Open Library - открытая библиотека учебной информации

Открытая библиотека для школьников и студентов. Лекции, конспекты и учебные материалы по всем научным направлениям.

Категории

Дом IV. Make up disjunctive questions or wrong statements covering the contents of the story and ask your comrades to respond to them (see Unit One, Ex. IV, p. 22).
просмотров - 359

A

B

А

VOCABULARY

Translate the words and word combinations in bold type and the sentences which illustrate them:

1. John Harcourt caught a glimpse of his father at the book counter.

to catch (get) a glimpse of smb, smth - see for a moment

glimpse n - a quick, imperfect view; a short look at something or somebody out of the corner (tail) of one's eye

I caught a glimpse of him in the crowd. He caught a glimpse of her from the window of the tram.

As compared with to catch sight of, to catch a glimpse of stresses the imperfect character of seeing rather than the fact of seeing.

2. ... that he was accustomed to buying books for young ladies.

to be (get, become) accustomed to smth, to do (doing) smth - be (get, become) used to, as by frequent prolonged experience or by constant practice.

Oliver soon became accustomed to hard work and bad food. He could not get accustomed to sitting on the floor in a Japanese house. He is accustomed to getting up early. There was a small summer cottage in the garden where she was accustomed to spend a good deal of her time.

3. ... as if something in the book had stirred him.

to stir vt - rouse; excite

His sincerity, the depth of his feelings began to stir her.

The woman's pitiful story stirred everybody.

4. They listened and shared this new world with him.

to share vt - use or enjoy together; have in common

He hated having to share the hotel-bedroom with a stranger. Only we two shared the secret.

5. You'd turn up your nose at them ...

to turn up one's nose at smb, smth - (fig) show dislike for, have a superior and critical attitude toward

She turned up her nose at the idea (suggestion).

6. He was groping for words to describe the secret thoughts he had always had about her.

to grope vi (about, for, after) - search for blindly, in a doubtful, hesitating way (fig)

He groped for an answer to her question.

7. ... and now they were both quickly eager to hurt each other,

to hurt vt - pain a person, his feelings

He was rather hurt by their criticism. She was hurt to find that no one admired her performance.

I. Translate the following sentences paying careful attention to the words and word combinations in bold type. Give possible variants:

1. The boys held (caught) their breath when they saw Injun Joe come into the house where they were hiding. She was out of breath when she reached the top of the hill. Half-way up the hill, he stopped to take breath. The sight of the mountain range glittering in the sunshine took our breath away. 2. He groped for the door-handle in the dark. We groped our way through the dark streets. 3. Be sure to write and give me all the news. Be sure and ring me up tonight. Make sure you will be here in time. I think there's a train at 5.15, but you'd better make sure. Do you know it for sure? 4. His hair is turning grey. He promised to turn over a new leaf, but I doubt whether he'll keep his promise. He's always turning up where you don't want him. Come round next week, and maybe a job will turn up by then. The strange noise frightened me, but Mary didn't turn a hair. If you tell that to her, she won't turn a hair: she's the earth's most matter-of-fact young woman. 5. Children ought not to sit up late looking at TV programmes. The nurse sat up with her patient all night. I shall be late getting back, so please don't sit up for me. She was asleep when a loud noise on the staircase woke her up; she sat up and listened. Sit up straight!

II. Look up the meanings of the verbs to divide and to share as used in the following sentences and say how they differ:

The partition divided the room into two unequal parts.

They shared a room when they lived in London.

EXERCISES

I. Translate into Russian passages from the text which begin and end as follows;

1. All afternoon he had been talking to her ... to be with him. 2. The young man's easy words ... close to destruction. 3. Among those people ... every thing around her. 4. The memory of all this ... to see Grace. 5. Grace watched John's gloomy face ... I suppose ...

II. Find in the text English equivalents for the following Russian phrases and sentences:

выцветшая фетровая шляпа; он опустил руку в карман за деньгами; он стоял всœего лишь в нескольких шагах от отца; он сосредоточенно вертел книгу в руках; две пуговицы на его жилете были расстегнуты; поношенная одежда; приличный костюм; он был очень похож на; воскликнуть с горечью; он стоял, опустив голову; посмотреть с тревогой на; она улыбнулась ему; приятно проводить время; быть на пенсии; отличиться в университете; поднять глаза; отвернуться; становиться невыносимым;

соответствовать, подходить к чему-л.; она смотрела прямо перед собой; быть смешным; кивать головой; чувствовать себя несчастным

III. Reproduce situations from the text using the following words and word combinations:

1. to catch a glimpse of, to be sure, a faded felt hat; 2. to talk to smb eagerly, with an anxious diffidence, to be delighted; 3. to reach into one's pocket for, to be accustomed, only a few feet away from; 4. to turn over a book thoughtfully, to adjust smth, to be undone, shabby clothes, to look very much like, to cry out bitterly, to own a decent suit; 5. to stand with one's head down, to look at smb anxiously, to get in each other's way, to use one's elbows, to be sure of oneself; 6. to whisper smth uneasily, a breath of air, to smile at smb brightly, to stir smb; 7. to amuse oneself, to be on a pension, to distinguish oneself, to share smth, to sit up; 8. to look up cautiously, to stare steadily over one's glasses, to talk to smb hurriedly, to turn away; 9. to get unbearable, to hurt smb, to long to say, to turn up one's nose at smb; 10. to make smb a snob, to grope for words, to fit in, to stare straight ahead, to hurt each other, to be tired of smb's company; 11. to be ridiculous, to talk to smb brokenly, to stir smb, to nod one's head miserably, to long to tell, to feel wretched

V. Answer the following questions:

1. What do you know about John's family? Was Grace's family different from his? 2. Why did John pretend not to see his father? How did he try to justify his behaviour to himself? 3. Why do you think John's father did not come up to his son when he saw him? 4: How do you account for John's sudden hostility towards Grace? What did he accuse her of? 5. How did Grace behave during the quarrel with John? 6. How do you think the incident affected their relations? 7. Do you expect John and his father to discuss what had happened during their evening talk? 8. Why do you think the story is called "The Snob"? Who proved to be the snob? 9. Could you justify John's behaviour in any way?

VI. Find evidence in the text to support the following statements;

1. The Harcourts were a united family. 2. John lacked confidence in himself and was tortured by the conflict between his ambition and his devotion to his family. 3. John Harcourt was afraid of losing Grace.

VII. Make up dialogues between:

1, Mrs. Harcourt and her son John (about Grace).

2. Grace and her mother (about John).