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Иностранные языки Vocabulary Practice
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Ways to grow old and to stay young

Keeping fit

Physical fitness is a general state of good health, usually as a result of exercise and nutrition. Physical fitness can also be described as a condition that allows us to look, feel and do our best. Being fit helps us have more energy for work or studies throughout the day, and energy left over to enjoy our leisure time activities. It is also the ability to withstand stress and to carry on in circumstances where an unfit person could not continue.

Physical fitness involves the perform­ance of the heart and lungs, and the muscles of the body. And, since what we do with our bodies also affects what we can do with our minds, fitness influences to some degree qualities such as mental alertness and emo­tional stability.

Fitness is an individual quality that varies from person to person. It is influ­enced by age, sex, heredity, personal habits, exercise and eating practices. You can’t do anything about the first three factors. However, it is within your power to change and improve the others where needed.

Text 2

· Exercise keeps you young.

  • Eat for health.
  • Limit alcoholic drinks.
  • Smoking ages you prematurely.
  • Catch illness early when it can be treated.
  • Deal with stress.
  • Think young and keep you mind active.

w Verbs play, goand do

We use different verbs with different types of sports.

to play basketball/football/volleyball

to go jogging/skiing/swimming

to do karate/gymnastics/athletics

Play is often used with sports that are team games, or where we play with another person.

Go is often used for things done outside, and which we can do alone, especially for enjoyment and not in order to compete against people. These sports often end in –ing.

4. Work in pairs. Complete these collocations lists with either do, go or play.

a) _____ cycling wrestling
riding karate
swimming judo
skiing c) _____ tennis
jogging volleyball
b) _____ athletics basketball
gymnastics football

5. Express the following in one word.

health, involve, ability, illness, influence, alert, heredity, nutrition, premature

1 to have an effect on

2 have as a part or result

3 condition of the body or the mind

4 the passing on of qualities from parent to child in the cells of the body

5 the action or state of being provided with food

6 unhealthy state of the body

7 capacity or power (to do something physical or mental)

8 before the right or usual time

9 fully awake and ready to act

6. Match the words and collocations of similar meaning.

1 improve a influence
2 affect b disease
3 withstand c make better
4 continue d nutrition
5 allow e resist
6 eating f enable
7 illness g carry on

7. Match the words to their opposites.

1 healthy a stop
2 continue b sleepy
3 withstand c inability
4 ability d ill
5 alert e give in/capitulate

8. Match the words to make phrases.

1 to improve a fit
2 to keep b illness
3 to treat c with stress
4 to deal d health

9. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.

fit, unfit, shape, nutrition, illness
  1. A serious ... has prevented him from working for a year.
  2. She keeps ... by jogging five miles every day.
  3. The magazine contained several articles about natural beauty, healthy ..., fitness and exercise.
  4. I realized how ... I was when I tried to run up the stairs.
  5. Carrie likes to keep in good ... and spends hours at the gym.


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