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География Answer the following questions
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Read the texts and reproduce them in the form of a dialogue

Complete the following sentences

Say whether the following statements are true or false

1. Antarctica is larger than Europe and Australia.

2. Ninety per cent of the world’s ice is known to be concentrated on the North Pole.

3. The thickness of the ice cap has been measured to average about 800 feet.

4. There are many rivers in Antarctica.

5. Antarctica is devoid of plant and animal life.

6. Many factors influence the climatic character of Antarctica.

7. Antarctica’s coldest temperatures often reach –730 C.

8. Antarctica was a central part of the former supercontinent Gondwanaland.

1. Antarctica lies ………. .

2. Antarctica’s three pronounced irregularities are ………. .

3. All of the continent is covered with ………. .

4. The largest area of persistent water-born ice is called ………. .

5. Plant and animal life of Antarctica includes ………. .

6. Factors that influence the climate character of the continent are the following ………. .

7. Antarctic weather can be described as ………. .

8. As Gondwanaland broke apart to form the continents of the southern hemisphere, Antarctica ………. .

Географы различают понятия «Антарктика» и «Антарктида». Название «Антарктика» происходит от греческих слов «анти» – против, «арктикос» – северный, то есть лежащая против северной полярной области земли – Арктики. Антарктика включает материк Антарктида с прилегающими к нему островами и южные полярные воды Атлантического, Индийского и Тихого океанов до зоны так называемой антарктической конвергенции, где сходятся холодные антарктические воды с относительно тёплыми водами умеренных широт. В среднем эта зона лежит около 530 05’ ю.ш.

***

В недрах Антарктиды обнаружены разнообразные полезные ископаемые: руды горных и цветных металлов, крупные запасы слюды и графита͵ уран, золото, алмазы. Геологи предполагают, что громадная впадина между морями Росса и Уэдделл хранит большие запасы нефти и газа. Но всœе эти запасы полезных ископаемых считают пока потенциальными, так как их современная добыча в суровых условиях Антарктиды связана с большими трудностями и экономически нерентабельнa.

Where is Antarctica situated?

What pronounced irregularities has Antarctica?

What is the largest area of persistent, water-born ice? Give its dimensions.

Are there any rivers, lakes, marshes, or swamps in Antarctica?

What kinds of plant life are found in Antarctica?

What can you say about Antarctica’s fauna?

What factors determine Antarctica’s climate?

Why do geographers regard Antarctica as a desert?

What signs of former tropical climate has Antarctica?


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