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История Notable Figure
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Follow-ups.

Discussion.

PART 2.

1) The “why”-questions. Provocative thinking.

1. Why does art inspire the human spirit?

2. Why did art really develop only in the late 18th century?

3. Why did New York replace Paris as the center of the art world after WW II?

4. Why was it only after the Declaration of Independence signed that the American national identity started to flourish?

5. Why were most of the early American painters self-taught?

6. Why was it so significant to show how much property a subject owned while painting a portrait?

7. Why would the Hudson River School be so important in American art history?

8. Why would controversy become a way of life for American artists at the turn of the XX century?

9. Why would Harlem Renaissance be a significant development in American art?

10. Why would Roosevelt’s New Deal produce such an impact on art?

11. Why did an "everything going on" syndrome prevail in the art of the XX century?

2) Research questions. Choose any movement in American art mentioned in the text and search for more information. Prepare a report and deliver it to your classmates. Be sure you follow the following plan:

-) the name of the movement

-) names of artists that represent it

-) the characteristic features

-) visual examples

3) Make a list of Top 5 Museums in America and say what they are notable for.

The Factfile.

Read the text, retell it and prepare a similar overview of any other artist in American history.

Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol, with Archie, 1973

Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives. It is the largest museum in the United States of America dedicated to a single artist.

Warhol's artwork ranged in many forms of media that include hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was a pioneer in computer-generated art using Amiga computers that were introduced in 1985, just before his death in 1987. He founded Interview Magazine and was the author of numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. Andy Warhol is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement. His studio, The Factory, was a famous gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons.

Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame". Many of his creations are very collectible and highly valuable. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is US$100 million for a 1963 canvas titled Eight Elvises. The private transaction was reported in a 2009 article in The Economist, which described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market". Warhol's works include some of the most expensive paintings ever sold.

Read the text and decide whether the critics in Russia is similar to the one in the US.


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