Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.


Иностранные языки Text 2. Preparation and introduction of the presentation.
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What you do not say is at least as important as what you do say. Your body is speaking to your audience even before you open your mouth. Your clothes, your walk, your glasses, your expression its first impression as you enter the room.

Ø It is better to stand rather than sit when making the presentation;

Ø Be aware of and avoid any repetitive and irritating gestures;

Ø Be aware, that the movement of your body is one of your methods of control. When you move to or from the whiteboard, for example, you can move fast or slowly, raising or reducing the dynamism within the audience.

Ø You can stand still while talking or you can stroll from one side to side.

You should take into account the cultural matters that may affect your audience. Cultural differences are also seen in body language. The same gestures mean different things in different cultures.

It is important that your audience be able to hear you clearly throughout the presentation. If you turn away from your audience, you need to speak loudly. Try to vary your voice, it will be more interesting to your audience. You can vary your voice in at least three ways:

Ø Speed: speak normal speed, or faster, more slowly- and even stop, for gaining audience’s attention.

Ø Intonation: change the pitch of your voice.

Ø Volume: you can speak normal volume, loudly or quietly. These attract the attention and interest of the listeners.

Active vocabulary:

Be aware – помните

Repetitive and irritating gestures – повторяющиеся и раздражающие жесты

Raising or reducing –повышая или понижая

To gain audience’s attention – привлекать внимание аудитории

Change the pitch – менять уровень голоса

Task I. Study the types of presentations and try to match the presentation type (1-8) that people say in them:

Task II. Study the tips above and match each reason (1-10) to a piece of advice (a-j) below:

Task III. Answer these questions (for an individual work):

  1. Have you ever given a presentation?
  2. What type was it?
  3. In your experience, what makes a good / bad presentation?