Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Компьютеры PRECAUTIONS
просмотров - 262

Heat Stroke

Heat Exhaustion

Heat Cramps

HEAT CASUALTIES

Your chances of becoming a heat casualty as a survivor are great, due to injury, stress, and lack of critical items of equipment. Following are the major types of heat casualties and their treatment when little water and no medical help are available.

The loss of salt due to excessive sweating causes heat cramps. Symptoms are moderate to severe muscle cramps in legs, arms, or abdomen. These symptoms may start as a mild muscular discomfort. You should now stop all activity, get in the shade, and drink water. If you fail to recognize the early symptoms and continue your physical activity, you will have severe muscle cramps and pain. Treat as for heat exhaustion, below.

A large loss of body water and salt causes heat exhaustion. Symptoms are headache, mental confusion, irritability, excessive sweating, weakness, dizziness, cramps, and pale, moist, cold (clammy) skin. Immediately get the patient under shade. Make him lie on a stretcher or similar item about 45 centimeters off the ground. Loosen his clothing. Sprinkle him with water and fan him. Have him drink small amounts of water every 3 minutes. Ensure he stays quiet and rests.

A severe heat injury caused by extreme loss of water and salt and the body's inability to cool itself. The patient may die if not cooled immediately. Symptoms are the lack of sweat, hot and dry skin, headache, dizziness, fast pulse, nausea and vomiting, and mental confusion leading to unconsciousness. Immediately get the person to shade. Lay him on a stretcher or similar item about 45 centimeters off the ground. Loosen his clothing. Pour water on him (it does not matter if the water is polluted or brackish) and fan him. Massage his arms, legs, and body. If he regains consciousness, let him drink small amounts of water every 3 minutes.

In a desert survival and evasion situation, it is unlikely that you will have a medic or medical supplies with you to treat heat injuries. Therefore, take extra care to avoid heat injuries. Rest during the day. Work during the cool evenings and nights. Use a buddy system to watch for heat injury, and observe the following guidelines:


Читайте также


  • - Precautions

    OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS SLV-252 EE VHS Video Cassette Recorder SONY Read the text below, find attribute chains and translate them. Make the written translation of the text. ЦЕПОЧКИ СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНЫХ LANGUAGE NOTES Цепочкой существительных называется два или более существительных, следующих в предложении подряд без предлогов... [читать подробенее]


  • - PRECAUTIONS

    Heat Stroke Heat Exhaustion Heat Cramps HEAT CASUALTIES Your chances of becoming a heat casualty as a survivor are great, due to injury, stress, and lack of critical items of equipment. Following are the major types of heat casualties and their treatment when little water and no medical help are available.The loss of salt due to excessive sweating causes heat cramps. Symptoms are moderate to severe muscle cramps in legs, arms, or abdomen. These symptoms may start as a... [читать подробенее]


  • - Match the possible accidents that could happen at home with the precautions that could be taken.

    Imagine that you are looking after children. They require your immediate attention. Using the list of words and the useful expressions below say what you would do and in what order to avoid accidents. Read the dialogue below. Then close your books and discuss under what circumstances parents should or should not give their children toys. Parent A: It makes children so happy when they are asked to choose the toy they like most. I think giving them the opportunity to... [читать подробенее]


  • - Match the possible accidents that could happen at home with the precautions that could be taken.

    Imagine that you are looking after children. They require your immediate attention. Using the list of words and the useful expressions below say what you would do and in what order to avoid accidents. Read the dialogue below. Then close your books and discuss under what circumstances parents should or should not give their children toys. Parent A: It makes children so happy when they are asked to choose the toy they like most. I think giving them the opportunity to... [читать подробенее]


  • - Precautions

    ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-15 KLE500-B1 Wiring Diagram KLE500-B1 Wiring Diagram Special Tools and Sealant ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-13 Special Tools and Sealant ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Specifications ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-11 Item Standard Service Limit Falling Temperature From ON to OFF @108°C (226°F) &... [читать подробенее]