Компьютеры HUMAN RIGHTS просмотров - 51
70:9.1 Nature confers no rights on man, only life and a world in which to live it. Nature does not even confer the right to live, as might be deduced by considering what would likely happen if an unarmed man met a hungry tiger face to face in the primitive forest. Society's prime gift to man is security.
70:9.2 Gradually society asserted its rights and, at the present time, they are:
1. Assurance of food supply.
2. Military defense -- security through preparedness.
3. Internal peace preservation -- prevention of personal violence and social disorder.
4. Sex control -- marriage, the family institution.
5. Property -- the right to own.
6. Fostering of individual and group competition.
7. Provision for educating and training youth.
8. Promotion of trade and commerce -- industrial development.
9. Improvement of labor conditions and rewards.
10. The guarantee of the freedom of religious practices to the end that all of these other social activities may be exalted by becoming spiritually motivated.
70:9.3 When rights are old beyond knowledge of origin, they are often called natural rights. But human rights are not really natural; they are entirely social. They are relative and ever changing, being no more than the rules of the game -- recognized adjustments of relations governing the ever-changing phenomena of human competition.
70:9.4 What may be regarded as right in one age may not be so regarded in another. The survival of large numbers of defectives and degenerates is not because they have any natural right thus to encumber twentieth-century civilization, but simply because the society of the age, the mores, thus decrees.
70:9.5 Few human rights were recognized in the European Middle Ages; then every man belonged to someone else, and rights were only privileges or favors granted by state or church. And the revolt from this error was equally erroneous in that it led to the belief that all men are born equal.
70:9.6 The weak and the inferior have always contended for equal rights; they have always insisted that the state compel the strong and superior to supply their wants and otherwise make good those deficiencies which all too often are the natural result of their own indifference and indolence.
70:9.7 But this equality ideal is the child of civilization; it is not found in nature. Even culture itself demonstrates conclusively the inherent inequality of men by their very unequal capacity therefor. The sudden and nonevolutionary realization of supposed natural equality would quickly throw civilized man back to the crude usages of primitive ages. Society cannot offer equal rights to all, but it can promise to administer the varying rights of each with fairness and equity. It is the business and duty of society to provide the child of nature with a fair and peaceful opportunity to pursue self-maintenance, participate in self-perpetuation, while at the same time enjoying some measure of self-gratification, the sum of all three constituting human happiness.
Используйте географические названия в аналогичном прогнозе погоды WEATHER GUIDE 1. Europe today Scandinavia will have heavy showers or longer spells of rain. A cold front from Finland to the Baltic states and into the eastern Alps will bring rain and thunderstorms, followed by much cooler air. South-eastern Europe will be warm with sunshine. Most of central and western Europe will be fine and dry with sunny spells, but there... [читать подробенее]
Fill the blanks with the derivatives of the words in brackets. Translate these points. Substitute the words in italics with the words from the text. 6. International human rights law is considered a post-World War II fact. 7. The United Nations was set up by 51 countries committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security. 8. The United Nations has six nation bodies. 9. The Universal Declaration is the first comprehensive human... [читать подробенее]
TEXT 1 Read the text to understand what information on international and regional programs on human rights is of primary importance or new for you. What do you know about international and regional organizations and their programs on human rights. Prove that these organizations play an important role in the life of humanity. I. WARMING-UP Express your thoughts on the subject. V. OVER TO YOUa) How do you understand the term “humanity” in... [читать подробенее]
Read the text to understand what information is of primary importance or new for you. Is. Explain in other words what racial minority is. In groups, make lists of the examples of the human rights violation. Make a report concerning factors during the world history which influenced the promotion of human rights. In pairs, discuss the main reasons to maintain human rights. Compare your opinions with other students. Unit 2 Human Rights Protection... [читать подробенее]
Read the text to understand what information on the European Convention on Human Rights is of primary importance or new for you. TEXT 2 I. LEAD-IN Decide in what cases your rights can be protected due to the Human Rights Act. Discuss these cases with your groupmates. -Someone is told at work that he (she) cannot wear a turban or sari even though it is a part of his (her) religion. -Someone has a relationship with a senior person at work and is dismissed, because... [читать подробенее]
III. PRACTICE AND EXPERIENCE Translate these sentences. Справа Кемпелл і Коданс проти Сполученого Королівства (1982). У цій справі матері скаржників скаржились на застосування тілесних покарань як дисциплінарного заходу в державних школах Шотландії, які відвідували їхні діти. В заявах... [читать подробенее]
TEXT 1 Read the text to understand what information on the beginning and development of law-international cooperation in the field of human rights is of primary importance or new for you. Match the following English words and expressions with their I. WARMING-UP IV. WRITING Ask your partner. 1. Using information from the Internet sites (e.g. ) make a presentation (under 150 words) on: - International organizations; - International treaties. V. OVER TO... [читать подробенее]
Task 1. Vocabulary Revision. Insert the words ‘freedom of’ or ‘right to’ into the following word combinations. 1 ____________________ speech 2 ____________________ liberty 3 ____________________ information 4 ____________________ equality before the law 5 ____________________ a nationality 6 ____________________ religion 7 ____________________ education Task 2. Read the text and fill in the table. Human Rights People and their rights and freedoms shall be supreme... [читать подробенее]
HUMAN RIGHTS B. Here are the objectives of the International Criminal Court. Answer the questions below. Kofi Annan A. Read the following speech of Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General. Make up four questions, ask your partner to answer them. 8. Rome Statute of the INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT ‘In the prospect of an international criminal court lies the promise of universal justice. That is the simple hope of the vision. We are close to its... [читать подробенее]
70:9.1 Nature confers no rights on man, only life and a world in which to live it. Nature does not even confer the right to live, as might be deduced by considering what would likely happen if an unarmed man met a hungry tiger face to face in the primitive forest. Society's prime gift to man is security. 70:9.2 Gradually society asserted its rights and, at the present time, they are: 1. Assurance of food supply. 2. Military defense -- security through preparedness. 3. Internal peace... [читать подробенее]