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История Popular sports
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Media abroad

Radio and TV

It is impossible to overestimate the role of TV and radio today. They not only entertain people, they are their teachers and advisers, real friends and partners.

Radio holds one of the leading positions among the greatest achievements of mankind. Invented in the XIX century by Alexander Popov, an outstanding Russian inventor, it has laid the basis for all further developments and improvements in the radio engineering field.

Radio became one of the major sources of information for millions of people all over the world. It allows many people in far away countries to be in the know and follow all the events that are going on in the world.

Television opened up a new era in the development of the media. It was invented at the end of the XIX century and made a sensation.

Today TV is an integral part of our life. No medium can compare with it as a means of information, education and entertainment. However many people think that television has both advantages and drawbacks.

On the one hand, it's not only a convenient source of information and entertainment, but also a cheap one. We can see various fdms, listen to music, political discussions, watch football matches, different sport competitions, etc. We learn much about all current events in our country and abroad, the latest achievements in science, technology, the greatest discoveries, etc.

On the other hand, television begins to dominate in our lives, making many of us a bit passive. There are some other disadvantages: poor quality of some programs, their harmful effect on many people, especially children, a lot of boring advertizing, etc.

There are many arguments for and against television. But we must realize that TV itself is as good or bad as we make it.

The Britons are one of the biggest newspaper reading nations in the world. And maybe because of this, there are lots of various papers in this country. There arc about 130 daily and Sunday newspapers, over 2 thousand weekly and some 7 thousand periodical publications in Britain.

The daily circulation of some newspapers in the United Kingdom is over 15 million copies.

All British newspapers are of two types: broadsheets or quality papers and tabloids or popular papers. The first are mainly designed for educated people. They include the latest news and comments, a wider range of articles, often written by professionals concerning business or advertising, arts or sport reviews, etc. The major daily broadsheets in the UK are the Times, the Guardian, the Independent, the Daily Telegraph, the Financial Times and some others. The Sunday papers are the Sunday Times, the Observer, the Sunday Telegraph and others.

The British populars comprise brief news reports, sensational stories, many photos and materials designed to entertain their readers. Among the most known British tabloids there are: the Daily Mirror, the Sun, the Today, the Daily Express, the Daily Mail, the Daily Star and some others.

The major papers: 12 national morning and dailies (5 of them — qualities and 7 — populars) and 9 Sunday papers (4 of them -qualities and 5 — populars) are available in most parts of Britain.

All newspapers in the UK are mostly owned by large publishing companies or individuals. They are financially indepen-dent and are free to comment on matters of public interest. All the main news come first of all from the world known News Agency "Reuters" and some others. <

British broadcasting has been based on the principle that it is a public service. Following 1950 legislation, it is also embracing the principles of competition and choice.

Three public bodies are responsible for TV and radio in Britain:

1) The BBC (the British Broadcasting Corporation — TV and radio).

2) The ITC (Independent Television Commission licensing and regulating non — BBC TV services including cable and satellite).

3) The Radio Authority licensing and regulating all non — BBC radio.

Tlie USA press plays an important part in the lives of most Americans. There are over 9 000 various daily and weekly papers in the country. The local papers are more popular compared to the national ones.

Most daily papers are rather broadsheets than tabliods. They comprise the New York Times (ranked as the world's top daily), the Los Angeles Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the Chicago Tribune and some others. Among the favourite tabloids there are such as: the Daily News, the San Francisco Examiner, the Baltimore Sun and many others.

In contrast to newspapers, many US magazines are national and international. The widest circulation journals are the Reader's Digest and the Time.

Almost all American newspapers get their news from the world largest News Agency the Associated Press.

The media in Canada have always been of the greatest importance in creating the national identity. In this context, the CBC (the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) has been of the highest service.

Of the hundreds of the Canadian newspapers which are published in the country, there are several papers and magazines that are circulated and read nation — wide. They are the Globe & Mail, the Toronto Star, the Hill Times, the Horizon, the Canadian Free Press and the weekly journal "Macleans", the monthly magazine "Saturday Night" and some others.

Being committed to the principles of multiculturalism, Canada has got many papers and magazines published in various languages: Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Italian, etc.

The Australian Press and that of New Zealand and Ireland play an important role in these countries people life too.

Among the major Australian newspapers there are the most important dailies: The Sunday Morning Herald, The Age, The Australian Financial Review, The Guardian Weekly and the monthly magazine The Independent, etc.

In New Zealand the following newspapers have the greatest circulation: The Press, Kiwi News, the New Zealand Herald, the Sunday News, the NewsRoom, the Dominion Post, New Zealander, the Up, the Leader, etc.

The major newspapers of Ireland are The Belfast Telegraph, The Examiner, The Irish News, The Irish World, The Liberty, The Kingdom.


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    III. II. I. Media abroad Radio and TV It is impossible to overestimate the role of TV and radio today. They not only entertain people, they are their teachers and advisers, real friends and partners. Radio holds one of the leading positions among the greatest achievements of mankind. Invented in the XIX century by Alexander Popov, an outstanding Russian inventor, it has laid the basis for all further developments and improvements in the radio engineering field. ... [читать подробенее]