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История Discussion.
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PART 2.

Text-based tasks.

PART 1.

1) Text-based questions.

1. What was the image of the world of the people in the 15th century?

2. Who sponsored the trip of Columbus to the new land?

3. What does “San Salvador” mean?

4. Why did Columbus call the people he saw “Indians”?

5. Who did America belong to before it gained independence?

6. When did the colonies decided to be independent from Britain?

7. How many original colonies were there in America?

8. What makes America an advanced country?

9. Is America bigger than China?

10. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

11. Who was George Washington?

12. What is the Capitol?

13. Is Washington D.C. a state?

14. What is the population of NY?

2) What do these figures refer to?

1. 1783

2. 1930

3. 3

4. 4000

5. 5

6. 1861

7. 1791

8. 8,2

9. 1492

10. 180

11. 830

12. 1960

13. 13

14. 1776

15. 15

16. 16

17. 17

18. 18

19. 1865

20. 20

21. 1991

22. 1800

23. 500

24. 37

3) Explain these words in English.

1. To discover - …

2. Voyage - …

3. Crucial - …

4. Humanity - …

5. To sail - …

6. Crew - …

7. Cliff - …

8. To recognize - …

9. Overseas - …

10. Steady - …

11. Follower - …

12. Inflation - …

13. Headquarters - …

14. Cosmopolitanism - …

15. Immigrant - …

4) Make a crosswords based on the words from the text.

5) Word-building. Create new words based on the one given in the table.

NOUN VERB ADJECTIVE
1. sail
2. recognise
3. entertaining
4. development
5. attract
6. believable
7. destiny
8. govern
9. final
10. population
11. grown
12. confusing
13. possession
14. employ
15. Cosmopolitan

6) Underline all the irregular verbs in the text and give the three forms of them.

7) Translate this text from Russian into English.

Соединенные Штаты Америки.

На сегодняшний день, США — самая мощная и высокоразвитая страна в мире. Она расположена в центральной части Северной Америки. Ее западное побережье омывается Тихим океаном, а восточное — Атлантическим океаном и Мексиканским заливом.

США отделяется от Канады на севере 49-й параллелью и Большими озерами, от Мексики на юге — линией, проходящей вдоль реки Рио Гранде и через нагорные районы к Тихому океану. Общая площадь США — около 9 млн. квадратных километров.

Континентальная часть США состоит из возвышенностей и двух низменностей. Возвышенности — это Аппалачи на востоке и Кордильеры, расположенные на западе.

Между Кордильерами и Аппалачами находится Центральная низменность, которая называется прериями, и восточная низменность, называемая долиной Миссисипи. Главные реки США — Миссисипи, самая длинная река в мире (7 330 км), и Гудзон. Климат в США сильно отличается в разных частях страны. Самый холодный климат в северной части, где температура может опускаться до 40 градусов ниже нуля. На юге климат субтропический, летом температура повышается до 49 градусов.

Население Соединенных Штатов Америки составляет около 250 млн. человек. Большинство людей живет в городах, а население в сельской местности уменьшается.

В течение многих десятилетий США являются страной, куда приезжают люди, которые ищут убежище от преследований за политические и религиозные убеждения. Поэтому в Америке имеются представители практически всех рас и национальных групп. В стране живет около 25 млн. негров и чуть больше полумиллиона индейцев.

Столица США — Вашингтон. Он расположен в округе Колумбия. Вашингтон — красивый административный город, практически без промышленности. США — высокоразвитая индустриальная страна. В Кордильерах есть угольные шахты. Около Великих озер добывается железная руда. В США имеются богатые месторождения нефти на территории Калифорнии, в Техасе и других регионах. Штаты занимают одно из первых мест среди стран мира по добыче угля, железной руды, нефти.

В США высокоразвитая автомобильная промышленность. Не будет преувеличением сказать, что автомобили стали символом американского образа жизни. Машины, производимые такими компаниями, как "Форд" и "Дженерал Моторс", известны во всем мире. Автомобильная промышленность сосредоточена в Детройте и вокруг него. Кораблестроение развито вдоль побережья Атлантики и в Сан-Франциско. На северо-востоке и юге страны сосредоточена текстильная промышленность.

В США высокоразвитая система железных дорог. Здесь также находится одна из лучших в мире сеть автомобильных дорог. Их называют автострадами.

США — федеральное государство, состоящее из 50 штатов и округа Колумбия. В политической жизни страны всегда занимали ведущее место две основные партии: демократическая и республиканская. Во время выборов они всегда оспаривают президентство и большинство мест в конгрессе. Конгресс — высший законодательный орган страны. Он состоит из двух палат — палаты представителей и сената. Президент, избираемый всей нацией на 4 года, является главой государства и правительства.

8) Humor. Read, understand, and enjoy the humor =)

Robert went to his lawyer and said, 'I would like to make a will but I don't know exactly how to go about it. 'The lawyer smiled at Robert and replied, 'Not a problem, leave it all to me.' Robert looked somewhat upset and said, 'Well, I knew you were going to take a big portion, but I would like to leave a little to my family too! '

Two lawyers arrive at the pub and ordered a couple of drinks. They then take sandwiches from their briefcases and began to eat. Seeing this, the angry publican approaches them and says, 'Excuse me, but you cannot eat your own sandwiches in here! ' The two look at each other, shrug and exchange sandwiches.

1) The “why”-questions. Provocative thinking.

1. Why was it difficult for Columbus to distinguish between the New World and India?

2. Why did the colonies want to gain independence?

3. Why is America so advanced in terms of economy and the level of life?

4. Why is NY so attractive?

2) Research questions. Choose the issue that interests you most and search for more information. Prepare a report and deliver it to your classmates.

1. Amerigo Vespucci and his role in the discovery of America.

2. Colonies in America.

3. Reasons for breaking up with the UK.

4. Great depression.

5. Involvement in WW I.

6. Involvement in WW II.

7. Alaska and Russia.

8. Immigration to America.

9. Indians, Native Americans.

10. African-American population and their rights.

3) Outstanding Events from the History of America.

Here are some hints on names, dates, and events that shaped America. Your task is to expand on them and prepare a report disclosing the event and its significance in the history of the USA.

1) Amerigo Vespucci

2) Mayflower

3) New England

4) Declaration of Independence

5) The Union and the Confederation

6) Cold War

7) Mount Rushmore

8) Silicon Valley

9) Apple

10) Neil Armstrong

11) September, 11

12) African-American President

4) Two great American cities were mentioned in the text.

Here are some more American cities. Explain what these cities are notable for.

1) Philadelphia

2) Boston

3) Dallas

4) Los Angeles

5) Las Vegas

6) Salt Lake City

7) Miami

8) San Francisco

9) Atlanta

10) Baltimore

11) Denver

12) Detroit

13) San Diego

14) Huston

15) Chicago

16) Memphis

17) Austin

5) Find out the toponyms (place names) that are taken to the USA from other countries.

6) Choose any two well-known personalities from the USA and arrange a dialog between them.

7) Write a review on any American film.

8) Write a composition named: “To Live in the USA – Will I Agree?”


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