to your Head Office outlining the main points in the report. Include comment on the likelihood for the 7 points in the report. Use different expressions to those in the report. Here is an outline for your memo. Exercise 9. A team of seismologists and civil engineers visits the site of a major road bridge, damaged in an earthquake. Together they produce a report on the likelihood of further damage being... [читать подробенее]
1. You have come to Britain to obtain information about radio and television broadcasting . Prepare questions to ask the British colleagues. 2. You are British specialists working in broadcasting. Get ready to speak about how you operate radio and TV channels. 9. Role-play. Read the following joke and dramatise it with your group. Newsboy: “Great mystery! – Fifty victims! Paper, sir?” Passer-by: “Here, boy, I’ll take one” (after reading a moment) “Say, boy, there is... [читать подробенее]
Ex. 2. Answer the questions. Discussion 1. What changes have occurred in London's docklands and why? 2. Explain the following: developments, planners, Green Belt, sleep rough. 3. Find three factors which contribute to the problem of people without homes. 4. Where do some families without homes live?Dialogue: “A visit to an American house” Mr. Garrett: Let me show you your room, Sasha. You’ll sleep in the guestroom on the ground floor. Here is your room and your bathroom... [читать подробенее]
Dialogue 1 UNDERCARRIAGE FAILURE AND DELAY Dialogue 2 Dialogue 1 ENGINE FAILURE AND FUEL PROBLEMS Dialogue 2 Transmission FIRE ON BOARD Dialogue 3 Dialogue 2 PIL: Sunair 593, we’ve just had to dive to avoid colliding with converging traffic. СТL: Do you have any details? Did you see the type or the markings? PIL: It was a white jet, that’s all we know. CTL: Do yon wish to file an airmiss report? PIL:... [читать подробенее]
Dialogue 1 Transmission Exercise 5 Exercise 4 Translate into Russian: Bomb scare on board. We have almost collided with converging traffic. Explosion danger on board. We have dived to avoid colliding with another traffic. We seem to have a bomb on board. There appears to be a bomb on board. We don’t know anything about the type of bomb. Request priority landing. Request emergency services. There is danger of explosion on board. We are going to file... [читать подробенее]