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Иностранные языки Listen to the text and answer the following questions.
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LISTENING

Match each word from the text with its synonym.

Fill in the words from the list below. Use each word only once.

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

engine, steam, mechanical, external, combustion, vehicle, chemical

1. air-breathing …..

2. internal ….. engine

3. original ….. engine

4. non combustive ….. reactions

5. useful ….. motion

6. engine-powered …..

7. ….. combustion engine

1. fluid a) power

2. engine b) apparatus

3. energy c) substance

4. motion d) car

5. matter e) motor

6. automobile f) liquid

7. device g) movement

6. Complete the following sentences using the information from the text:

1. A heat engine may also serve as …….

2. The term motor was originally used to …….

3. Motors can also be driven by …….

4. An engine or motor is a machine designed to …….

5. External combustion engines such as …….

6. Originally an engine was a mechanical …….

7. Molecular motors like myosins …….

7. Match up the words in column A with the words in column B to form meaningful phrases, translate them into Ukrainian:

Column A Column B

1. propulsion a) engine

2. electric b) field

3. mechanical c) system

4. working d) motor

5. steam e) motion

6. electromagnetic f) reaction

7. chemical g) fluid

8. Read the clues and complete the crossword:

                        1    
                             
            2               3
      4           5          
    6                        
          7                  
8                            
                             
9                            
                  10          
Across:
A machine that changes power, especially electrical power, into movement and is used for working other machines.
The act, way or process of moving.
A piece of equipment intended for a particular purpose.
A material that is used for producing heat or power by burning or by atomic means.
The chemical activity, usually in the presence of oxygen, that produces light and heat.
A piece of machinery with moving parts which changes power from steam, electricity, oil, etc., into movement.
Down:
Something in or on which people or goods can be carried from one place to another, something that moves on wheels, such as a bicycle, car, bus, etc.
The force that can be used for doing work, driving a machine or producing electricity.
The power which can do work, such as drive machines or provide heat.
An instrument or apparatus which uses power, such as electricity, to perform work.
Water in the state of gas produced by boiling.

9. Pre-listening: match the words from the left column with their definitions from the right column.

1. train a) винахід
2. electrify b) збільшувати
3. locomotive c) паровий двигун
4. invention d) вимірювання
5. measurement e) елœектрифікувати
6. steam engine f) локомотив
7. increase g) потяг

1. Who invented the first steam engine for trains?

2. How did steam engines help the progress?

3. What speed did the first locomotive travel?

4. What was the Golden Age of Steam?

5. What replaced steam engines?

6. How fast can trains travel now?


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