Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.


Иностранные языки Geography
просмотров - 269

The United States of America



1. patron saint – заступник

2. crest – герб

3. shield - щит

4. unicorn - единорог

5. extinction - исчезновение

6. mammal - млекопитающее

7. survive - выживать

8. conquer - завоевывать

9. subdue - подавлять

10. peer - пэр

11. county - графство

12. descendant - потомок

13. mart - ярмарка

14. nobility - дворянство

15. palace - дворец

16. brass - латунь

17. cutlery - ножевые изделия

18. cling - держаться, удерживаться

19. metal-ware - металлические изделия

20. manufacturing – производство

21. vista – вид, перспектива

22. heyday – расцвет, лучшая пора

1. The UK is

a) Parliamentary republic. b) Constitutional monarchy. c) Federal state.

2. The UK’s flag is called

a) Union Commonwealth. b) Union Nations. c) Union Jack.

3. The UK national colors are

a) red, white and green. b) red, blue and green. c) red, blue and white.

4. Population of the UK is

a) more than 62,000,000. b) more than 52,000,000. c) more than 58,000,000.

5. Great Britain is situated off

a) the west coast of Europe. b) the south coast of Europe. c) the north of Europe.

6. The UK consists of

a) 2 parts. b) 3 parts. c) 4 parts.

7. The head of the state is

a) Prime Minister. b) Queen. c) Parliament.

8. Official language of the UK is

a) British. b) English. c) Gaelic.

9. The head of the government is

a) Parliament. b) Queen. c) Prime Minister.

10. The currency of the UK is

a) dollar. b) pound. c) euro.

11. London is more than

a) 1,000 years old. b) 2,000 years old. c) 3,000 years old.

12. The national bird of the UK is

a) Robin Redbreast. b) Blackbird. c) Bullfinch.

13. When flag flies from Victoria Tower

a) Parliament sits. b) Queen is at home. c) Prime Minister speaks.

14. Cardiff is the capital of

a) Scotland b) Wales c) Northern Ireland

15. The best- selling novelist of all time is

a) J.R.R.Tolkien. b) C.S. Lewis. c) Agatha Christie.

The USA is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the Southern part of the North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. In 1959 Alaska became 49th state of the USA. Alaska is America’s largest state, but very few people live there. The largest island, and the the most recent state to join the USA was Hawaii. Hawaii lies at the South-Eastern End of the chain and is almost twice at large as all other islands combined.

Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.He was a seaman and made many sea voyages to the New World. He was born in Italy but lived in Spain for a long time. There is a nice poem about him. The title of the poem is “Lets Remember Columbus”.

In fourteen hundred and ninety two

Columbus sailed the ocean blue…

Lets sing together this old song

About the voyage that took him long,

About the sailors, those strong brave men.

Lets sing and remember them all again.

The total area of the USA is about 9 and a half million square kilometers. The USA borders on Canada in the North and on Mexico in the South. It also has a sea-border with Russia.

The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia, a special federal area, where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated. The population of the country is more than 270 million.

If we look at the map of the USA , we can see lowlands and mountains. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley which is located in Alaska.

Part of the boundary between the USA and Canada is formed by four of the five Great Lakes. The largest of them is Lake Superior, which, as its name implies, is the highest above the sea. South of it is Lake Michigan, entirely in the United States territory. From the Lake Erie the Niagara River rushes over the famous Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario.

America’s largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio-Grande and the Columbia. The climate of the USA varies greatly. The coldest regions are in the North. The climate of the central part is continental. The South has a subtropical climate. The climate along the Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.

Читайте также

  • - Subdivisions of regional geography

    Subdivisions of topical geography Geography - A Study of the Earth and What It Holds Read and translate the text Read and translate these words and word combinations to distribute – distribution; to investigate – investigation; to associate – association; to subdivide – subdivision; similar – similarity – similarities; agriculture – agricultural – agricultural characteristics; separate – separately; The distribution of things... [читать подробенее]

  • - Geography and Maps

    Read and translate the text Read and translate these words and word combinations Find Russian equivalents to the following word combinations Words and word combinations to the text Lesson 3 Geography and Maps Read and smile Make up all possible types of questions to the text 2.10 Inky hands and geography During a geography lesson the teacher is speaking to his pupils about the points of compass. He tells them that... [читать подробенее]

  • - Exhibit of Old Maps More Than Geography

    Text for written translation Answer the following questions Read the text and reproduce it in the form of a dialogue Translate the words and word combinations given in brackets Say whether the following statements are true or false 1. Maps show the arrangement of things over the earth. 2. First maps were made by the ancient Romans. 3. During the Middle Ages map making was revived. 4. The invention of the telescope made it... [читать подробенее]

  • - Geography

    The United States of America TEST GLOSSARY 1. patron saint – заступник 2. crest – герб 3. shield - щит 4. unicorn - единорог 5. extinction - исчезновение 6. mammal - млекопитающее 7. survive - выживать 8. conquer - завоевывать 9. subdue - подавлять 10. peer - пэр 11. county - графство 12. descendant - потомок 13. mart - ярмарка 14. nobility -... [читать подробенее]


    LECTURE 1 This lecture will describe the land, physical features, and climate of the United States of America, and cover the following items: · the U. S. political geography and political divisions, · origin of states' names, · the U.S. capital and largest cities, · the U.S. politics, · physical geography: major lakes and river systems, U.S. deserts, · climate, environment, · large country with many cultural differences, · cultural regions: the Northeast, the... [читать подробенее]

  • - I. Geography, History and Values of Ukraine and English-Speaking Countries

    UKRAINE AND ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES Task 1. Read the texts and fill in the table. Geography of Ukraine Ukraine is situated in the south-east of Europe. The territory of Ukraine is 603 700 square kilometres. Ukraine borders on Russia, Belarus, Poland, Moldova, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. Ukraine is larger than France and Great Britain but considerably smaller than Russia. Landscape. The territory of Ukraine is mostly flat. There are the Carpathian Mountains in the west and the... [читать подробенее]

  • - Geography of Great Britain

    Active vocabulary Unit 10 Great Britain island остров coast побережье to separate отделять to be separated отделяться conquer завоевывать surface поверхность valley долина to connect соединять territory территория nature природа channel канал resource ресурс symbol ... [читать подробенее]

  • - Physical Geography

    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Reading for detail First check that your understand the questions below, then read the text carefully to find the answers. a) Does the course (1) give an academic legal education or (2) teach students to become lawyers? b) What intellectual abilities does the course develop? c) Does the course only include strict (pure) law? d) Do most Cambridge Law graduates become lawyers? e) Should people who want to read law study... [читать подробенее]

  • - Modern Geography

    History of Geographic Study Evolution Geography was first systematically studied by the ancient Greeks, who also developed a philosophy of geography; Thales of Miletus, Herodotus, Eratosthenes, Aristotle, Strabo, and Ptolemy made major contributions to geography. The Roman contribution to geography was in the exploration and mapping of previously unknown lands. Greek geographic learning was maintained and enhanced by the Arabs during the Middle Ages. Arab geographers, among whom Idrisi,... [читать подробенее]

  • - Geography

    Великобритания (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) — островное государство на северо-западе Европы. Великобритания — одно из крупнейших государств Европы, ядерная держава, постоянный член Совета Безопасности ООН. Наследница Британской империи, крупнейшей в истории, и... [читать подробенее]