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Иностранные языки Vocabulary Practice
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Reading

4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them.

Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour.

Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people.

If you are a determined and strong-willed person you would never give in and behave coolly and calmly whatever happens in your life.

We treat different people in different ways. Sociable and friendly people are generally very popular with others and have lots of friends. On the contrary, tactless and hostile people are doomed to stay alone. When in trouble, we rely on people who can’t leave others in the lurch. What kinds of people deserve our respect? Most probably, reasonable, resolute, generous people. And a good friend is definitely a reliable person who is interesting to speak to – he must be witty and intelligent.

5. Give the English equivalents for the following Russian ones.

1. выносить суждение, складывать мнение

2. основанный на чем-либо

3. сдаваться

4. обращаться с людьми

5. пользоваться популярностью, успехом

6. быть обреченным на одиночество

7. иметь неприятности

8. полагаться на кого-либо

9. покинуть кого-либо в беде

10. заслужить уважение

6. Explain the meaning of the following words.

1 appearance outward qualities
2 personality the qualities that make up the whole nature or character of a particular person
3 trait distinguishing quality or characteristic
4 attitude way of feeling, thinking or behaving
5 impression the image or feeling a person or thing gives to someone’s mind
6 to treat to act or behave towards
7 to put up with smb/smth to bear patiently

7. Match the words with their definitions.

1 generous a too sensitive, easily hurt
2 sociable b full of humour
3 touchy c giving, ready to give
4 witty d made angry by small things
5 irritable e friendly; liking company

8. Match the words of similar meaning.

1 industrious a sensible
2 intelligent b clever
3 reserved c sociable
4 resolute d self-contained
5 callous d determined
6 reasonable e hard-working
7 outgoing f unkind

9. Match the words to their opposites.

1 intelligent a patient /tolerant
2 diligent b hostile
3 tactful c shy
4 outgoing d lazy
5 double-faced e ignorant
6 friendly f honest
7 irritable g tactless

10. Match the words to make phrases.

1 to ask a one’s temper
2 to deserve b for advice
3 to make c in the lurch
4 to behave d respect
5 to feel e a judgment
6 to lose f uneasy
7 to leave g coolly

11. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.

tactful, irritable, sure, trait, impression, qualities
  1. Henry was a typical Oxford man – well-mannered, easy-going, and very ... of himself.
  2. There was a ... in his personality that encouraged people to trust him.
  3. She gives the ... of being rather stiff and unfriendly, but I think that’s because she’s basically shy.
  4. My parents tried to be ... about my new boyfriend, but I knew they didn’t like him. `
  5. Besides intelligence and charm, Bella had some less desirable ... .
  6. I’m sorry I’m so ... today – I didn’t get much sleep last night.

12. Work with a partner. Discuss the following questions.


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