Химия Answer the questions. просмотров - 244
Translate the following international words into Ukrainian.
|applied science – прикладна наука chemicals - хімікати primarily – головним чином silicate-bearing compounds – суміші, які містять силікати graphite - графіт doride – борід (поєднання бору з металом) silicide – силіцид (поєднання кремнію з металом) nitride – нітрид (поєднання азоту з металом) pottery – глиняні вироби porcelain - порцеляна enamel - емаль refractory – вогнетривкий матеріал abrasive – абразивний або шліфований матеріал despite – не дивлячись на man-made - штучний mica – слюда marble - мармур||sintered products – металокерамічні вироби fused products – розплавлені вироби ingredient – складова частина kaolin – каолін (глина для вичинки фаянсових і порцелянових виробів) newer ceramics – нові види кераміки potential – тут: можливості rocket building - ракетобудування ferrite – ферит (одна з структурних складових сталі) computer components – вузли електронно-обчислюваних приладів titanate – титанат (сіль титанової кислоти) sapphire – сапфір (дорогоцінне каміння) ruby – рубін (дорогоцінне каміння) garnet – гранат (дорогоцінне каміння) advanced communication equipment – сучасне приладдя зв’язку energy- and power-conversion equipment – прилади для перетворення енергії cerment – металокераміка|
ceramics, organic, chemicals, system, typical, porcelain, cement, nature, diamond, to classify, ingredient, quartz, kaolin, electronic, potential, rocket, computer.
1. What do ceramics deal with?
2. Which are the typical ceramic products?
3. What is the basis of most commercial ceramic products?
4. Which ceramic products exist in a natural state?
5. How can ceramic products be classified?
6. What is the main ingredient of most ceramic products?
7. What is mica used for?
8. Around what is now an extensive technology developing?
9. What are the main properties of oxides?
10. Why is graphite widespread use in rocket building?
11. Why are ferrites finding application in computer systems?
12. What are cerments?
WHAT IS ECOLOGY?
A few years ago, the average person would not have had the slightest idea of this term. Today, the word is on everyone's lips. The man in the street usually associated it with the effect of pollution and our efforts to clean it up. According to the definition of a biologist, on the other hand, ecology is the study of plants, and animals in relation to their environment. A community of plants and animals within a particular habitat is called ecosystem. Every plant or animal of an ecosystem has a definite role to play to maintain an overall balance in the system. This role is referred to as ecological niche. Man-made pollution frequently alters the environment in which a community of organisms lives and upsets its delicate balance. It is of significance that pollution produces numerous adverse effects in addition to disturbing ecosystem.
Homo sapiens, of course, is a part of the world ecosystem. In primitive societies based on hunting and food gathering, he fitted in quite well, he ate roots and berries or trapped animals for food. He began to seriously disturb the balance of nature only after he started to practice farming on a large scale and keep a sizeable herds of grass-eating animals. In recent years, it is the growth of giant cities accompanied by industrial development on a huge scale that has begun to introduce enormous amounts of noxious wastes into the environment. Our transportation devices are likewise serious offenders in this regard as are the numerous new synthetic materials such as plastics that soil and water bacteria cannot degrade.
Dates Ordinal numbers Cardinal numbers Exercise 5. Write down the following in figures.1. twenty-five million seven hundred thirty-two thousand 2. ten million five hundred sixty-seven thousand five hundred fifty-two 3. two million one hundred fifty thousand one hundred thirty-one 4. one million six hundred eighty-two thousand twelve 5. one point three million 6. sixty-seven thousand and five 7. two hundred thousand ninety-five 8. forty-five... [читать подробенее]
1. Exercise 2. Have a look at the adverbs in bolt. Find them in the UNIT and guess their meaning. Read the quotations and translate them. Exercise 1. Find the Russian equivalent. 1. to indulge in 2. to prefer 3. to introduce 4. to expect 5. to proffer 6. to squeeze 7. to exchange 8. to gain A. расценивать B. выражать C. предлагать D. приобретать E. кричать F. следовать G. избегать H.... [читать подробенее]
Ex. 59. Complete the following sentences about the important moments in history using the Past Continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Ex. 58Read the story and rewrite it in the past tense. Ex.57 Using the Past Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. Ex.56 Using the Past Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. Then rewrite the following affirmative statements as questions... [читать подробенее]
Ex. 48. Explain the use of the Simple Past in the following sentences. The First TV Soap Opera Ex. 47. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple. The first TV soap opera (a) ……….. (appear) on American television just after the Second World War. Its name (b) ………. (be) Faraway Hill and it (c) ……….. (begin) on the 2nd of October, 1946. A famous Broadway actress, Flora Campbell, (d) ………… (play) Karen St. John, a rich New York woman who (e) ……….... [читать подробенее]
EQUITY In a general sense equity means fairness. In English law, equity means that body of rules originally enforced only by the Court of Chancery. Equity has been described as “a gloss (meaning a supplement) on the common law”, filling in the gaps and making the English legal system more complete. Petitions from persons unable to obtain justice in the common law courts were sent to the King as “fountain of justice”. These petitions were sometimes examined by the King and Council... [читать подробенее]
Task 12. Fill in the blanks. Task 11. Guess the meaning of the international words using in the text. Task 10. Make up the questions. SUBMISSION SEAT 1) something to sitting on, e.g. a chair 2) a place where something is, or is located or based 3) a parliamentary constituency 4) membership in legislative body1) act of accepting the power or authority of another 2) legal theory, opinion presented to a judge or jury 3) the act of presenting something, e.g. a... [читать подробенее]
Task 10. Make up sentences using the following expressions. Judicial branch, according to, the highest tribunal, Chief Justice, to be appointed by, to be approved by, to alter, successful experience, to pass laws, to be authorized, principal duty, to be at stake. 1. What responsibility does the judicial branch have? 2. What kind of court is the judicial power vested in according to the Constitution? 3. Could you describe the Supreme Court of the USA? 4. What do you know about the... [читать подробенее]
Part two Discuss the following before you listen. You will hear an interview with Tim Rice, who wrote the lyrics for Part one The writerJesus Christ Superstar. It was first performed in the 1970s, but hasn’t been performed many times since. Andrew Lloyd Webber composed the music. a) What are some of the main events in the life of Jesus Christ? Who were some of the main characters in his life? b) Why do you think Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd... [читать подробенее]
Ex. 3. Read and translate the text. The Randolf sisters, Sadie and Esther, live just a block away from each other. Sadie constantly complains that the people in town are cold and unfriendly, while Esther finds them warm and pleasant. Although Sadie can’t see it, the difference is in the way they approach those people. Sadie and her husband have a lovely house. It’s filled with beautiful antique furniture and glassware that is so fragile it could easily be broken by a careless guest... [читать подробенее]
Discussion Ex. 1. Read and translate the text. Ex. 2.Work in pairs. Ex. 1. Answer the questions. Discussion 1. What are the three types of housing mentioned? 2. What is the ratio of houses to flats in Britain? 3. What has happened to home ownership in Britain? 4. What sort of people in the UK are most and least likely to own their houses? 5. Explain the following: sheltered housing, a mortgage, a slum area.1. What differences are there between housing in... [читать подробенее]