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Компьютеры ADDITIONAL READING
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Give possible reasons for the circumstances in which the police might do the following (based on your own country or your own experience). Some of the things are not mentioned above. Guess their meaning or use a dictionary if necessary.

Exercises

Other types of policing

Police, traffic wardens, etc.

VOCABULARY EXTENSION II

Choose one of the nouns you found in exercise 1.3. to complete each of these sentences.

1) The ................... is read out to the accused at the beginning of a trial.

2) The magistrates can choose the most appropriate penalty at their own ………………..

3) Some people consider ………………. of others' rights as being as serious a crime as theft.

4) Many rules relating to employment are set by ........................

5) The trial was criticised by many as a ...................... of justice.

Look at this extract from an information leaflet for students coming to study and live in an English-speaking country. Note the collocations.

For some traffic offences (1) you have to pay a fixed penalty (2), and this may be an on-the-spot fine (3). Parking tickets (4) for illegal parking are issued by police and/or traffic wardens. If there has been an accident, the police may ask drivers to take a breathalyser (5) test and to make a statement (6) at a police station. Police have limited stop-and-search (7) powers. Surveillance cameras (8) operate in many public areas. A police officer cannot normally enter your home against your wishes without a search warrant (9).

(1) offence is a formal word for an illegal action

(2) fixed sum payable for a particular offence

(3) fine payable at the time and place that you commit the offence

(4) papers placed on driver's windscreens fining them for illegal parking

(5) an instrument which you blow into that shows if you have consumed alcohol recently

(6) say what happened and sign a copy of it

(7) power to stop people and search them in the street

(8) cameras that record everything that happens

(9) official permission from a judge or magistrate to search your house

Name Definition
security forces often a name for the army and police together enforcing the law
plain clothes/ undercover police police who do not wear uniform
paramilitary police police who are more like soldiers than civilian police officers
drug squad police specially trained to fight the illegal drug trade
anti-corruption squad police specially trained to discover and fight bribery/corruption

1) carry out spot checks on lorries 6) set up a roadblock

2) charge someone with drink-driving 7) publish a photofit picture

3) tap someone's telephone 8) ask you to make a statement

4) use their powers of stop and search

5) carry out a surveillance operation on someone's house

2.2. What do we call…

1) a police officer who does not wear uniform?

2) a police force that are more like soldiers than police officers?

3) police officers engaged in combating bribery in public institutions?

4) the official paper you sometimes find stuck on your windscreen when you park illegally?

5) the police unit that fights against the illegal drug trade?

6) the police and army considered as a single body?

Article 1


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