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Иностранные языки Each Man Is a Creator of a Temple Called the Human Body
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Exercise 3

Exercise 2

Exercise 1

Vocabulary Exercises

Topical Vocabulary

Healthy Living

Called Human Body

Each Man Is a Creator of a Temple

Unit 6

Writing

Write an essay on one of the following topics:

1. The problems of modern cities.

2. The place I’d like to visit.

3. The city of my dream.

healthy lifestyle

to be in good health

to feel well

balanced diet

nutritious food

to have regular meals

to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables

to avoid junk food

proteins

fats

vitamins

minerals

to be overweight

to go on a diet

to stay slim

regular exercises

to do morning exercises

to go swimming

to quit smoking / to give up smoking

to cope with stress

to be in good shape

regular medical checkups

здоровый образ жизни

иметь хорошее здоровье

чувствовать себя хорошо

сбалансированная диета

питательная пища

регулярно принимать пищу

кушать много фруктов и овощей

избегать нездоровой пищи

протеины

жиры

витамины

минœералы

иметь избыточный вес

сесть на диету

оставаться стройным

регулярные упражнения

делать зарядку

заниматься плаванием

бросить курить

справляться со стрессом

быть в хорошей форме

регулярные медицинские обследования

Consult the dictionary and translate the following words and word combinations:

to feel well, to be in good health, to be physically fit, healthy environment

clean water, fresh air

to sleep well, to have / to get a good night's sleep, to have eight hours of sleep

preventing injuries and diseases

stress

tension

breathe fresh air, do exercises

sport, physical education

drug addiction, alcoholism, smoking, AIDS

balance of work and rest, healthy food

natural therapeutics, preventive medicine

blood vessels

to be hooked on aerobics, shaping, stretching and bodybuilding

sport facilities

to strain the muscles

flexibility, stamina

mobility exercises

to tone the muscles and relieve tension

Fill in the necessary prepositions:

to be hooked … aerobics, to cope … stress, to give … smoking, to be … good health, to go … a diet, to eat plenty … fruit and vegetables.

Match the words from two columns to make up word combinations:

to strain

to relieve

to breathe

to avoid

to give up

to cope with

to prevent

smoking

stress

tension

fresh air

junk food

injuries

the muscles

Translate into English the following word combinations:

здоровый образ жизни

сбалансированная диета

кровеносные сосуды

быть стройным

иметь лишний вес

сесть на диету

тонизировать мышцы

справляться со стрессом

To begin with I'd like to comment on the metaphor which compares our body to a magnificent temple. In fact, it is a hundred percent true. A human body is a perfectly organized creation with millions of blood vessels. It has an extremely powerful engine that pumps gallons of blood every day. A human brain is a fantastic mind machine. It contains around 100 billion cells, equal to the number of stars in the Milky Way.

Nowadays people are getting more and more concerned about the food they eat, about the air they breathe and the way they look and feel. They begin to comprehend that staying active as you get older gives you more energy and helps to stay off illness. Nowadays we are offered a wide range of sport facilities to achieve general fitness.

From my own experience I can say that some of my friends are simply hooked on aerobics, shaping, stretching and bodybuilding. I must admit that a professional sportsman is always a pleasure to look at: he doesn't smoke or drink alcohol; he keeps to a healthy diet avoiding junk food and always takes regular hours.

Absolute beginners should start with some basic mobility exercises to get them moving. All sports should be made a part of a weekly routine. Regularity and moderation are two basic rules. However, we shouldn't forget that it might be appropriate to get the doctor's approval before. In fact everybody chooses an activity that appeals more to him.

From my point of view, swimming is an excellent exercise. It doesn't strain the muscles as the water supports the body weight. It also helps flexibility, stamina, and heart and lung capability. Cycling is wonderful for balance. In fact you can practice it both indoors and outdoors on a stationary bike.

Yoga is also an ideal option. It's mostly due to the fact that both your body and your mind benefit from yoga classes, as it tones the muscles and relieves tension.

I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that recent research shows that just an hour's brisk walk every day maintains perfect fitness and wards off such diseases as asthma, arthritis, back aches and insomnia.

As a teenager I'd say that the greatest way to combine pleasure and fitness is dancing. Pretty much like jogging it is one of the best ways to boost heart, muscles and lungs. It improves self-control and coordination. Doctors say that a twenty minutes session will give the heart a safe level of protection.

So all these exercises combined with healthy food will inevitably provide a person with a healthy body and a peace of mind.

Exercise 1

Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

человеческое тело, миллионы кровеносных сосудов, быть помешанным на аэробике, придерживаться здоровой диеты, оставаться активным, ослаблять давление, качать кровь.

Exercise 2

Complete the sentences:

1. A human body is …

2. Nowadays people are getting more and more concerned about …

3. Nowadays we are offered …

4. Absolute beginners should…

5. The greatest way to combine pleasure and fitness is …

Exercise 3

Answer the questions:

1. What can we compare our body with? Why?

2. What is a human body?

3. What things are people getting more and more concerned about nowadays?

4. Why is a professional sportsman a pleasure to look at?

5. Why is swimming an excellent exercise?

6. Why is yoga an ideal option?

7. Why is dancing the greatest way to combine pleasure and fitness?

How to Improve Your Mental Health

Enjoying oneself is not the goal of mental health. It is a by-product of mental health. Gaining mental health does not mean complete freedom from everyday problems. This is not realistic, not possible. What mental health involves is the ability to cope with problems while keeping a good psychological balance.

How can you go about improving your mental health? There is no single easy answer. Still, there are some things you can do to promote your mental health. A number of important ones are listed below.

Set realistic goals for yourself, then achieve them.

Practice being alone without outside distractions. Learn to be comfortable with yourself.

Identify your good qualities. Be proud of them and of yourself.

Make the most of your physical appearance.

Be yourself. Express yourself openly and honestly.

Recognize and face your fears, guilts and hostilities. Accept these as part of being human.

Try to see the value in both good and bad emotional experiences.

Practice sharing your feelings with others.

Build friendships by giving and accepting affection.

Join in family, club, or other group activities. Share goals and values.

Maintain your physical health.

Accept responsibility for what and who you are and for what you do.

Develop worthwhile skills.

Take advantage of opportunities for new experiences. Learn to enjoy good experiences.

Learn from both successes and failures. Make full use of all your experiences.

When someone upsets or annoys you, try to put yourself in that person's place.

Allow yourself to be pleased with what you are and excited about what you are becoming.

Ask for help when you feel you could use it. Understand that accepting help may be good for the person who helps you as well.

Recognize that nobody's perfect, including yourself.

Exercise 1

Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

ставить перед собой реалистичные цели, гордиться собой, признавать свои страхи, разделять ценности, брать на себя ответственность, ставить себя на место другого человека.

Exercise 2

Complete the sentences:

1. Gaining mental health does not mean …

2. What mental health involves is …

3. Accept responsibility for …

4. Recognize and face …

5. Learn from both …

6. When someone upsets or annoys you…

Exercise 3

Answer the questions:

1. Is mental health important for us?

2. What does it mean to gain mental health?

3. How can we improve our mental health?

Discussion

Do you agree or not? Comment on the following statements.

1. Health is the first and greatest of all blessings.

2. Having good health is very different from only being not sick.

3. Walking is the best possible exercise.

Role play


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