Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Экология Civil and interstate wars
просмотров - 91

Prevention is also a vital part of any effective strategy to protect people against terrorism. Terrorism is not new. What is new is the range, scale and intensity if the threat. Today, one terror network, Al-Qaeda, has the capacity to kill around the world, and has struck in more than ten UN member-states in the past few years. In addition, the prospect that terrorism could acquire instruments of massive destruction creates unprecedented dangers.

Countering terrorism

We also need a major initiative to build public-health capacities in the developing world. If diseases can be treated and, better still, prevented at local level, not only the poorer countries will benefit. The whole world will acquire better defenses against bio-terrorism and large-scale natural epidemics. And the Security Council should work closely with the World Health Organization to strengthen biological security through prompt, effective responses to such outbreaks.

And our best preventive strategy is to support development. Committing resources to achieve the Millennium development Goals agreed in 2000 is the best security investment states can make. It will save lives in poor countries, reduce violent conflicts and the appeal of radicalism, and holster the ability of states to deal with threats before they can cause real harm.

The best agents of prevention are capable states exercising their sovereignty responsibly, dealing with internal dangers before they threaten others, and acting collectively with other states to meet threats on a global scale.

The dangers of inadequate preventive action are powerfully illustrated by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In the face of a lamentably slow and ineffective global response, the disease has killed 20m people in as many years, and it continues to spread. Tragically, the worst is yet to come. Its ultimate cost will be measured not just in lives, but in shattered societies. Despite greater international resolve in recent years, we are still not taking all the steps needed to bring the disease under control.

Equally critical is greater collective action on environmental degradation – from a long-term strategy to reduce global warming, going beyond the periods covered by the Kyoto Protocol, to better management of natural resources in countries that are at risk.

The UN must make better use of its assets in the fight against terrorism. It should articulate an effective and principled counter-terrorism strategy that is respectful of the rule of law and universal human rights. But first – a significant problem – terrorism must be defined. One of panel's signal achievements is to offer such a definition, agreed to by all the panelists. It would define terrorism as any action intended to kill or seriously harm civilians or non-combatants, with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling action by a government or international organization. States should use this definition to build consensus and strengthen the UN's response to this deadly scourge.

The report also makes urgent recommendations on non-proliferation, disarmament and curbing the supply of dangerous materials to reduce the risk of nuclear, chemical or biological attacks by states or terrorist groups. States must be encouraged to give up the development of domestic uranium enrichment, and be urged to take part in a voluntary time-limited moratorium on the construction of reprocessing plants. The International Atomic Energy Agency's ability to monitor compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty should be strengthened, using the standards in the treaty's additional protocol for safeguards inspections.


Читайте также


  • - Civil and interstate wars

    Prevention is also a vital part of any effective strategy to protect people against terrorism. Terrorism is not new. What is new is the range, scale and intensity if the threat. Today, one terror network, Al-Qaeda, has the capacity to kill around the world, and has struck in more than ten UN member-states in the past few years. In addition, the prospect that terrorism could acquire instruments of massive destruction creates unprecedented dangers. Countering terrorism We also need a... [читать подробенее]


  • - Civil and interstate wars

    Prevention is also a vital part of any effective strategy to protect people against terrorism. Terrorism is not new. What is new is the range, scale and intensity if the threat. Today, one terror network, Al-Qaeda, has the capacity to kill around the world, and has struck in more than ten UN member-states in the past few years. In addition, the prospect that terrorism could acquire instruments of massive destruction creates unprecedented dangers. Countering terrorism We also need a... [читать подробенее]