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Иностранные языки FUTURE FORMS
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Dates

Other cases

Telephone numbers

Years

NUMERALS

THE PLURAL OF NOUNS

DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES

The positive degree – the comparative degree – the superlative degree

Synthetic forms 1.dark – darker – darkest hot – hotter – hottest 2.clever – cleverer – cleverest simple – simpler – simplest narrow – narrower – narrowest heavy – heavier – heaviest 3.po`lite – po`liter – po`litest 4.good – better – best well bad – worse – worst badly old – older – oldest elder – eldest far – farther – farthest further – furthest little – less – least many – more – most much Analytical forms 1.`famous – more/less `famous – most/least `famous 2.quietly – more/less quietly – most/least quietly But: early – earlier– earliest 3. difficult – more/less difficult – most/least difficult  

МНОЖИНА ІМЕННИКІВ

  1. a book + -s – books a table + -s – tables
  2. a book + -s – books a table + -s – tables
  3. a class + -es – classes a box + -es – boxes a dish + -es – dishes a match + -es – matches
  4. a family + -es – families a day + -s – days
  5. a tomato + -es – tomatoes But: photos, pianos, kilos, kimonos, solos, sopranos, dinamos
  6. a wife + -s – wives a shelf + -es – shelves But: chiefs, handkerchiefs, roofs, proofs, safes
  7. a man – men a woman – women a foot – feet a tooth – teeth a goose – geese a mouse – mice a louse – lice a child – children an ox – oxen a person – people
  8. a datum – data a phenomenon – phenomena a basis – bases a nucleus – nuclei a formula – formulae
  9. a boy-friend – boy-friends a man-of-war – men-of-war a son-in-law – sons-in-law a passer-by – passers-by a forget-me-not – forget-me-nots
  sheep, deer, fish, swine, fruit, hair
  news, wages, contents; billiards, dominoes, darts etc.
  pants, pyjamas, trousers, glasses, spectacles, scissors etc.
  clothes, goods, stairs, savings, arms, surroundings etc.

ЧИСЛІВНИК

Cardinal numerals (кількісні числівники)

· Simple (прості) 1-12; 100; 1,000; 1,000,000

· Derived (похідні)

1) 13-19 – -teen

Roots changed: three – `thir`teen; five – `fif`teen

2) tens – -ty

Roots changed: two – `twenty; three – `thirty; four – `forty; five – `fifty

· Composite (складені)

235 – two hundred and thirty-five

4,007 – four thousand and seven

1,694 – a (one) thousand six hundred and ninety-four

7,581,462 – seven million five hundred and eighty-one thousand four hundred and sixty-two

1800 – eighteen hundred

1675 – sixteen seventy-five

1905 – nineteen hundred and five (nineteen five)

8 0512 39 77 46 – eight, O [ou]/zero five one two, three nine, double seven, four six

Page twenty Chapter five Part two Room three Act one Size forty-two

Ordinal numerals (порядкові числівники)th

· Simple

- first, second, third

- – th

Roots changed: five – fifth, twelve – twelfth, nine – ninth

· Derived

Sixty – sixtieth

· Composite

Three hundred and sixty-fourth

17/9/1995 – the seventeenth of September nineteen ninety-five / September the seventeenth nineteen ninety-five

Fractions (прості дробі)

Numerator – cardinal

Denominator – ordinal

1/7 – one seventh 3/7 – tree sevenths ½ – a half (one half) ¼ –a quarter (one quarter) 1 ¾ – one and three quarters 3 4/5 – three and four fifths

Decimals (десяткові дробі)

35.204 – three five point two nought four

0.71 – (nought) point seven one

[ou] – telephone numbers – years – account numbers nought [no:t](Br.) / zero [`zierou] – decimals [nil] – football [lΛv] – tennis

СПОСОБИ ВИРАЖЕННЯ МАЙБУТНЬОЇ ДІЇ

will 1. The most common use of will is an auxiliary verb to show future time. It expresses a future fact or prediction. Tomorrow will be warm and sunny. What time will she be back? I'm sure you'll passyour exam. 2. Will (‘ll) expresses an intention or decision made at the moment of speaking. I’ll giveyou my phone number. Ring me tonight. I'll phone back later.
going to 1. Going to expresses future plans, intention or decision made before the moment of speaking. We're going to havea holiday in Sicily this summer. My daughter's going to studymodern languages at Bristol University. 2. We use going to when we can see that something is certain to happen. Look at those clouds. It's going to rain. Sheis going to havea baby.
Present Continuous The Present Continuous can be used to express a future arrangement between people. It is common with verbs such as go, come, see, visit, meet, have (a party), leave. It usually refers to the near future. Pat and Peter are comingfor dinner tonight. I am seeing the doctor in the morning. Sometimes there is little or no difference between a future intention (going to) and a future arrangement (Present Continuous). We're going tosee a play tonight. We're seeinga play tonight.
Present Simple 1. Present Simple expresses a future event as a part of fixed timetable or programme. The last train leaves at 11.30 He flies to London next Sunday. 2. We use Present Simple for future in adverbial clauses of time and condition. I’ll buy that novel when it comes out. If it rains tomorrow, we shan’t go to the forest.

ЛІТЕРАТУРА

1. Biology /P.M. Jaleel. – Kerala: (SCERT), 2004. – Режим доступу: http://www.pdftitles.com/book/684/kerala-biology – Назва з екрана.

2. Murphy, Raymond. English Grammar in Use. – Cambridge, 1988. – 328 p.

3. Thompson A. J., Martinet A. V. A Practical English Grammar. Exercises#1. Oxford University Press, 2010. – 185 р.

4. Thompson A. J., Martinet A. V. A Practical English Grammar. Exercises#2. Oxford University Press, 2010. – 200 р.

5. Верба Г. В., Верба Л. Г. Довідник з граматики англійської мови. – К.: Освіта͵ 1997. – 352 с.

6. Дроздова Т. Ю., Берестова А. И English grammar: Reference and Practice. – Санкт-Петербург: Химера, 2009. – 464 с.

7. Каушанская В.Л. Грамматика английского языка. Пособие для студентов педагогических институтов и университетов. – М., 2000. – 320с.

8. Каушанская В.Л. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка. – М., 2000. – 216с.

9. Саинова Д.3. Английский язык для студентов-биологов. – Издательство Казанського университета͵ 1985. – 205 с.

10. Шпак В. К. English for Everyday Communication – Київ, Вища школа, 2003. – 239 с.


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