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Иностранные языки Geography
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The United States of America



1. patron saint – заступник

2. crest – герб

3. shield - щит

4. unicorn - единорог

5. extinction - исчезновение

6. mammal - млекопитающее

7. survive - выживать

8. conquer - завоевывать

9. subdue - подавлять

10. peer - пэр

11. county - графство

12. descendant - потомок

13. mart - ярмарка

14. nobility - дворянство

15. palace - дворец

16. brass - латунь

17. cutlery - ножевые изделия

18. cling - держаться, удерживаться

19. metal-ware - металлические изделия

20. manufacturing – производство

21. vista – вид, перспектива

22. heyday – расцвет, лучшая пора

1. The UK is

a) Parliamentary republic. b) Constitutional monarchy. c) Federal state.

2. The UK’s flag is called

a) Union Commonwealth. b) Union Nations. c) Union Jack.

3. The UK national colors are

a) red, white and green. b) red, blue and green. c) red, blue and white.

4. Population of the UK is

a) more than 62,000,000. b) more than 52,000,000. c) more than 58,000,000.

5. Great Britain is situated off

a) the west coast of Europe. b) the south coast of Europe. c) the north of Europe.

6. The UK consists of

a) 2 parts. b) 3 parts. c) 4 parts.

7. The head of the state is

a) Prime Minister. b) Queen. c) Parliament.

8. Official language of the UK is

a) British. b) English. c) Gaelic.

9. The head of the government is

a) Parliament. b) Queen. c) Prime Minister.

10. The currency of the UK is

a) dollar. b) pound. c) euro.

11. London is more than

a) 1,000 years old. b) 2,000 years old. c) 3,000 years old.

12. The national bird of the UK is

a) Robin Redbreast. b) Blackbird. c) Bullfinch.

13. When flag flies from Victoria Tower

a) Parliament sits. b) Queen is at home. c) Prime Minister speaks.

14. Cardiff is the capital of

a) Scotland b) Wales c) Northern Ireland

15. The best- selling novelist of all time is

a) J.R.R.Tolkien. b) C.S. Lewis. c) Agatha Christie.

The USA is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the Southern part of the North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. In 1959 Alaska became 49th state of the USA. Alaska is America’s largest state, but very few people live there. The largest island, and the the most recent state to join the USA was Hawaii. Hawaii lies at the South-Eastern End of the chain and is almost twice at large as all other islands combined.

Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.He was a seaman and made many sea voyages to the New World. He was born in Italy but lived in Spain for a long time. There is a nice poem about him. The title of the poem is “Lets Remember Columbus”.

In fourteen hundred and ninety two

Columbus sailed the ocean blue…

Lets sing together this old song

About the voyage that took him long,

About the sailors, those strong brave men.

Lets sing and remember them all again.

The total area of the USA is about 9 and a half million square kilometers. The USA borders on Canada in the North and on Mexico in the South. It also has a sea-border with Russia.

The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia, a special federal area, where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated. The population of the country is more than 270 million.

If we look at the map of the USA , we can see lowlands and mountains. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley which is located in Alaska.

Part of the boundary between the USA and Canada is formed by four of the five Great Lakes. The largest of them is Lake Superior, which, as its name implies, is the highest above the sea. South of it is Lake Michigan, entirely in the United States territory. From the Lake Erie the Niagara River rushes over the famous Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario.

America’s largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio-Grande and the Columbia. The climate of the USA varies greatly. The coldest regions are in the North. The climate of the central part is continental. The South has a subtropical climate. The climate along the Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.

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