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Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.


Экология ANSWERS
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1. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a landmark document.

2. 10 December 1948.

3. At the Palais de Chaillot, in Paris, France.

4. Eleanor Roosevelt (USA), Rene Cassin (Fr.), Charles Malik (Leb.), Peng Chun Chang (China), Herman Santa Cruz (Chile), Alexandre Bogomolov /Alexei Pavlov (USSR),'Lord Dukeston /Geoffrey Wilson (U.K.) William Hodgson (Aus.) and John Humphrey (Can.).

5. 30.

6. Right to life, liberty and security of person; education; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; work; seek and obtain asylum from persecution in other countries (among others).

7. The fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

8. To each individual, regardless of gender, race, religion or cultural background.

9. "All Human Rights for All"

10. 10 December each year.

11. In commemoration of the date of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

12. 1968.

13. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, together with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

14. The Commission on Human Rights, the Commission on the Status of Women, and the Subcommisson on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities.

15. 53 countries, representing all regions of the world.

16. The Economic and Social Council, according to regional geographical distribution.

17. In Geneva for six weeks each year.

18. Three. Eleanor Roosevelt (USA) Princess Ashraf Pahlavi (Iran) and PuriticaGtpn Quisumbing (Philippines).

19. The Third Committee (Social. Humanitarian and Cultural).

20. The Declaration on the Right to Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1986.

21. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, formerly known as the Centre for Human Rights.

22. 1983. Two.

23. Mrs. Mary Robinson (former President of Ireland).

24. Mr. Jose Ayala Lasso (Ecuador), from April 1994 to March 1997.

25. Two. One in Tehran (Iran), 22April - 13 May 1968, and the other in Vienna (Austria) 14 - 25 June 1993.

26. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

27. In Geneva. Yes, the Human Rights Committee, the Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances, and the Committee on the Elimination of Disappearances against Women.

28. A convention is a legally binding treaty, coming into force upon ratification by a certain number of States. A declaration is not legally binding but carries moral weight because it is adopted by the international community.

29. The Geneva Conventions.

30. The Human Rights Committee that monitors the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and the Committee on Torture.

31. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

32. A procedure that allows anyone efface group of persons to report human rights violations to the United (rations even when the case is not covered by United Nations treaty).

33. Six treaty bodies. Each treaty body monitors how countries implement a specific human rights treaty,

34. Covenants on Civil and Political Rights; Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Conventions on the Rights of the Child; Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and against Torture.

35. Conventional mechanisms (treaty Bodies to monitor compliance of States parties to Conventions) and extra-conventional mechanisms (Special Reporters, working-groups and Special Representatives).

36. Special reporters are experts appointed by the Commission on Human Rights. They examine, monitor and publicly report on human rights situations and compliance States with international instruments.

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