Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

История Education in Russia
просмотров - 246

HIGHER EDUCATION

Specific character of modern life makes high demands of all our people, their inner world and their professional skills which are mainly determined by the level of their education.

In our state all its people have the right to education which is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Having got their secondary education in schools, lyceums or gymnasiums, they can enter any higher educational establishment.

The national system of higher education offers various forms of training specialists: full-time, part-time, extra-mural or correspon­dence and sandwich-course. Admission is both by the results of the entrance competitive examinations and the Uniform Graduation Examination.

In the Russian Federation there are over 2 200 higher educational institutions, including both public and non-public or commercial higher schools. They are divided into the following main types:

1) Arts and technical universities, academies, institutes and colleges which offer a wide range of disciplines.

2) Specialized educational institutions which concentrate on specific fields of knowledge.

Russia ranks now among the top 10 countries in the world according to the ratio of its students to the total amount of its population.

The Russian higher education is considered to be one of the best in the world due to:

1) High standard of education.

2) Solid theoretical base.

3) Stimulation of innovative processes by combining theoretical disciplines with scientific research.

4) Leading role in humanities and applied sciences.

5) Competitiveness of the Russian diplomas.

6) Cheaper fees compared to those in foreign universities and colleges.

The Russian graduates are today in great demand both at home and abroad. For example, thousands of the Russian graduates hold the highest posts and successfully work now in the Silicon Valley, the USA, in the field of new computer technologies.

Keeping to the best national traditions, the national system of higher education is being constantly modernized. Today Russia needs highly skilled and creative specialists, who not only meet the demands of science, up-to-date production and culture, but are capable to foresee the prospects of their further development.

That's why one of the most important educational objectives for today is to keep the high standard of the Russian education and increase our scientific potential to be highly competitive in the world.

Russia's oldest University

The State University of Moscow is one of the oldest in Russia. It was founded by the Decree of the Russian Empress Elizabeth on the 25-th of January 1755. From that time this day is celebrated as Students' Day in our country.

The University was named after its founder, the greatest Russian scientist Michael Lomonosov. At the very beginning there were only 3 faculties at the University: law, medicine and philosophy. Following the best traditions of the Russian education laid by Michael Lomonosov, the university became one of the best educational institutions both at home and abroad.

Nowadays the University of Moscow is the pride of our country. It ranks among the leading higher educational establishments of Europe and is one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Currently, the University comprises 26 faculties and 17 research institutes and centers which offer the following programs:

1) ВА/ BSc (Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science),

2) МА/ MSc (Master of Arts/Master of Science),

3) PhD/ ScD (Doctor of Philosophy/Doctor of Science).

It also has one of the country leading institutes for retraining and upgrading the teachers' skills.

Among its 9000 professors, teachers and researchers there are 125 Academicians of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 7000 holders of PhD or ScD Degrees and several Nobel Prize Winners. More than 50% of its researchers are involved in teaching.

Today the University enrolls over 28 000 students, about 5000 postgraduates and more than 1 500 foreign students from almost 100 countries of the world. Specialists' training is carried on within 500 curriculums in scientific, theoretical and applied aspects.

The academic year consists of 2 semesters. It starts in September and is over in June. Each semester the students take their terminals and exams.

The University library is one of the largest in the country. It has almost 9 million academic and scientific publications as well as one of the biggest and unique collections of manuscripts and rare books.

The students' life is full of various activities both during the term time and at vacations. At the students' disposal there are over 30 various sport sections, vocal and organ classes, students' theatre, dancing and opera studios, recreation centre and cinema, chamber orchestra and several museums.

A distinctive feature of the M. Lomonosov State University work is combining its academic work with extensive research. The University is closely cooperating with the leading international organizations and major educational centers of various countries.


Читайте также


  • - ТЕКСТ Б Mining and Geological Higher Education in Russia

    А) Выберите нужную форму глагола из приведенных в скобках. My name (is, was, am) Victor Sedov. I (is, am, was) seventeen years old. I (is, was?am) a first-year student of the mining college. Our college (is, are, was) in thе centre of the town. I (have, has, had) a lot of friends at the college. After the course of studies we (shall, will,are going to become mining engineers. My grandfather (were, was, will be) a mining engineer too. He... [читать подробенее]


  • - THE MEDICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

    Тема 3. Медицинское образование в России The Dialogue Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах: A Talk between Two Students B. – I want to introduce myself. I’m Boris and what’s your name? S. – My name is Sergei. Glad to meet you. Are you a student? B. – Yes, I am. I’m a first-year student of the Stavropol State Medical Academy, and what about you? S. – I’m a... [читать подробенее]


  • - MEDICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

    All establishments of higher medical education are financed and guided by the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation. Doctors of different specialties are trained at medical institutions of higher education, at medical universities and academies. There are also pharmaceutical academies, which train specialists in pharmacy. Medical institutions of higher education offer various faculties and specialties which an entrant may choose according to his or her abilities... [читать подробенее]


  • - HIGHER EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

    IV. READING III. SPEAKING Упражнение 1. Ответьте письменно на вопросы о Вашей учебе, используя слова и выражения из предыдущей части. 1. What is your name? 2. Where do you study? 3. When did you enter the University? 4. What year student are you? 5. Which department do you study at? 6. What is your speciality? 7. How often do you have lectures and practical classes? 8. When do your... [читать подробенее]


  • - Possible change in the system of secondary education in Russia.

    D) Prepare a 3-minute talk on one of the great teachers of the past or today, give reasons for your choice. EXERCISES I. a) Transcribe and learn to read the following words: machines, appreciate, humanity, vital, challenge, individual, awareness, ignorance, fearful, boredom, medium, accept, routine, stimulating, variety. b) Study Texts A and В and explain the meaning of the words and word combinations listed below: think privately, the most vital job, a rewarding, job, a... [читать подробенее]


  • - Education in Russia

    HIGHER EDUCATION Specific character of modern life makes high demands of all our people, their inner world and their professional skills which are mainly determined by the level of their education. In our state all its people have the right to education which is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Having got their secondary education in schools, lyceums or gymnasiums, they can enter any higher educational establishment. The national system of higher education... [читать подробенее]


  • - Unit 1. Modern system of higher education in Russia

    Диаграмма междисциплинарного пособия по английскому языку В формируемое таким образом единое поле профессиональных знаний и умений магистрантов входят указанные когнитивные компоненты, развивающиеся на основе иностранного языка. Отметим также, что если... [читать подробенее]


  • - Unit 1. Modern system of higher education in Russia

    Диаграмма междисциплинарного пособия по английскому языку В формируемое таким образом единое поле профессиональных знаний и умений магистрантов входят указанные когнитивные компоненты, развивающиеся на основе иностранного языка. Отметим также, что если... [читать подробенее]


  • - Unit 1. Modern system of higher education in Russia

    Диаграмма междисциплинарного пособия по английскому языку В формируемое таким образом единое поле профессиональных знаний и умений магистрантов входят указанные когнитивные компоненты, развивающиеся на основе иностранного языка. Отметим также, что если... [читать подробенее]


  • - Higher Education in Russia

    Read the following text and answer the questions. In the contemporary world the importance of human capital as a significant contributor to national wealth suggests that the education system is evaluated as a meaningful factor in the development of the quality and quantity of economic and social growth. The Russian system of education is considered by many, both inside and outside of Russia, to be the best education system in the world. Unfortunately some aspects of education in Russia are... [читать подробенее]