Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Иностранные языки Обзорные упражнения на времена и залоги
просмотров - 237

Упр. 5.12.1. Выберите правильный вариант из каждой пары.

a. Everything is going well. We didn't have / haven't hadany problems so far.

b. Margaret didn't go / hasn't goneto work yesterday. She wasn't feeling well.

c. Look! That man over there wears / is wearingthe same sweater as you.

d. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew / has growna lot.

e. I still don't know what to do. I didn't decide / haven't decidedyet.

f. I wonder why Jim is / is beingso nice to me today. He isn't usually like that.

g. Jane had a book open in front of her but shedidn't read / wasn't readingit.

h. I wasn't very busy. I didn't have / wasn't havingmuch to do.

i. Mary wasn't happy in her new job at first but shebegins / is beginningto enjoy it now.

j. After leaving school, Tim found / has foundit very difficult to get a job.

k. When Sue heard the news, she wasn't / hasn't beenvery pleased.

l. This is a nice restaurant, isn't it? Is this the first time you are / you've beenhere?

m. I need a new job. I'm doing / I've been doingthe same job for too long.

n. "Ann has gone out." "Oh, has she? What timedid she go / has she gone?"

o. "You look tired." "Yes, I've played / I've been playing basketball."

p. Whereare you coming / do youcome from? Are you American?

q. I'd like to see Tina again. It's a long time since I saw her / that I didn't see her.

r. Bob and Alice have been marriedsince20 years / for 20 years.

Упр. 5.12.2. Определите, какой из подчеркнутых элементов предложения содержит ошибку.

a. New York City has been (A) the capital of New York State

until (B) 1797 when (C) the state capital was moved (D) to Albany.

b. The advantages of computerized typing (A) and editing (B) are now being extending (C) to all the written (D) languages of the world.

c. Rubber can be made (A) too (B) elastic that it will stretch (C) more than nine times its (D) normal length.

d. Since (A) their high vitamin and low calorie content (B), mushrooms

are included (C) in certain diets (D).

e. Leave (A) me tell (B) a (C) funny story I'veheard (D).

Упр.5.12.3. Выберите наиболее подходящий по контексту вариант. Иногда более чем один вариант является правильным.

1. When is your meeting with Mr Thomas?

a. I’ll see him at 10 a.m. tomorrow.

b. I’m seeing him at 10 a.m. tomorrow.

c. I see him at 10 a.m. tomorrow.

2. What time is your train?

a. It leaves at 7.30 p.m.

b. It’s going to leave at 7.30 p.m.

c. It is leaving at 7.30 p.m.

3. I’m going to phone for a pizza. Do you want one?

a. Yes, I’ll have one too.

b. Yes, I am going to have one too.

c. Yes, I have one too.

4. Goodbye.

a. Goodbye. I’m going to see you soon.

b. Goodbye. I’ll see you soon.

c. Goodbye. I see you soon.

5. … and what about the third day of our tour of Mogul India?

a. On the third day you travel by train to Agra.

b. On the third day you are going to travel by train to Agra.

c. On the third day you’ll be travelling by train to Agra.

6. Look at the skater! I think she’s in danger!

a. Yes, the ice breaks!

b. Yes, the ice is going to break!

c. Yes, the ice will break!

7. You must be looking forward to going.

a. Yes, this time next week I’ll be spending all day on the beach.

b. Yes, this time next week I am spending all day on the beach.

c. Yes, this time next week I spend all day on the beach.

8. Bill is standing for election next month, isn’t he?

a. Yes, but he doesn’t win.

b. Yes, but he won’t win.

c. Yes, but he won’t be winning.

9. John is getting very nervous. Why is that?

a. He’ll perform in the concert on Saturday.

b. He is performing in the concert on Saturday.

c. He’ll be performing in the concert on Saturday.

10. You like Charles Dickens, don’t you?

a. Yes, next year I’ll read all his novels again.

b. Yes, next year I am going to read all his novels again.

c. Yes, next year I’m reading all his novels again.

11. Does Michael know about the change of date?

a. No, but if I see him I’ll tell him.

b. No, but if I see him I’m going to tell him.

c. No, but if I see him I’ll be telling him.

12. Have you bought your new house yet?

a. Yes, we are moving next month.

b. Yes, we’ll move next month.

c. Yes, we move next month.

13. You look pale. Are you all right?

a. I’ll be sick!

b. I’m going to be sick!

c. I’m being sick!

14. Your new radio doesn’t work.

a. I know. I’m going to take it back.

b. I know. I’ll take it back.

c. I know. I’ll be taking it back.

15. … so I’m afraid we can’t refund your money, madam.

a. I’m not satisfied. I’ll take this matter further.

b. I’m not satisfied. I’m going to take this matter further.

c. I’m not satisfied. I’m taking this matter further.

Упр.5.12.4. Выберите наиболее подходящий по контексту вариант. Иногда возможно больше чем одно правильное решение.

A Hello, Henry. How are you?

B Fine. And you?

A: Not so bad, thanks. Listen, I'm ringing to try to arrange a meeting with you. (a) I'll be coming/I'm coming/I come to London next Wednesday to see some customers. (b) I'm going to see/I'll see/I'm seeing them in the morning. (c) Will you be/are you/are you going to be free any time in the afternoon?

B: (d) I won't be/I'm not/I'm not going to be in London, I'm afraid. (e) I'll go/I'm going/I'll be going abroad for a few days on business.

A: Oh, where (f) do you go/will you go/are you going?

B: To Germany. I have a meeting in Bonn. My company (g) willopen/opens/is opening a new office there next year.

A: Mmm. Sounds exciting. When (h) do you go/are you going/will you go ?

B: On Monday evening, and (i) I'm not back/I won't be back/I'm not going to be back until Thursday morning.

A: Oh, well. I could stay overnight and see you then. What time (j) is your plane getting in/does your plane get in/will your plane get in?

B: 10.40, so if I get a taxi, (k) I'll be/I am/I could be in my office at 12.00.

A: On second thoughts, don't do that. (l) I'll see/I'll be seeing/I'm going to see you at the airport. We can talk there. (m) Wefinish/we're finishing/we'll have finished by 2.00, probably, so then we can have something to eat and I can get the 3.00 shuttle back to Manchester. How does that sound?

B: Fine. We'll sort it all out then. Thanks for ringing. Bye.

A: Cheerio. (n) Isee/I'll be seeing/I'll see you on Thursday. Have a good trip.

*Упр.5.12.5. В приведенных диалогах примерно половина форм будущего времени употреблена неверно. Найдите ошибки и исправьте их. Иногда возможно больше чем одно правильное решение.

Пример: A What are you doing this weekend?

B Nothing. I stay at home. / I'm staying.

a. A I'm terribly sorry! I've spilt coffee on your carpet. It'll stain.

B Don't worry. I'm getting a cloth to wipe it off.

b. A What do you do when you've finished this course?

B I'm going back to Spain.

c. A Have you got a job in Spain?

B No. I'll go back to university. I have to finish my final year.

d. A Am I disturbing you if I ring tonight?

B Not at all. I won't be doing anything important.

e. A What time does your train get in?

B At 11.00. If it's late, I'm going to miss my appointment.

f. A Have you decided what you'll do if you don't get the job?

B I do a retraining scheme.

**Упр.5.12.6. Употребите глаголы в нужном по контексту грамматическом времени.

A car: past, present and future

It is a self- propelled road vehicle. The search for a means of replacing the horse as a means of transport (1)____ (begin) seriously at the beginning of the 18th century, when Newcomen and Watt (2) ____ (show) that steam could be harnessed to produce power. A working steam carriage(3) ____ (build) in 1808. But an effective horseless carriage (4) ____ (need) a smaller efficient power source. This (5) ____ eventually ____ (provide) by two German engineers who in 1876 (6) ___ (patent) the Otto-cycle internal-combustion engine.

In 1890 Daimler and Benz (7) ____ (sell) the motorized dog cars that were the forerunners of the modern car.

By the start of World War I some 130 000 cars (8) ____ (register) in the UK. Nevertheless, motoring was still the preserve of the rich.

Since the 1950s competition throughout the world (9) ____ (be) fierce. In the UK major competitors in world mass markets now (10) ____ (include) the Rover Group, Jaguar and Ford.

The future of the private car is uncertain: world reserves of oil (11) ____ (diminish) at present, the cost of the car (12) ____ (rise). It may be that the petrol supplies (13) ____ (hold out) until an economical alternative (14) __ (find) and that traffic (15) ___ better ___ (manage) or it may be that the private car (16) ___ again ____ (become) the privilege of the rich.


Читайте также


  • - Обзорные упражнения на времена и залоги

    Упр. 5.12.1. Выберите правильный вариант из каждой пары. a. Everything is going well. We didn't have / haven't hadany problems so far. b. Margaret didn't go / hasn't goneto work yesterday. She wasn't feeling well. c. Look! That man over there wears / is wearingthe same sweater as you. d. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew / has growna lot. e. I still don't know what to do. I didn't decide / haven't decidedyet. f. I wonder... [читать подробенее]