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История Discussion.
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PART 2.

Text-based tasks.

PART 1.

1) Text-based questions.

1. What is the main document of the USA? 2. When was the Constitution of the USA signed? 3. How many Amendments have been added to the Constitution since 1787? 4. What does the Constitution proclaim? 5. What powers is the federal government given? 6. Where is the federal government located? 7. Where is the legislative power vested? 8. How many members are there in the House of Representatives? 9. Who is the head of the executive power in the USA? 10. How often do the President's elections take place? 11. Who deals with foreign affairs in the USA? 12. What does the Bill of Rights guarantee?

2) What do these figures refer to?

1. 435

2. 11

3. 13

4. 4

5. 50

6. 26

7. 1777

8. 1959

9. 18

10. 1787

11. 14

3) Explain these words in English.

  1. Stripe – …
  2. To elect – …
  3. Rank – …
  4. Current – …
  5. Official – …
  6. War – …
  7. Branch – …
  8. Vote – …
  9. Term – …
  10. To abolish – …
  11. To grant – …
  12. Citizen – …
  13. To violate – …
  14. Amendment – …
  15. Veto – …

4) Make a crosswords based on the words from the text.

5) Find synonyms to these words in the text.

1. Significant

2. To pick up

3. To contain

4. Present day

5. Position

6. Issues

7. To alter

8. To guarantee

9. Inhabitant

10. Top manager

6) Underline all the irregular verbs in the text and give the three forms of them.

7) Translate this text from Russian into English.

Соединенные Штаты Америки.

На сегодняшний день, США — самая мощная и высокоразвитая страна в мире. Она расположена в центральной части Северной Америки. Ее западное побережье омывается Тихим океаном, а восточное — Атлантическим океаном и Мексиканским заливом.

США отделяется от Канады на севере 49-й параллелью и Большими озерами, от Мексики на юге — линией, проходящей вдоль реки Рио Гранде и через нагорные районы к Тихому океану. Общая площадь США — около 9 млн. квадратных километров.

Континентальная часть США состоит из возвышенностей и двух низменностей. Возвышенности — это Аппалачи на востоке и Кордильеры, расположенные на западе.

Между Кордильерами и Аппалачами находится Центральная низменность, которая называется прериями, и восточная низменность, называемая долиной Миссисипи. Главные реки США — Миссисипи, самая длинная река в мире (7 330 км), и Гудзон. Климат в США сильно отличается в разных частях страны. Самый холодный климат в северной части, где температура может опускаться до 40 градусов ниже нуля. На юге климат субтропический, летом температура повышается до 49 градусов.

Население Соединенных Штатов Америки составляет около 250 млн. человек. Большинство людей живет в городах, а население в сельской местности уменьшается.

В течение многих десятилетий США являются страной, куда приезжают люди, которые ищут убежище от преследований за политические и религиозные убеждения. Поэтому в Америке имеются представители практически всех рас и национальных групп. В стране живет около 25 млн. негров и чуть больше полумиллиона индейцев.

Столица США — Вашингтон. Он расположен в округе Колумбия. Вашингтон — красивый административный город, практически без промышленности. США — высокоразвитая индустриальная страна. В Кордильерах есть угольные шахты. Около Великих озер добывается железная руда. В США имеются богатые месторождения нефти на территории Калифорнии, в Техасе и других регионах. Штаты занимают одно из первых мест среди стран мира по добыче угля, железной руды, нефти.

В США высокоразвитая автомобильная промышленность. Не будет преувеличением сказать, что автомобили стали символом американского образа жизни. Машины, производимые такими компаниями, как "Форд" и "Дженерал Моторс", известны во всем мире. Автомобильная промышленность сосредоточена в Детройте и вокруг него. Кораблестроение развито вдоль побережья Атлантики и в Сан-Франциско. На северо-востоке и юге страны сосредоточена текстильная промышленность.

В США высокоразвитая система железных дорог. Здесь также находится одна из лучших в мире сеть автомобильных дорог. Их называют автострадами.

США — федеральное государство, состоящее из 50 штатов и округа Колумбия. В политической жизни страны всегда занимали ведущее место две основные партии: демократическая и республиканская. Во время выборов они всегда оспаривают президентство и большинство мест в конгрессе. Конгресс — высший законодательный орган страны. Он состоит из двух палат — палаты представителей и сената. Президент, избираемый всей нацией на 4 года, является главой государства и правительства.

8) Humor. Read, understand, and enjoy the humor =)

There were three restaurants on the same street. One day, one of them put up a sign said, "The Best Restaurant in the City. " The next day, the second restaurant put up a larger sign which said, "The Best Restaurant in the World. " On the third day, the smallest restaurant put up a small sign which said, "The Best Restaurant on this street. "

1) The “why”-questions. Provocative thinking.

1. Why does the American capital need a separate district for its location?

2. Why was is difficult for African-Americans to enjoy equal rights with the white population?

3. Why has it become possible for America to have an African-American president?

2) Research questions. Choose the issue that interests you most and search for more information. Prepare a report and deliver it to your classmates.

1. The Legislative Branch.

2. The Executive Branch.

3. The Judiciary Branch.

4. The President of the US.

5. The Constitution.

6. The Bill of Rights.

7. The Amendments to the Constitution.

8. House of Representatives.

9. Congress.

10. Elections in the US.

3) Here are the names of some notable presidents throughout the USA.

-) put the presidents in the correct order

-) explain what each of them is notable for

1. Thomas Jefferson

2. Abraham Lincoln

3. George Washington

4. Bill Clinton

5. Ronald Reagan

6. John Quincy Adams

7. Gerald Ford

8. Theodore Roosevelt

9. Richard Nixon

10. George H. W. Bush

11. Ulysses S. Grant

12. Barack Obama

13. Dwight D. Eisenhower

14. Franklin D. Roosevelt

15. John F. Kennedy

16. Harry S. Truman

4) Choose any two presidents of the USA and arrange a dialog between them.

5) If you decided to write a letter to American president, what would you write there? Write a 200-250 letter to the present American president.

6) Write a composition named: “The USA – country of diversities.”


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