Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Иностранные языки Of the Crime of Genocide under the Auspices of the United Nations
просмотров - 109

The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment

Read the extracts below and put them in correct order.

Make up word-combinations using the words from two groups.

Match the following synonyms and try to guess the differences in their meaning. Compose your sentences to illustrate the usage of these words.

Word Synonym from the text
breach purpose
international agreement violation
basic freedoms convention
aim resolution
decision obligation
commitment fundamental freedoms
statute, constitution to found
to create charter
Human agreement
international of speech and expression
Freedom of innocence
to preserve power
Universal organization
presumption declaration
Legal peace
enforcement rights

5. Genocide is defined as any of several kinds of act committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, as such. Among the prohibited acts are “killing members of the group,” ”causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group,” and “deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.”

6. “Imposing measures intending to prevent birth within the group” and “forcibly transferring the children of the group to another group” are also punishable as genocide, as is conspiracy and attempt to commit genocide and complicity in genocide.

7. The concept of genocide is closely connected with the principles applied after World War II by the International Military Tribunal that sat at Nuremberg and found some of the major German war figures guilty of crimes against humanity.

8. In the Genocide Convention of 1948 the contracting parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law, which they undertake to prevent and to punish.

11. Translate articles of the European Convention on Human Rights:

2. Смертна кара скасовується. Жодна людина не може бути засуджена до такого покарання або страчена .(Ст. 2 ).

3. Кожна людина, яка обвинувачується у вчинœенні кримінального злочину, вважається невинною до тих пір, поки її провину не буде доведено згідно закону. (Ст. 6).

4. Чоловік і жінка, що перебувають у шлюбі, мають рівні громадянські права і обов’язки у стосунках між собою стосовно одруження і його розірвання, а також у відносинах з їхніми дітьми. (Ст. 5 ).

5. Кожна людина має право залишити будь-яку країну, включаючи свою власну. (Ст. 2 ).

6. Кожна людина має право на свободу мирних зборів і свободу асоціацій з іншими, включаючи право створювати профспілки і вступати до них для захисту своїх інтересів. (Ст. 11).


Читайте также


  • - Of the Crime of Genocide under the Auspices of the United Nations

    The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment Read the extracts below and put them in correct order. Make up word-combinations using the words from two groups. Match the following synonyms and try to guess the differences in their meaning. Compose your sentences to illustrate the usage of these words. Word Synonym from the text breach purpose international agreement violation basic freedoms convention aim ... [читать подробенее]